Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Degradation

1st Edition

Print ISBN: 9780128103593
eBook ISBN: 9780123869562
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 14th September 2011
Page Count: 472
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For full market implementation of PEM fuel cells to become a reality, two main limiting technical issues must be overcome-cost and durability. This cutting-edge volume directly addresses the state-of-the-art advances in durability within every fuel cell stack component. Designed to be relevant to the professional community in addition to researchers, this book will serve as a valuable reference featuring topics covered nowhere else and a one-stop-shop to create a solid platform for understanding this important area of development. The reference covers aspects of durability in the entire fuel cell stack. Each chapter also includes vision of pathways forward and an explanation of the tools needed to continue along the path toward commercialization.

Key Features

  • Features expert insights from contributing authors who are key industrial and academic leaders in the field
  • Includes coverage of two key topics in the field- Testing and Protocol for Durability, and Computational Modeling Aspects of PEFC Durability- which are newly emerging, pivotally important subjects not systematically covered anywhere else
  • Undertakes aspects of durability across the entire fuel stack, from membranes to bipolar plates


Engineers and Researchers in the Fuel Cell Industry, including Energy, Chemical, Mechanical, and Electrical Engineers, and Materials Scientists working on Fuel Cell applications in the Power, Consumer Electronics, Military, Aerospace, and Automotive sectors; Government Policy Makers; Engineering Students.

Table of Contents


1. Durability of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

1 Background

2 Durability Targets for PEFC Technology

3 Concluding Remarks

Acronyms and Abbreviations

2. Membrane Durability

1 Introduction

2 Chemical Degradation

3 Mechanical Degradation

4 Combined Chemical and Mechanical Degradation

5 Membrane Shorting

6 Summary and Future Challenges



3. Electrochemical Degradation

1 Introduction

2 Significant Literature

3 Experimental Set-up and Diagnostic Techniques

4 Results and Discussion

5 Summary and Future Challenges



4. Gas Diffusion Media and their Degradation

1 Introduction

2 Fabrication of Woven and Non-Woven GDLS

3 Manufacturers of GDLs

4 GDL Properties and their Characterization

5 The Degradation Mechanisms of GDLS

6 Conclusions

5. Bipolar Plate Durability and Challenges

1 Introduction

2 Literature survey of metallic bipolar plate technology

3 Methods and Approaches

4 Results and Discussion

5 Summary

6. Freeze Damage to Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

1 Introduction

2 Computational Model Efforts

3 Modes of Degradation

4 Methods of Freeze Damage Mitigation

5 Summary and Future Outlook


7. Experimental Diagnostics and Durability Testing Protocols

1 Introduction

2 General Comments on Diagnostic Test Procedures

3 Polarization-change Curve

4 Isolating the Components Responsible for Performance Loss

5 Accelerated Test Protocols

Nomenclature and Abbreviations



8. Advanced High Resolution Characterization Techniques for Degradation Studies in Fuel Cells

1 Introduction

2 Optical Visualization

3 Neutron Imaging


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© Academic Press 2012
Academic Press
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"Now that fuel cells are in commercial production<-->in the rest of the world if not in the US<-->one of the questions that remain is the long-term durability of fuel cell systems. Here researchers review the current understanding of the durability of polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Among their topics are the status and targets of durability, electrochemical degradation: electrocatalyst and support durability, gas diffusion media and their degradation, freeze damage, advanced high-resolution characterization techniques for degradation studies, and computational modeling aspects. Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier."--Reference and Research Book News, October 2012