Pollution and the Biological Resources of the Oceans

Pollution and the Biological Resources of the Oceans

1st Edition - September 15, 1982

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  • Author: S.A. Patin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483100395

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Description

Pollution and the Biological Resources of the Oceans discusses the problem of the pollution in the oceans, its effects on marine life, and the precautions observed by different countries and organizations. The book covers topics such as trends and objectives in ecological investigations of pollution; the migration of pollutants in marine ecosystems; the accumulation of pollutants in marine products; and the effects of pollution on marine organisms. The book also covers topics such as the strategies for pollution control - its general features, its different approaches, and the problems it face. An appendix listing the effects of different pollutants on organisms is included . The text is recommended for marine biologists, those working in organizations and agencies that deal with natural resources, and ecotoxicologists, especially those concerned with the effects of pollution on oceans and marine life.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Introduction

    1 Principal Trends and Objectives in Ecological Investigations of Pollution of The World Ocean

    General Situation

    Biogeochemical Investigations

    Marine Ecotoxicology

    Biological Principles of Pollution Control

    Conclusions

    2 General Pollution Patterns of Ecological Zones in The World Ocean

    Features and Tendencies of The Radio-Ecological Situation of the Marine Environment

    Sources and Levels of Chemical Pollution

    Ecological Characteristics of The Global Pollution Zone of the Marine Environment

    Conclusions

    3 Biogeochemical Features of Behavior and Migration of Pollutants in Marine Ecosystems

    Forms of Occurrence of Toxicants in Sea Water 33

    Principal Biogeochemical Features of Toxicants in Seas and Oceans

    Conclusions

    4 Accumulation of Pollutants in Commercial Marine Products

    Introduction

    Radioactive Pollution of Commercial Fishes

    Heavy Metals in Commercial Fishes

    Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Commercial Organisms

    Conclusions

    5 Experimental Methods, Organisms and Tests in Ecotoxicological Investigations

    General Description of Methods and Test Organisms

    Zones, Effects and Criteria of Evaluation of Toxic Effects

    Quantitative Estimation of Toxic Effects

    Ecotoxicological Methods and Tests For Investigating Unicellular Marine Algae and Their Production

    Test Organisms and Methods of Toxicological Investigations On Important Species of Marine Fauna

    Conclusions

    6 Effect of Pollutants On Cultured Unicellular Marine Algae

    Effect of Dissolved Petroleum Products

    Effect of Organochlorine Toxicants

    Effect of Detergents and Petroleum Emulsifiers

    Effect of Heavy Metals and Transition Metals

    Combined Effect of Several Factors

    Conclusions

    7 Ecotoxicological Investigations of Primary Production and of Natural Communities of Marine Phytoplankton

    Effect of Chemical Toxicants On Primary Production in the Baltic Sea

    Effect of Chemical Toxicants On Phytoplankton and Primary Production in The Caspian Sea

    Ecotoxicological Investigations of Phytoplankton in the Mediterranean Sea and in The Red Sea

    Conclusions

    8 Biological Evaluation of The Effect of Chemical Toxicants On Marine Fauna

    Toxicological Investigations On Marine Crustaceans

    Experiments On Polychaeta and Mollusca

    Experiments On Fishes

    Conclusions

    9 General Features of The Effects of The Most Widely Distributed Toxicants On Different Groups of Marine Organisms

    Basic Assumptions

    Biological Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Other Organic Toxicants

    Petroleum and Petroleum Compounds

    Biological Effect of Heavy Metals and Transition Metals

    General Features of The Biological Effects of Toxicants and Size Structure of Inhabitants of The World Ocean

    Conclusions

    10 Biological Consequences of Global Pollution of The Marine Environment

    General Characteristics of Biological and Ecological Effects of Pollution

    'Ecological Targets' of Disturbing Factors in Marine Communities

    Character and Scale of Biological Consequences of Chemical Pollution of The Marine Environment

    Conclusions

    11 Ecotoxicological Control and Biological Norms of Pollutants in the Marine Environment

    System of Marine Ecotoxicological Bio-Assays

    Permissible Levels of Toxicant Concentrations in the Marine Environment

    Conclusions

    12 Ecological Aspects of Protection of The World Ocean From Pollution

    General Problems of Strategy of Pollution Control

    Selected Tasks and Possibilities of Applied Ecology and Toxicology

    General Features and Special Aspects of Bio-Assaying Natural Waters and Sewage Effluents

    Regional Approach To Protection of The Marine Environment From Pollution

    Conclusions

    Postscript

    Appendixes

    1 Effect of Oil On Marine Organisms

    2 Effect of Surfactants (Detergents) On Marine Organisms

    3 Effect of Emulsifiers and Other Surface-Active Compounds Applied in the Control of Oil Spills On Marine Organisms

    4 Effect of DDT, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB) and Other Organochlorine Compounds On Marine Organisms

    5 Effect of Mercury On Marine Organisms

    6 Effect of Copper On Marine Organisms

    7 Effect of Zinc On Marine Organisms

    8 Effect of Lead On Marine Organisms

    9 Effect of Cadmium On Marine Organisms

    References

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 300
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1982
  • Published: September 15, 1982
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483100395

About the Author

S.A. Patin

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