Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits

Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits

Fundamental Issues

1st Edition - September 19, 2011

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  • Editor: Elhadi Yahia
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845697334
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093622

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Description

Tropical and subtropical fruits are popular products, but are often highly perishable and need to be transported long distances for sale. The four volumes of Postharvest biology and technology of tropical fruits review essential aspects of postharvest biology, postharvest technologies, handling and processing technologies for both well-known and lesser-known fruits. Volume 1 contains chapters on general topics and issues, while Volumes 2, 3 and 4 contain chapters focused on individual fruits, organised alphabetically.Volume 1 provides an overview of key factors associated with the postharvest quality of tropical and subtropical fruits. Two introductory chapters cover the economic importance of these crops and their nutritional benefits. Chapters reviewing the postharvest biology of tropical and subtropical fruits and the impact of preharvest conditions, harvest circumstances and postharvest technologies on quality follow. Further authors review microbiological safety, the control of decay and quarantine pests and the role of biotechnology in the improvement of produce of this type. Two chapters on the processing of tropical and subtropical fruit complete the volume.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Volume 1 of Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits, along with the other volumes in the collection, will be an essential reference both for professionals involved in the postharvest handling and processing of tropical and subtropical fruits and for academics and researchers working in the area.

Key Features

  • Along with the other volumes in the collection, Volume 1 is an essential reference for professionals involved in the postharvest handling and processing of tropical and subtropical fruits and for academics and researchers working in the area
  • Focuses on fundamental issues of fruit physiology, quality, safety and handling relevant to all those in the tropical and subtropical fruits supply chain
  • Chapters include nutritional and health benefits, preharvest factors, food safety, and biotechnology and molecular biology

Readership

Professionals involved in the postharvest handling and processing of tropical and subtropical fruits and for academics and researchers working in the area.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition

    Dr Adel Kader

    Foreword

    Preface

    Chapter 1: Economic importance of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 World fruit production and contribution to gross domestic product (GDP)

    1.3 Global consumption of tropical and subtropical fruits

    1.4 International trade in tropical and subtropical fruit

    1.5 Price of tropical and subtropical fruit

    1.6 Conclusions

    Chapter 2: Nutritional and health-promoting properties of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Consumption

    2.3 Health components of tropical and subtropical fruits

    2.4 Bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity

    2.5 Overview of health effects of some tropical and subtropical fruits

    2.6 Preharvest factors affecting accumulation of nutritional and health components

    2.7 Postharvest factors affecting nutritional and health components

    2.8 Enhancement of nutritional and health components in tropical and subtropical fruits

    2.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: Postharvest biology of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Diversity in fruit characteristics

    3.3 Maturation and ripening

    3.4 Quality attributes

    3.5 Biological factors affecting deterioration

    3.6 Environmental factors affecting deterioration

    3.7 Pathological disorders and insect infestation

    3.8 Biotechnological approaches for improving quality andpostharvest life

    3.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Preharvest and harvest factors infl uencing the postharvest quality of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Genetic factors

    4.3 Environmental factors

    4.4 Physico-chemical factors

    4.5 Diseases

    4.6 Other factors

    4.7 Harvesting factors

    4.8 Phytohormones and other growth regulators

    4.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 5: Postharvest technologies to maintain the quality of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Maturity and harvesting indices

    5.3 Harvesting

    5.4 Conditioning

    5.5 Quality

    5.6 The cold chain

    5.7 Centralized packing operations

    5.8 Ripening

    5.9 Processing

    5.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 6: Postharvest pathology of tropical and subtropical fruit and strategies for decay control

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Preharvest and postharvest factors affecting disease development

    6.3 Modes of infection by postharvest pathogens

    6.4 Attack mechanisms

    6.5 Fruit defense mechanisms

    6.6 Major pathogens of subtropical and tropical fruits

    6.7 Control of postharvest pathogens

    6.8 Conclusions and future challenges

    Chapter 7: Quarantine pests of tropical and subtropical fruits and their control

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Internal fruit feeders: an introduction

    7.3 Diptera: Tephritidae

    7.4 Lepidoptera: Tortricidae and Elachistidae

    7.5 Coleoptera: mango seed weevil: Sternochetus mangiferae (Fabricius) (Curculionidae)

    7.6 External fruit feeders

    7.7 Control measures: an introduction

    7.8 Preharvest control measures

    7.9 Postharvest control measures

    7.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Microbial safety of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Foodborne pathogens associated with tropical and subtropical fruit

    8.3 Outbreaks of foodborne illness attributed to tropical and subtropical fruits

    8.4 Routes of contamination of tropical fruits

    8.5 Interventions to reduce contamination of tropical fruits

    8.6 Food safety programs used to minimize microbial contamination of fruits

    8.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Biotechnology and molecular biology of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Genetic transformation, transcriptome sequencing, genome mapping and sequencing of fruits

    9.3 Acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

    9.4 Avocado (Persea americana Mill.)

    9.5 Banana (Musa acuminata)

    9.6 Cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.)

    9.7 Citrus

    9.8 Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.)

    9.9 Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.)

    9.10 Fig (Ficus carica L.)

    9.11 Grape (Vitis vinifera L.)

    9.12 Guava (Psidium guajava L.)

    9.13 Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa)

    9.14 Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.)

    9.15 Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.)

    9.16 Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica L.)

    9.17 Mango (Mangifera indica L.)

    9.18 Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.)

    9.19 Melon (Cucumis melo L.)

    9.20 Nuts

    9.21 Olive (Olea europaea L.)

    9.22 Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

    9.23 Passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sim)

    9.24 Pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Merr)

    9.25 Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota)

    9.26 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Fresh-cut tropical and subtropical fruit products

    Abstract:

    10.1 Fresh-cut produce industry worldwide

    10.2 Handling and conditioning of raw materials for processing

    10.3 Sanitation of whole and fresh-cut fruits

    10.4 Mechanical and manual processing of fruits

    10.5 Physiological and biochemical aspects of fresh-cut produce

    10.6 Effects of peeling and cutting on overall quality: texture, flavour and colour

    10.7 Preservative treatments for fresh-cut fruits

    10.8 Preservation of bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacity

    10.9 Nutritional aspects of fresh-cut vs whole fruits

    10.10 Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) and hygiene considerations for the fresh-cut produce industry

    10.11 Facilities, process design and equipment requirements

    10.12 New trends in the fresh-cut fruit industry

    10.13 Economic and market considerations

    10.14 Conclusions

    Chapter 11: Preservation and processing of tropical and subtropical fruits

    Abstract:

    11.1 Factors responsible for the deterioration of tropical fruits and their products

    11.2 Microbiological aspects

    11.3 Enzymes

    11.4 Principles of conventional methods of preservation

    11.5 Fruit preparation for preservation purposes

    11.6 Refrigeration and freezing

    11.7 Drying

    11.8 Manufacture of fruit beverages and purees

    11.9 Manufacture of jams and jellies

    11.10 Heat treatments applied to fruit products

    11.11 Non-thermal processes applied to tropical and subtropical fruit processing

    11.12 Conclusions

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 534
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: September 19, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845697334
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093622

About the Editor

Elhadi Yahia

Elhadi Yahia is a Professor in the Faculty of Natural Sciences at the Autonomous University of Querétaro, Mexico, and is a consultant to several organizations including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Logistics Organization (WFLO), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro, Mexico

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