Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits

Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits

Mangosteen to White Sapote

1st Edition - June 30, 2011

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  • Editor: E Yahia
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090904
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857092618

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Description

While products such as bananas, pineapples, kiwifruit and citrus have long been available to consumers in temperate zones, new fruits such as lychee, longan, carambola, and mangosteen are now also entering the market. Confirmation of the health benefits of tropical and subtropical fruit may also promote consumption further. Tropical and subtropical fruits are particularly vulnerable to postharvest losses, and are also transported long distances for sale. Therefore maximising their quality postharvest is essential and there have been many recent advances in this area. Many tropical fruits are processed further into purees, juices and other value-added products, so quality optimisation of processed products is also important. The books cover current state-of-the-art and emerging post-harvest and processing technologies. Volume 1 contains chapters on particular production stages and issues, whereas Volumes 2, 3 and 4 contain chapters focused on particular fruit.Chapters in Volume 4 review the factors affecting the quality of different tropical and subtropical fruits from mangosteen to white sapote. Important issues relevant to each product are discussed, including means of maintaining quality and minimising losses postharvest, recommended storage and transport conditions and processing methods, among other topics.With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Volume 4 of Postharvest biology and technology of tropical and subtropical fruits, along with the other volumes in the collection, are essential references both for professionals involved in the postharvest handling and processing of tropical and subtropical fruits and for academics and researchers working in the area.

Key Features

  • Along with the other volumes in the collection, Volume 4 is an essential reference for professionals involved in the postharvest handling and processing of tropical and subtropical fruits and for academics and researchers working in the area
  • Reviews factors affecting the quality of different tropical and subtropical fruits, concentrating on postharvest biology and technology
  • Important issues relevant to each particular fruit are discussed, such as postharvest physiology, preharvest factors affecting postharvest quality and pests and diseases

Readership

Professionals involved in the postharvest handling and processing of tropical and subtropical fruits and for academics and researchers working in the area.

Table of Contents

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    Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition

    Foreword

    Chapter 1: Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.)

    Abstract:

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    1.3 Maturity and quality components

    1.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    1.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    1.6 Physiological disorders

    1.7 Pathological disorders

    1.8 Harvesting practices

    1.9 Postharvest operations

    1.10 Processing

    1.11 Conclusions

    1.12 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 2: Melon (Cucumis melo L.)

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    2.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    2.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    2.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting fruit quality

    2.6 Physiological disorders

    2.7 Pathological disorders

    2.8 Insect pests and their control

    2.9 Postharvest handling practices

    2.10 Processing

    2.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: Nance (Byrsonima crassifolia (L.) Kunth)

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    3.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    3.4 Preharvest factors affecting quality

    3.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    3.6 Physiological disorders

    3.7 Pathological disorders

    3.8 Insect pests and their control

    3.9 Postharvest handling practices

    3.10 Processing

    3.11 Conclusion

    Chapter 4: Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.)

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Fruit growth, development and maturation

    4.3 Preharvest conditions and postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    4.4 Pathological disorders

    4.5 Insect pests and their control

    4.6 Postharvest handling practices

    4.7 Processing

    4.8 Conclusions

    Chapter 5: Olive (Olea europaea L.)

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    5.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    5.4 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    5.5 Physiological disorders

    5.6 Pathological disorders

    5.7 Insect pests and their control

    5.8 Harvest operations

    5.9 Packinghouse handling practices

    5.10 Grades and standards for processed olives

    5.11 Recommended storage and shipping conditions

    5.12 Processing

    5.13 Conclusions

    Chapter 6: Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    6.3 Maturity indices

    6.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    6.5 Postharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    6.6 Physiological disorders

    6.7 Postharvest pathological disorders

    6.8 Postharvest insect pests and phytosanitary treatments

    6.9 Postharvest handling practices

    6.10 Processing

    6.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 7: Passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sim.)

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    7.3 Postharvest physiology and quality

    7.4 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    7.5 Crop losses

    7.6 Processing

    7.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Pecan (Carya illinoiensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch.)

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Nutritional value of pecan nuts

    8.3 Harvesting, handling and storage

    8.4 Current quality grading system

    8.5 In-shell and shelled pecans

    8.6 Description of main quality attributes

    8.7 Storage

    8.8 Postharvest physiology factors affecting nut quality

    8.9 Potential improvements in handling

    8.10 Processing

    8.11 Conclusions

    8.12 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 9: Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.)

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    9.3 Maturity, quality at harvest and phytonutrients

    9.4 Preharvest factors affecting postharvest fruit quality

    9.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting fruit quality

    9.6 Physiological disorders

    9.7 Pathological disorders

    9.8 Insect pests and their control

    9.9 Postharvest handling practices

    9.10 Processing

    9.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Pineapple (Ananas comosus L. Merr.)

    Abstract:

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    10.3 Physical and biochemical changes during maturation and ripening

    10.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    10.5 Postharvest factors affecting quality

    10.6 Physiological disorders

    10.7 Pathological disorders

    10.8 Insect pests and their control

    10.9 Postharvest handling practices

    10.10 Processing

    10.11 Conclusions

    10.12 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 11: Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.)

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Physiological disorders

    11.3 Postharvest pathology and mycotoxin contamination

    11.4 Postharvest handling practices

    11.5 Processing of fresh pistachio nuts

    11.6 Processing of dried pistachio nuts

    Chapter 12: Pitahaya (pitaya) (Hylocereus spp.)

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Uses and market

    12.3 Botany, origin and morphology

    12.4 Cropping system

    12.5 Cultivation techniques

    12.6 Pests and diseases

    12.7 Quality components and indices

    12.8 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    12.9 Processing

    12.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 13: Pitanga (Eugenia uniflora L.)

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Postharvest physiology

    13.3 Maturity and quality components and composition

    13.4 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    13.5 Postharvest handling practices

    13.6 Processing

    13.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 14: Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.)

    Abstract:

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    14.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    14.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    14.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    14.6 Physiological disorders

    14.7 Pathological disorders

    14.8 Postharvest handling practices

    14.9 Processing

    14.10 Conclusions

    Chapter 15: Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.)

    Abstract:

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    15.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    15.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    15.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    15.6 Physiological disorders

    15.7 Pathological disorders

    15.8 Insect pests and their control

    15.9 Postharvest handling practices

    15.10 Processing

    15.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 16: Salak (Salacca zalacca (Gaertner) Voss)

    Abstract:

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    16.3 Changes in quality components during maturation

    16.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    16.5 Postharvest factors and physiological disorders affecting fruit quality

    16.6 Postharvest pathology and entomology

    16.7 Postharvest handling practices

    16.8 Processing

    16.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 17: Sapodilla (Manilkara achras (Mill) Fosb., syn Achras sapota L.)

    Abstract:

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    17.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    17.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    17.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    17.6 Physiological disorders

    17.7 Pathological disorders

    17.8 Insect pests and their control

    17.9 Postharvest handling practices

    17.10 Processing

    17.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 18: Soursop (Annona muricata L.)

    Abstract:

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Fruit growth and ripening

    18.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    18.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    18.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    18.6 Physiological disorders

    18.7 Pathological disorders

    18.8 Postharvest handling practices

    18.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 19: Star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito L.)

    Abstract:

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    19.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    19.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    19.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    19.6 Physiological disorders

    19.7 Pathological disorders

    19.8 Insect pests and their control

    19.9 Postharvest handling practices

    19.10 Processing

    19.11 Conclusions

    Chapter 20: Sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.) and atemoya (A. cherimola Mill. × A. squamosa L.)

    Abstract:

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    20.3 Maturity

    20.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    20.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    20.6 Physiological disorders

    20.7 Diseases, insect pests and their control

    20.8 Postharvest handling practices

    20.9 Processing

    20.10 Conclusions

    20.11 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 21: Tamarillo (Solanum betaceum (Cav.))

    Abstract:

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    21.3 Postharvest physiology and quality

    21.4 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    21.5 Crop losses

    21.6 Processing

    21.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 22: Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.)

    Abstract:

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Fruit growth and ripening

    22.3 Maturity and quality components and indices

    22.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    22.5 Diseases and pests and their control

    22.6 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    22.7 Postharvest handling practices

    22.8 Processing

    22.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 23: Wax apple (Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. and L.M. Perry) and related species

    Abstract:

    23.1 Introduction

    Chapter 24: White sapote (Casimiroa edulis Llave & Lex)

    Abstract:

    24.1 Introduction

    24.2 Fruit development and postharvest physiology

    24.3 Maturation and quality components and indices

    24.4 Preharvest factors affecting fruit quality

    24.5 Postharvest handling factors affecting quality

    24.6 Physiological disorders

    24.7 Pathological disorders

    24.8 Insect pests and their control

    24.9 Postharvest handling practices

    24.10 Processing

    24.11 Conclusions

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 536
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: June 30, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090904
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857092618

About the Editor

E Yahia

Elhadi Yahia is a Professor in the Faculty of Natural Sciences at the Autonomous University of Querétaro, Mexico, and is a consultant to several organizations including the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Logistics Organization (WFLO), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Affiliations and Expertise

Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro, Mexico

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