Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

1st Edition

Editors: Ronald Ross Watson Victor Preedy Sherma Zibadi
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123984562
eBook ISBN: 9780123984678
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 19th November 2013
Page Count: 1488
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Description

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more.

Key Features

  • Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care
  • Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications
  • Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Readership

Nutritionists, dieticians, and clinical researchers interested in how the mechanisms of polyphenols contribute to the prevention and treatment of disease

Table of Contents

About the Editors

List of Contributors

Preface

Acknowledgments

Volume 1: Polyphenols in Chronic Diseases and their Mechanisms of Action

 

Section 1: Overview of Polyphenols and Health

Chapter 1. Polyphenols in Foods and Dietary Supplements: Role in Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

1 Animal Models and Potential Medicinal Uses of Polyphenols

2 Companion Animals

3 Produce Animals

4 Conclusion

References

Chapter 2. Polyphenols and Public Health

1 Introduction

2 Polyphenol Content and Sources: Role in Health and Nutrition

3 Epidemiology of Polyphenols

4 Application of Polyphenols in Health Promotion

5 Governmental Regulations: Dietary Reference Intake

6 Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 3. The History of Islamic Medicine at a Glance

1 Introduction

2 History of Islamic Medicine in the East Section of the Geographic Extent of the Islamic Civilization

3 History of Islamic Medicine in the West Section of the Geographic Extent of the Islamic Civilization

4 History of the Hospitals in the Islamic Civilization

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 4. Polyphenols and Their Formulations: Different Strategies to Overcome the Drawbacks Associated with Their Poor Stability and Bioavailability

1 Introduction

2 Stability of Polyphenols: Formulation Approaches

3 Bioavailability of Polyphenols

4 Conclusions

References

Chapter 5. Biological Activities of Polyphenols from Grapes

1 Introduction

2 The Distribution and Occurrence of Different Types of Phenolic Compounds in Grape

3 Bioactivities of Phenolic Compounds from Grape

4 Bioavailability

5 Potential Toxicity

6 Conclusion

References

Chapter 6. The Atomic Level Interaction of Polyphenols wit

Details

No. of pages:
1488
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780123984678
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123984562

About the Editor

Ronald Ross Watson

Ronald Ross Watson PhD is a professor of Health Promotion Sciences in the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. He was one of the founding members of this school serving the mountain west of the USA. He is a professor of Family and Community Medicine in the School of Medicine at the University of Arizona. He began his research in public health at the Harvard School of Public Health as a fellow in 1971 doing field work on vaccines in Saudi Arabia. He has done clinical studies in Colombia, Iran, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and USA which provides a broad international view of public health. He has served in the military reserve hospital for 17 years with extensive training in medical responses to disasters as the chief biochemistry officer of a general hospital, retiring at a Lt. Colonel. He published 450 papers, and presently directs or has directed several NIH funded biomedical grants relating to alcohol and disease particularly immune function and cardiovascular effects including studying complementary and alternative medicines. Professor Ronald Ross Watson was Director of a National Institutes of Health funded Alcohol Research Center for 5 years. The main goal of the Center was to understand the role of ethanol-induced immunosuppression on immune function and disease resistance in animals. He is an internationally recognized alcohol-researcher, nutritionist and immunologist. He also initiated and directed other NIH-associated work at The University of Arizona, College of Medicine. Dr. Watson has funding from companies and non-profit foundations to study bioactive foods’ components in health promotion. Professor Watson attended the University of Idaho, but graduated from Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, with a degree in Chemistry in 1966. He completed his Ph.D. degree in 1971 in Biochemistry from Michigan State University. His postdoctoral schooling was completed at the Harvard School of Public Health in Nutrition and Micro

Affiliations and Expertise

Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

Victor Preedy

Victor R. Preedy BSc, PhD, DSc, FRSB, FRSPH, FRCPath, FRSC is a senior member of King's College London. He is also Director of the Genomics Centre and a member of the Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine. Professor Preedy has longstanding academic interests in substance misuse especially in relation to health and well being. He is a member of the Editorial Board of Drug and Alcohol Dependence and a founding member of the Editorial Board of Addiction Biology. In his career Professor Preedy was Reader at the Addictive Behaviour Centre at The University of Roehampton, and also Reader at the School of Pharmacy (now part of University College London; UCL). Professor Preedy is Editor of the influential works The Handbook Of Alcohol Related Pathology, The Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse and The Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies (all published by Academic Press-Elsevier). Professor Preedy graduated in 1974 with an Honours Degree in Biology and Physiology with Pharmacology. He gained his University of London PhD in 1981. In 1992, he received his Membership of the Royal College of Pathologists and in 1993 he gained his second doctoral degree (DSc). Professor Preedy was elected as a Fellow of the Institute of Biology in 1995 and also as a Fellow to the Royal College of Pathologists in 2000. He was then elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health (2004) and The Royal Institute of Public Health and Hygiene (2004). In 2009, Professor Preedy became a Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health and in 2012 a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. To his credit, Professor Preedy has published over 600 articles, which includes peer-reviewed manuscripts based on original research, abstracts and symposium presentations, reviews and numerous books and volumes.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Dietetics, King's College London, UK

Sherma Zibadi

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Research Associate of Public Health, Department of Pathology, University of South Florida Medical School, Tampa, USA