Postwar Fertility Trends and Differentials in the United States - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125892506, 9781483270159

Postwar Fertility Trends and Differentials in the United States

1st Edition

Authors: Ronald R. Rindfuss James A. Sweet
Editors: H. H. Winsborough
eBook ISBN: 9781483270159
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 236
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Postwar Fertility Trends and Differentials in the United States examines fertility trends and levels within social and economic subgroups in the United States. The major portion of the book deals with the time period 1945-1969; the last chapter extends the findings through the first half of the 1970s. The study is based on data made available by the release of the 1-in-a-100 Public Use Samples from the 1960 and 1970 United States Censuses. This book is the first comprehensive study of socioeconomic fertility trends and differentials to use these Public Use Samples. The book opens with a chapter that presents annual estimates of age-specific fertility rates by educational attainment of women and by race for the period 1945-1969. Separate chapters then examine the pattern of differentials in recent fertility in the late 1950s and the late 1960s for the U.S. population as a whole; changing fertility during the period 1955-1969; and differentials in fertility within and among members of various racial and ethnic minorities. Subsequent chapters deal with rural fertility trends and differentials; the effect of migration on fertility; and the similarity of all social and economic groups with respect to fertility trends.

Table of Contents


1 Introduction

Historical and Contemporary Perspective

Methodological Perspective

Overview of the Study

2 Measurement: Sources, Opportunities, and Limitations

Own-Children Data

Data Requirements

Comparisons with Vital Registration Data

Comparisons with Birth History Data

Individual and Aggregate Measures


3 Trends in Fertility: 1945-1969

Education and the Estimation of Annual Fertility Rates


Trends within Education Groups

Trends within Racial and Education Groups

Fertility Patterns: Concept and Measurement

Trends in Fertility Patterns


4 Differentials: Persistence and Change

Poverty and Fertility

Differentials within the Total Population

Differentials in Trends: Urban Whites


5 Fertility Trends among Minority Groups

Aggregate Trends: 1955-1969

Annual Rates and Recent Marital Fertility

Changing Status and Own-Children Trend Estimates

Fertility Declines within Two High-Fertility Groups

Fertility Declines within the Southern Urban Black and the Non-Southern Black Population

Minority Status and Fertility


6 Fertility Differentials within Minority Groups

Differentials within Three High-Fertility Groups

Differentials within the Urban Black Population

Differentials within Two Low-Fertility Populations

Differentials within the Puerto Rican Population

Differences in the Timing of Fertility


7 Rural Fertility Trends and Differentials

Definitions of "Rural" and "Urban"

Migration and Fertility Rate Estimates

Aggregate Trends

Differential Fertility Declines within the Farm Population: 1960-1970

Trends in the Pattern of Fertility

Current Differentials

Rural/Urban Differences in the Age Patterns of Fertility


8 Fertility and Migration: The Case of Puerto Rico

Measuring Migration Status

Other Methodological Concerns

Migration and Current Fertility

Migration and Children Ever Born

Knowledge of English and Current Fertility


9 Similarity and Diversity: Some Extensions and Implications

Similarity and Diversity in the 1970s

Some Implications

Appendix A Urban White Recent Marital Fertility Differentials

Appendix B Stability of Racial Estimates of Annual Fertility Rates

Appendix C Differentials in Recent Marital Fertility within Various Racial and Ethnic Groups: 1960

Appendix D Post-1970 Fertility Trends and Differentials within the Black Population




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© Academic Press 1977
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Ronald R. Rindfuss

James A. Sweet

About the Editor

H. H. Winsborough

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