Polymer Blends Volume 1

Polymer Blends Volume 1

1st Edition - October 28, 1978

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  • Author: Donald R Paul
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138895

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Description

Polymer Blends, Volume 1 highlights the importance of polymer blends as a major new branch of macromolecular science. Topics range from polymer-polymer compatibility and the statistical thermodynamics of polymer blends to the phase separation behavior of polymer-polymer mixtures, transport phenomena in polymer blends, and mechanical properties of multiphase polymer blends. The optical behavior, solid state transition behavior, and rheology of polymer blends are also discussed. This book is organized into 10 chapters and begins with an overview of polymer blends, with emphasis on terminology and the effect of molecular weight on the thermodynamics of polymer blends as well as phase equilibria and transitions. The discussion then turns to the miscibility of homopolymers and copolymers, in bulk and in solution, from the experimental and theoretical viewpoints. The chapters that follow explore the statistical thermodynamics of polymer blends, paying particular attention to the Flory and lattice fluid theories, along with the phase relationship in polymer mixtures. The interfacial energy, structure, and adhesion between polymers in relation to the properties of polymer blends are considered. The final chapter examines the phenomena of low molecular weight penetrant transport. Currently accepted models for unsteady-state and steady-state permeation of polymeric materials are presented. A discussion of unsteady-state absorption and desorption behavior observed in a variety of polymer blends complements the treatment of permeation behavior. This book is intended to provide academic and industrial research scientists and technologists with a broad background in current principles and practice concerning mixed polymer systems.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume 2

    Chapter 1 Background and Perspective

    Terminology

    Effect of Molecular Weight

    Miscibility through Specific Interactions

    Phase Equilibria and Transitions

    Phase Morphology

    Applications

    References

    Chapter 2 Polymer-Polymer Compatibility

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Aspects

    III. Experimental Data

    IV. Prediction Schemes for Polymer-Polymer Compatibility

    References

    Chapter 3 Statistical Thermodynamics of Polymer Blends

    I. Introduction

    II. Flory Theory

    III. Lattice Fluid

    IV. Predicting Polymer Blend Compatibility

    References

    Chapter 4 Phase Separation Behavior of Polymer-Polymer Mixtures

    I. Introduction

    II. Upper and Lower Critical Solution Temperatures

    III. Phase Separation

    IV. Experiment

    V. Results

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 5 Solid State Transition Behavior of Blends

    I. Criteria for Miscibility

    II. Measurements of the Glass Transition Temperature in Polyblends

    III. Limitations on the Use of Glass Transition Temperatures as a Criterion for Blend Compatibility

    IV. Solid State Transition Behavior of Poly(2,6-Dimethylphenylene Oxide)-Polystyrene Blends

    V. Solid State Transition Behavior of PPO-Polychlorostyrene Blends

    VI. Unsolved Problems

    VII. Commercial Blends of PPO-Polystyrene: Noryl

    References

    Chapter 6 Interfacial Energy, Structure, and Adhesion between Polymers

    I. Introduction

    II. Surface Tension

    III. Interfacial Tension

    IV. Adhesion between Polymers

    V. Summary

    References

    Chapter 7 Rheology of Polymer Blends and Dispersions

    I. Introduction

    II. Flow Behavior of Viscoelastic Fluids

    III. Cocurrent Flow of Two Fluids

    IV. Rheological Behavior of Suspensions of Rigid Axisymmetric Particles in Viscoelastic Fluids

    V. Rheological Behavior of Suspensions of Deformable Droplets

    VI. Rheology of Filled Polymers

    VII. Rheology of Polymer Blends

    VIII. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 8 Mechanical Properties (Small Deformations) of Multiphase Polymer Blends

    I. Introduction

    II. Background

    III. Modulus-Composition Dependence

    IV. Temperature Dependence of Composite Modulus

    V. Time-Temperature Dependence

    References

    Chapter 9 Optical Behavior of Polymer Blends

    I. Introduction

    II. Interaction of Radiation with Polymers

    III. The Transparency and Scattering of Blends

    IV. Other Optical Properties of Blends

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 10 Transport Phenomena in Polymer Blends

    I. Introduction

    II. Permeation through Multiphase (Heterogeneous) Polymeric Systems

    III. Sorption of Vapors and Liquids in Polymer Blends

    IV. Membranes Prepared from Polymer Blends

    V. Summary

    References

    Appendix Conversion Factors to SI Units

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 501
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: October 28, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323138895

About the Author

Donald R Paul

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