Population Patterns in the Past

Population Patterns in the Past

1st Edition - January 28, 1977

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  • Editor: Ronald Demos Lee
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270197

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Description

Population Patterns in the Past focuses on the study of historical populations. This book presents methods for the exploitation and use of aggregate data for demographic inference, facilitating the development and testing of hypotheses with socioeconomic content through advances in the use of demographic time-series. The topics discussed include homeostatic demographic regime; peasant household organization and demographic change in lower Saxony; civil code and nuptiality; and primonuptiality and ultimonuptiality. The deaths, marriages, births, and the Tuscan economy; influence of economic and social variables on marriage and fertility in 18th and 19th century Japanese villages; and childbearing and land availability are also elaborated. This text also covers the American fertility patterns since the civil war; a repertory of stable populations; and methods and models for analyzing historical series of births, deaths, and marriages. This publication is recommended for demographists, historians, and sociologists in charge of analyzing behavioral models in historical demography.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Introduction

    Theories and Hypotheses

    Discussion of the Chapters

    Conclusion

    References

    Introductory Bibliography for Historical Population Studies

    A Homeostatic Demographic Regime: Patterns in West European Family Reconstitution Studies

    Descriptive Summary

    Validity of Reconstitution Results

    Explaining Variation: Two Preliminary Approaches

    Nuptiality, Marital Fertility, and Completed Family Size

    Fertility, Nuptiality, and Mortality

    Village Size, Seasonality of Conception, and the Homeostatic Hypothesis

    Summary

    Appendix

    References

    Peasant Household Organization and Demographic Change in Lower Saxony (1689-1766)

    The Civil Code and Nuptiality: Empirical Investigation of a Hypothesis

    Nuptiality

    Inheritance

    The Approach

    The Development of the Model

    Tests of the Model

    Changes in Inheritance Practices and the Effect of Alternate Measures

    Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Primonuptiality and Ultimonuptiality: Their Effects on Stem-Family-Household Frequencies

    Deaths, Marriages, Births, and the Tuscan Economy (CA. 1300-1550)

    Registrations

    Surveys

    Residential Environment

    Social Environment

    Deaths and Marriages

    Deaths and Births

    Deaths and Deaths

    Hearths

    Reflections

    References

    The Influence of Economic and Social Variables on Marriage and Fertility in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Japanese Villages

    Evidence of Efforts to Control Family Size

    Birth Control through Abortion and Infanticide

    Population Control through the Regulation of Marriage

    The Effect of Famines on Fertility

    The Influence of Village and Family Economic Conditions on Fertility in Fujito

    Conclusion

    References

    Childbearing and Land Availability: Some Evidence from Individual Household Data

    Models of Childbearing in Relation to Land Abundance

    The Upper Canada Farm Sample—1861

    Childbearing in Old and New Areas

    A Regression Analysis of Childbearing in Relation to Land Availability and Recency of Settlement

    References

    American Fertility Patterns Since the Civil War

    Income, Costs, and Tastes

    The Data

    Cross-Sectional Influences on Fertility and Marriage: An Overview

    The Postwar Baby Boom and Bust

    The Not-So-Puzzling 1920s

    The Steady Decline: 1860-1935

    Conclusion

    Appendix: Definitions of Variables Used in Regressions in Tables 1-4

    References

    Who Chose the Cities? Migrants to Moscow and St. Petersburg Cities in the Late Nineteenth Century

    European Russia in the Nineteenth Century as a Modernizing Society

    Selectivity of Migrants

    Migration to Moscow or St. Petersburg, 1897

    Distribution of Migrants Between Moscow and St. Petersburg

    Conclusions

    References

    A Repertory of Stable Populations

    Can Anything Be Said About Demographic Trends When Only Aggregate Vital Statistics Are Available?

    1. The Problem

    2. An Indicator of the Timing of Marriage

    3. An Indicator of the Proportion Remaining Single

    4. An Estimate of Mortality Before Marriage

    5. Estimating the Number of Children per Marriage

    6. Conclusion

    References

    Methods and Models for Analyzing Historical Series of Births, Deaths, and Marriages

    1. Introduction and Summary

    2. Random and Systematic Variation in Parish Populations

    3. The Basic Demographic Model

    4. Estimating Vital Rates and Age Structures from Parish Data Series

    5. The 30-Year Wave in Baptism Series

    6. Malthusian Oscillations

    7. The Relation of Births to Deaths: Empirical Estimates

    8. Demographic Interactions of Births and Deaths

    9. Biological Links of Births and Deaths

    10. Voluntary and Institutional Links of Births and Deaths

    11. Prices, Climate, and Vital Rates

    Appendix 1: Mathematical Derivation of the Demographic Interactions

    Appendix 2: Spectral Procedures Used in This Chapter

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 388
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1977
  • Published: January 28, 1977
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270197

About the Editor

Ronald Demos Lee

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