Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

A Guide to Thermal Power Plants

2nd Edition - June 8, 2019

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  • Authors: Swapan Basu, Ajay Debnath
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128195048
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081028056

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Description

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Second Edition, provides a contemporary resource on the practical monitoring of power plant operation, with a focus on efficiency, reliability, accuracy, cost and safety. It includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow and levels of both conventional thermal power plant and combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants and once-through boilers. It is updated to include tables, charts and figures from advanced plants in operation or pilot stage. Practicing engineers, freshers, advanced students and researchers will benefit from discussions on advanced instrumentation with specific reference to thermal power generation and operations. New topics in this updated edition include plant safety lifecycles and safety integrity levels, advanced ultra-supercritical plants with advanced firing systems and associated auxiliaries, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and integrated gasification fuel cells (IGFC), advanced control systems, and safety lifecycle and safety integrated systems.

Key Features

  • Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers
  • Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation
  • Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed
  • Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument
  • Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India
  • All-new coverage of Plant safety lifecycles and Safety Integrity Levels
  • Discusses control and instrumentation systems deployed for the next generation of A-USC and IGCC plants

Readership

Power Engineers, Control Engineers, Instrumentation and Control Technicians in power plants

Table of Contents

  • I. Introduction
    1. Introduction
    2. Fundamental Knowledge about Basic Process
    3. Process Parameters and Ranges

    II. Main Equipment
    1. Overview of Types, Functions, and Description of Main Equipment
    2. Steam Generator: Boiler
    3. Turbine Types
    4. Generator
    5. Boiler Feed Pump and Condensate Extraction Pump with Associated Measurements
    6. Deaerators and Heaters
    7. Function and Description of CW and ACW Systems
    8. Demineralizing Plant’s Function and Description
    9. Basic System Functions and Description of Coal Handling
    10. Basic System Functions and Description of ASH Handling

    III. Plant P&ID Discussions
    1. Introduction (P&ID)
    2. Main Steam (P&ID)
    3. Reheat Steam (P&IDs): Cold and Hot Reheat
    4. Extraction Steam (P&IDs): Bleed Steam
    5. Auxiliary Steam (P&IDs)
    6. Feed Water System (P&ID)
    7. Condensate System (P&IDs)
    8. Heater Drain and Vent (P&IDs)
    9. Air and Flue Gas System (P&IDs)
    10. Cogeneration P&ID
    11. Miscellaneous Other Systems (P&ID)

    IV. General Instruments
    1. Introduction
    2. Pressure Measurement: Various Measuring Points and Range Selection
    3. Temperature Measurement: Various Measuring Points and Range Selection
    4. Flow Measurement, Various Measuring Points, Various Types, and Range Selection
    5. Level Measurement

    V. Special Instrument
    1. Special Instruments
    2. Vibration and Turbovisory Instruments
    3. Gas Analyzers
    4. Steam and Water Analysis System
    5. Sample Conditioning System
    6. Blow Down and Dosing Control
    7. Analyzers for Air Pollution Monitoring and Control (NOX Control)

    VI. Final Control Element
    1. Valves and Actuators
    2. Control Valve Types
    3. Dampers and Miscellaneous other FCEs
    4. Actuators
    5. Accessories

    VII. Intelligent Control System
    1. Basics (Discussion on Intelligent Network System)
    2. PLC System: Introduction
    3. Annunciation and Sequence of Event: Preamble
    4. Integrated DCS–DDC MIS: Preamble
    5. MMI and Recording: Introduction
    6. MIS: Introduction

    VIII. Boiler Control System
    1. Basic Control Requirements
    2. Steam Pressure Control with Load Index
    3. Air Flow Control
    4. Fuel Flow Control
    5. Coal Mill Control—Mill Air Flow for TT Boiler
    6. Furnace Draft Control
    7. Drum-Level and Feedwater Controls
    8. Superheater Temperature Control
    9. Reheat Temperature Control
    10. Miscellaneous Boiler Controls, including Overfire Air Dampers
    11. HP–LP Bypass System
    12. Boiler OLCS: Introduction to Interlock and Protection of Boiler BMS, SADC, and SB Control

    IX. Turbo Generator Control System
    1. Introduction
    2. Electro Hydraulic Governor Control System
    3. Turbine Protection System
    4. ATRS
    5. ATT System
    6. Thermal Stress Evaluator
    7. LPBP System
    8. Turbine Controls: Seal Steam Pressure Control System
    9. Hydrogen Seal Oil System and Differential Pressure Control
    10. Generator Control System
    11. Condenser Level and Deaerator Level Control System
    12. Various TG Options and Miscellaneous TG Controls

    X. Coordinated Control System
    1. Introduction
    2. Coordinate Control Mode
    3. Turbine Follow Mode
    4. Boiler Follow Mode
    5. Run Back System
    6. Discussions and Explanations

    XI. Balance of Plant Control System
    1. Balance of Plant: Introduction
    2. BFP Recirculation Control
    3. CEP Recirculation Control
    4. GSC Minimum Flow Control
    5. Deaerator (Pressure) Control
    6. LP Heater Level Control
    7. HP Heater Level Control
    8. Ejector Control and TAS

    XII. Installation Practices
    1. Introduction
    2. Pipe Valve Fitting Material Specification and Rating
    3. Mechanical Installation of Instruments
    4. Elecrical Installation of Instruments

    XIII: Advanced Ultra-Supercritical Thermal Power Plant and Associated Auxiliaries

    XIV: Plant safety life cycle and Safety Integrated level

    Appendix
    I. Process and Mechanical Standard Table
    II. Electrical Data and Tables
    III. ISA Standard, Materials, Human Engineering, and Control Room
    IV. Network Control and Communication
    V. Super/Ultra Super Critical Power Plants
    VI. Integrated Gasifier and Combined Cycle Plant (Pollution Control)
    VII. A Few Operational Features of the Unit

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1152
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2019
  • Published: June 8, 2019
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128195048
  • eBook ISBN: 9780081028056

About the Authors

Swapan Basu

Swapan Basu is founder member & Chief Executive, Systems & Controls Kolkata India. Basu is a member of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and IEEE Instrumentation and measurement society. He brings over 40 years of international professional engineering experience in instrumentation and controls systems for subcritical, super critical thermal power plants including combined cycle projects, and other process plants. Since 1979, he has been leading teams of engineers in India, Jordan, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, and USA. He has a number of national and international technical papers to his credit. He has published two editions of Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook, Plant Hazard Analysis and Safety Instrumentation Systems and Plant Flow Metering and Control Handbook

Affiliations and Expertise

Founder and Chief Executive, Systems and Controls, Kolkata, India

Ajay Debnath

Ajay Kumar Debnath is Chief Executive, Systems and Controls, Control and Instrumentation Engineering and Consulting Kolkata, India. He has practiced both electrical and C&I system in power plants and textile and fertilizer plants. He has over 43 years of experience and has worked in India, France, and the United States in fossil fuel power plants from 30 MW up to 660 MW Supercritical Power Plants and co-generation as well as in combined cycle plants with gas, bagasse, and tar as fuel.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Executive, Systems and Controls, Control and Instrumentation Engineering and Consulting Kolkata, India

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