Pollution Control for Agriculture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124552609, 9780323152280

Pollution Control for Agriculture

1st Edition

Authors: Raymond Loehr
eBook ISBN: 9780323152280
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1977
Page Count: 398
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Description

Pollution Control for Agriculture is a substantial revision of the ""Agricultural Waste Management"" book that discusses the implications and possible management systems for crop production. This 14-chapter text also provides the basic information needed to understand the concern on pollution from agricultural wastes. Agricultural wastes are defined as the excesses and residues from the growing and first processing of raw agricultural products, such as fruits, vegetables, meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products.
The introductory chapters deal with the influence of legal constraints and changing agricultural practices on the environmental problems associated with agricultural production. The following chapter focuses on the characteristics of food processing wastes and animal wastes. The remaining chapters are devoted to the fundamentals, principles, and benefits of various waste management processes and treatment systems, including biological and biochemical processes, ponds and lagoons, oxygen transfer, aerobic, anaerobic, physical and chemical treatments, nitrogen control, and land disposal.
This book is of great value to food agricultural producers, scientists, and engineers who are interested in knowing and applying feasible agricultural waste management concepts and approaches.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 Constraints

Introduction

Legal Constraints

Social Aspects

2 Changing Practices

Introduction

Agricultural Productivity

Labor and Energy

Livestock and Crop Production

Livestock Processing

Fruit and Vegetable Production

Seafood Production

Fertilizer Production

Pesticides

References

3 Environmental Impact

Introduction

Water Quality

Bacteria

Air Quality

References

4 Waste Characteristics

Introduction

Food Processing

Livestock Production

Other Animal and Agricultural Products

References

5 Biological Treatment Fundamentals

Introduction

Biochemical Reactions

Basic Biological Processes

Energy Relationships

Microorganisms

Biochemical Transformations

Nutrient Needs

Oxygen Demand Measurements

Temperature

Process Equations

Notation

References

6 Ponds and Lagoons

Introduction

Oxidation Ponds

Aerobic Ponds

Anaerobic Lagoons

Aerated Lagoons

References

7 Oxygen Transfer

Introduction

Transfer Relationships

Aeration Equipment

References

8 Aerobic Treatment

Introduction

Activated Sludge Processes

Aerobic Digestion

The Oxidation Ditch

Carrousel

Liquid Composting

Rotating Biological Contactor

Trickling Filters

References

9 Anaerobic Treatment

General

Fundamentals

Basic Anaerobic Processes

Application to Agricultural Wastes

References

10 Utilization of Agricultural Wastes

General

Composting

Methane Generation

By-Product Development

Drying and Dehydration

Water Reclamation

Summary

References

11 Land Disposal of Wastes

Introduction

Plant and Crop Relationships

Transformations in the Soil

Fertilizer Applications

Manure Disposal

Liquid Wastes

Agricultural Wastes

Sewage and Sewage Sludges

References

12 Nitrogen Control

Introduction

Opportunities for Nitrogen Control

Nitrification

Denitrification

Algal Systems

Ammonia Stripping

References

13 Physical and Chemical Treatment

Introduction

Disinfection

Chemical Precipitation

Sedimentation

Flotation

Incineration

References

14 Management

Introduction

Governmental Action

Decision Making

Joint Industrial-Municipal Cooperation

Animal Wastes

Food Processing Wastes

Summary

References

Appendix: Characteristics of Agricultural Wastes

Index

Details

No. of pages:
398
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323152280

About the Author

Raymond Loehr