Polycrystalline And Amorphous Thin Films And Devices

Polycrystalline And Amorphous Thin Films And Devices

1st Edition - August 28, 1980

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  • Editor: Lawrence Kazmerski
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156042

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Polycrystalline and Amorphous Thin Films and Devices is a compilation of papers that discusses the electronic, optical, and physical properties of thin material layers and films. This compilation reviews the different applications of thin films of various materials used as protective and optical coatings, thermal transfer layers, and selective membranes from submicron- area VLSI memory units to large-area energy conservation devices. Some papers discuss the basic properties, such as growth, structure, electrical, and optical mechanisms that are encountered in amorphous and polycrystalline thin semiconductor films. For example, experiments on electronic structure of dislocations have led to a model for the intrinsic properties of grain boundaries in polycrystalline semiconductor thin films that can have an impact on the designs of high-efficiency, thin-film solar cells. Other papers review the problems encountered in these thin layers in active semiconductor devices and passive technologies. Techniques in film growth and control variables of source, substrate temperature, and substrate properties will determine the successful performance of the devices installed with these thin film layers. This compilation can prove valuable for chemists, materials engineers, industrial technologists, and researchers in thin-film technology.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1 Growth and Structure of Amorphous and Polycrystalline Thin Films

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Review of Amorphous and Polycrystalline States

    1.3 Quenching Process Interactions

    1.4 Growth of Amorphous and Polycrystalline Thin Films

    1.5 Cluster Model Applied to Si and Amorphous Si:Η Alloys

    1.6 Cluster Model Applied to III-V Compounds


    2 Electrical and Optical Properties of Amorphous Thin Films

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Structure

    2.3 Localization

    2.4 Electrical Transport Properties

    2.5 Optical Properties

    2.6 Summary and Conclusions


    3 Electrical Properties of Polycrystalline Semiconductor Thin Films

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Transport in Thin Crystalline Films

    3.3 Transport in Polycrystalline Films


    4 Optical Properties of Polycrystalline Semiconductor Films

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Experimental Techniques for Determining Optical Constants

    4.3 Models of the Optical Properties of a Polycrystalline Semiconductor

    4.4 Conclusions


    5 The Electronic Structure of Grain Boundaries in Polycrystalline Semiconductor Thin Films

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Internal Boundaries, Electronic Structure, and Electronic Transport

    5.3 Grain Boundary Effects in Polycrystalline Thin-Film Devices

    5.4 Measurement of Grain Boundary Structures

    5.5 Grain Boundary Passivation

    5.6 Conclusions


    6 Amorphous Thin-Film Devices

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Historical Review of Amorphous Semiconductor Devices

    6.3 Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon

    6.4 Thin-Film Devices


    7 Industrial Applications of Polycrystalline Thin-Film Devices

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Transistors

    7.3 Diodes

    7.4 Photoconductors

    7.5 Luminescent Thin Films

    7.6 Future Expectations


    8 Thin-Film Photovoltaic Devices

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Material and Structural Characteristics Affecting Cell Performance

    8.3 Optical Properties

    8.4 Electrical Properties

    8.5 Optimal Cell Design Considerations

    8.6 Recent Results

    8.7 Conclusions


    9 Applications of Passive Thin Films

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Solar Energy Conversion Devices

    9.3 Optical Films

    9.4 Protective Coatings

    9.5 Special Surface Energies

    9.6 Membranes

    9.7 Conclusion


    Bibliography of Thin-Film Books


Product details

  • No. of pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: August 28, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323156042

About the Editor

Lawrence Kazmerski

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