Practical Botany

Practical Botany

For Advanced Level and Intermediate Students

5th Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Author: C. J. Wallis
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222349

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Description

Practical Botany for Advanced Level and Intermediate Students, Fifth Edition is a five-part laboratory manual covering the syllabuses in Botany of the advanced level students and other examinations of similar standard. This laboratory manual must be used in conjunction with textbooks of botany. The Introduction presents general instructions for practical work and for the keeping of practical notebooks and a list of apparatus and instruments required, as well as a summary of the characteristics of living organisms, the differences between plants and animals and the principles of plant classification. Part I describes the features and methods of use of the microscope, while Part II contains intensive discussions on the evaluation of the morphological, cytological, and histological aspects of plants. The remaining parts cover the biochemical, physiological, and genetic aspects of the plant experiments. This book is directed toward advanced and intermediate level botany teachers and students.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword to the Fifth Edition

    Preface

    Introduction

    General Directions for Practical Work

    General Directions for the Keeping of Practical Notebooks in Biology

    Instruments and Apparatus Required

    Part I Microscopical Technique

    The Microscope

    Magnification

    Measurement

    Use and Care

    Preparation of Slides

    Care of Section-Cutting Razors

    Section Cutting

    Killing, Fixing and Hardening

    Staining

    Dehydration

    Clearing

    Mounting

    Ringing

    Irrigation

    Methods for Permanent Mounts

    Part II Morphology, Cytology and Histology

    Introductory Notes

    Thallophyta: Algae: Protococcus

    Chlorella

    Haematoccocus

    Chlamydomonas

    Pandorina

    Eudorina

    Volvox

    Spirogyra

    Oedogonium

    Vaucheria

    Cladophora

    Euglena

    Ectocarpus

    Fucus

    Pinnularia

    Fungi: Mucor

    Pythium

    Peronospora

    Albugo

    Phytophthora

    Saccharomyces

    Pencillium

    Eurotium

    Erysphe

    Monilia

    Puccinia

    Psalliota

    Cladonia

    Bacteria: Elementary Bacteriology

    Bryophyta: Pellia

    Funaria

    Pteridophyta: Dryopteris

    Lycopodium

    Selaginella

    Spermatophyta: Cytology and Histology: Mitosis

    Plant Tissues

    Gymnospermae: Cycas

    Pinus

    Taxus

    Angiospermae: The Root

    The Stem

    The Foliage Leaf

    The Inflorescence

    The Flower

    The Fruit

    The Seed and Seedling

    Cuscuta

    Classication of Angiosperms

    Part III Elementary Biochemistry

    Introductory Notes

    Physical Properties of Organic Compounds

    Crystalloids and Colloids

    Brownian Movement

    Coagulation

    Osmosis

    Dialysis

    Chemical Properties of Organic Compounds

    to ascertain The Elements Present

    Proteins

    Carbohydrates

    Lipides

    Analytical Table to Identify Biochemical Compounds

    Microchemical Tests

    Vitamins

    Part IV Physiology

    Introductory Notes

    The Germination of Seeds

    The Passage of Water through The Plant: Absorption

    Transpiration

    Turgidity and Plasmolysis

    The Soil

    Holophytic Nutrition: Water Culture

    Photosynthesis

    Plant Pigments

    Respiration

    Growth

    Irritability and Movement

    Excretion

    Part V Genetics

    Introductory Notes

    Mendelian Segregation

    Monohybrid Inheritance

    Appendices

    Appendix I. The Preparation and Uses of Reagents

    Microscopical Reagents: Hardening and Fixing Agents

    Microscopical Stains

    Acid Alcohol

    Dehydrating Agents

    Clearing Agents

    Mounting Media

    Embedding Wax

    Ringing Cement

    Biochemical and General Reagents

    Appendix II. Biological Methods

    Cleaning of Glass Apparatus

    Culture Methods

    Graphic Records, to Preserve

    Joints, to Make Airtight

    Labels

    Microscopical Slides, to Clean

    Museum Specimens

    Preservation and Storage of Material

    Sterilization

    Thermo-Regulator

    Thermostat

    Appendix III. Equivalents, Conversion Table

    Appendix IV. Treatment of Accidents in the Laboratory

    Appendix V. Firms Supplying Biological Apparatus and Material

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 203
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483222349

About the Author

C. J. Wallis

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