1st Edition

Environmental Aspects of a Common Plastic


  • W. Tötsch
  • H. Gaensslen
  • M. Sordo
    • Print ISBN 9781851667741


    This book is a translation from German and is based on research carried out at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems Technology and Innovations Research at the request of the Research Centre Julich into the processing and recycling of PVC. It describes the manufacturing of the constituent elements of PVC – chlorine, ethylene, acetylene, vinyl chloride and so on, then goes on to consider emissions and by–products caused by PVC manufacture such as mercury. Further chapters cover processing, wastes and residues and the recycling of PVC. Although it is primarily based on the German experience of PVC manufacture, this book will be of interest to Polymer scientists (and particularly those concerned with its environmental consequences) wherever PVC is manufactured or processed.

    Table of Contents

    1. Introduction. 1.1. Production and retention within the country. 1.2. Product range. References. 2. Manufacture of Polyvinyl Chloride. 2.1. Manufacture of chlorine. 2.1.1. Production, plant capacities and by–products. 2.1.2. Chlorine production by the amalgam process. 2.1.3. Chlorine production by the diaphragm process. 2.1.4. Chlorine production by the membrane process. 2.2. Manufacture of ethylene. 2.3. Manufacture of acetylene. 2.4. Manufacture of vinyl chloride [VCM]. 2.4.1. Production and plant capacities. 2.4.2. Manufacture of vinyl chloride from ethylene and chlorine. 2.4.3. Manufacture of VCM from acetylene. 2.5. Polymerization of vinyl chloride. 2.5.1. Production and plant capacities. 2.5.2. Suspension polymerization. 2.5.3. Emulsion polymerization. 2.5.4. Mass polymerization. References. 3. Emissions Caused by the Manufacture of Polyvinyl Chloride. 3.1. Mercury. 3.2. Chlorine. 3.3. 1,2–dichloroethane [EDC]. 3.3. Vinyl chloride. 3.4. Emissions into effluent. 3.5. By–products in the manufacture of vinyl chloride. 3.6. PVC dust emissions. 3.7. Ecobalance data [life cycle analysis]. References. 4. Processing of Polyvinyl Chloride. 4.1. Processing methods. 4.2. Composition of PVC compounds. 4.2.1. PVC types. 4.2.2. Additives. 4.3. Emissions in processing. 4.4. Examples of PVC products. 4.4.1. Window profiles. 4.4.2. Floor coverings from polyvinyl chloride. References. 5. Polyvinyl Chloride in Waste. 5.1. Occurrence of PVC residues. 5.2. Waste occurring in manufacturing industry. 5.3. Scrap occurring in domestic refuse. 5.4. Contribution of PVC to the harmful substances content of municipal waste. References. 6. Recycling of PVC Waste. 6.1. Introduction. 6.2. Single material PVC residues. 6.3. Solvent extraction. 6.4. Separation of mixed plastics scrap. 6.5. Recycling of mixed plastics scrap without separation. 6.6. Pyrolysis of PVC containi


    © 1992
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