Practical Ethics for Effective Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Practical Ethics for Effective Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

2nd Edition - May 17, 2022

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  • Authors: Matthew Brodhead, David Cox, Shawn Quigley
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128238615
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128238608

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Description

Practical Ethics for Effective Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Second Edition is for behavior analysts working directly with, or supervising those who work with, individuals with autism. The book addresses the principles and values that underlie the Behavior Analyst Certification Board’s® Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts and factors that affect ethical decision-making. In addition, the book addresses critical and under-discussed topics, including scope of competence, evidence-based practice in behavior analysis, how to collaborate with professionals within and outside one’s discipline, and how to design systems of ethical supervision and training customized to unique treatment settings. Across many of the topics, the authors also discuss errors students and professionals may make during analyses of ethical dilemmas and misapplications of ethical codes within their practice. New to this revision are chapters on Quality Control in ABA Service Delivery, Ethical Issues in ABA Business Management and Standardizing Decision-making in ABA Service Delivery.

Key Features

  • Reviews new BACB codes
  • Discusses factors that affect ethical decision-making
  • Describes how to create systems for teaching and maintaining ethical behavior and how to identify your own scope of competence in autism treatment
  • Describes the process of evidence-based practice and how it can be applied to behavior-analytic treatment for autism
  • Discusses the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration and how to be a good collaborator
  • Covers common mistakes students and supervisors make when analyzing ethical dilemmas, along with common misapplications of ethical codes

Readership

Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBAs), entry-level paraprofessionals who work directly with children with ASD. Centers for autism will be interested in purchasing multiple copies of this manual for those they are training

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • About the series editor
  • About the authors
  • Series foreword: Critical Specialties in Treating Autism and Other Behavioral Challenges
  • Purpose
  • Read me (preface)
  • What this book is?
  • What’s new in this edition?
  • How this book is organized?
  • What this book is not?
  • Key terms
  • Moving forward
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Introduction to applied behavior analysis, ethics, and core ethical principles
  • Abstract
  • Paradigms of clinical ethics: providing the groundwork
  • Dominant paradigms in clinical ethics
  • Contract theory
  • Western clinical codes of ethics
  • Principles of bioethics: the material for building
  • Applied behavior analysis and ethics: what we have built so far
  • The consequences of influence from multiple ethical paradigms
  • Applied behavior analysis and ethical theory: why Board Certified Behavior Analysts should care
  • Chapter summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 2. Contextual factors that influence ethical decision-making
  • Abstract
  • Basic research on choice
  • Different reinforcers for different behaviors
  • Delayed and probabilistic outcomes
  • Summary
  • Factors that affect clinical decision-making
  • Chapter summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 3. Creating behavioral systems to support ethical behavior in autism treatment
  • Abstract
  • A brief introduction to behavioral systems analysis
  • Six steps of behavioral systems analysis
  • Case examples of behavioral systems analysis
  • Case study 1: a system that creates an organizational culture of ethics
  • Case study 2: a step-by-step process for interacting with nonbehavioral professionals
  • Case study 3: ensuring client and caregiver consent in treatment
  • Chapter summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 4. Identifying your scope of competence in autism treatment
  • Abstract
  • Scope of competence within scope of practice
  • Identifying your own scope of competence
  • What coursework experiences define my scope of competence?
  • What experiences in various settings define my scope of competence?
  • What supervision experiences define my scope of competence?
  • Consider your answers in the context of successful treatment outcomes
  • How to broaden your scope of competence
  • When to seek additional training and when to refer a client?
  • A need for an honest evaluation
  • Chapter summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 5. The decision-making process of evidence-based practice
  • Abstract
  • Definitions from medicine and psychology
  • The three-legged stool analogy
  • Defining evidence-based practice in applied behavior analysis
  • Evidence-based practice as a decision-making process
  • Using evidence-based practice in applied behavior analysis
  • Identifying the best available evidence
  • Evaluating evidence once you find it
  • Integrating evidence with client considerations
  • Integrating evidence with professional expertise
  • Case studies in evidence-based practice in applied behavior analysis
  • Evidence-based practice in special-education: you are missing the point
  • Vocational training: evidence-based practice done right
  • Chapter summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 6. Interdisciplinary collaboration
  • Abstract
  • Recommendations for professional interactions
  • Respect legal, regulatory, and policy barriers
  • Limit technical jargon whenever possible
  • Nonbehavioral treatment recommendations
  • Additional recommendations
  • Chapter summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 7. Standardized decision-making
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • What is standardized decision-making?
  • Benefits of standardized decision-making in applied behavior analysis
  • Downsides to standardized decision-making in applied behavior analysis
  • Examples of standardized decision-making
  • Conclusion
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 8. Quality measurement in applied behavior analysis
  • Abstract
  • Ethically justifying quality applied behavior analysis services
  • Categories of quality measurement
  • Analytics: identifying relationships between structure, process, and outcome measures
  • Summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • Chapter 9. Common errors and mistakes made during ethical analyses and application
  • Abstract
  • Wrongful appeals to authority
  • Incomplete analyses
  • Multiple relationships run afoul
  • Forgetting we are a science
  • Death by PowerPoint, or make your funk the P-Funk
  • Chapter summary
  • Questions to help you incorporate this chapter into your practice
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 182
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: May 17, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128238615
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128238608

About the Authors

Matthew Brodhead

Matthew T. Brodhead, Ph.D., BCBA-D is an Associate Professor in the College of Education at Michigan State University. Like many before him, his interests in behavior analysis and autism began at Croyden Avenue School in Kalamazoo, MI. Raised in Harbor Springs, Michigan, United States, he has an undying passion for spending time in the great outdoors. When he can’t get outside, he enjoys listening to and playing music, and in a previous life, he used to tour with a funk bank. You can learn more about his work by visiting his Web site, www.mattbrodhead.com.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education, Michigan State University, USA

David Cox

David Ph.D., M.S.B., BCBA-D is the Chief Data Officer at the Behavioral Health Center of Excellence and Faculty of Behavior Analysis at Endicott College. He completed a Post-Doc in Computational Behavioral Economics at Johns Hopkins University, a Post-Doc in Data Science through the Insight Data Science Fellowship, a Ph.D. in Behavior Analysis at the University of Florida, an M.S. in Bioethics at Union Graduate College, and a B.S. in Psychology at Arizona State University. David has worked with children, adolescents, and adults with a range of diagnoses spanning Autism Spectrum Disorders, developmental disabilities, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, obesity, and substance abuse/misuse. He has published 40+ peer-reviewed articles and one book spanning his research interests of quantitative and computational analyses of choice, verbal behavior, behavioral health, and ethical behavior. His current research uses machine learning and quantitative modeling to study the behavioral mechanisms of human choice and decision-making.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Data Officer, Behavioral Health Center of Excellence and Faculty of Behavior Analysis, Endicott College, Beverly, MA, USA

Shawn Quigley

Shawn Quigley is the Chief Operating Office for Melmark. Dr. Quigley received his Master’s in Education at Idaho State University and then went on to Western Michigan University where he completed his Ph.D. in Behavior Analysis. Prior to joining the Melmark team, he completed a post-doctoral psychology fellowship with the University of New Mexico Medical Group. He stayed with University of New Mexico Medical Group as a manager of behavior services, working to increase access to behavior analytic providers, supporting advocacy groups, and developing state regulatory guidelines for service delivery. Dr. Quigley has worked as a direct support professional, behavior analyst, trainer, and administrator providing services in homes, schools, residential and community settings. These experiences provided a strong foundation for understanding service development, regulatory requirements, scope of competence issues, and resource allocation. Dr. Quigley actively supports the profession through practice, research, teaching, and service.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director of Professional Development and Clinical Training, Melmark, Berwyn, PA, USA

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