Pollution and Physiology of Marine Organisms

Pollution and Physiology of Marine Organisms

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editors: F. John Vernberg, Winona B. Vernberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268019

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Pollution and Physiology of Marine Organisms is a compendium of papers presented at the symposium on the effects of pollution on the physiological ecology of estuarine and coastal water organisms, held at the University of South Carolina. The collection discusses the effects of a wide variety of toxicants emitted by settlers and factories in the great majority of coastal and estuarine areas on marine organisms. The studies are divided into five sections: heavy metals, pesticides and PCBs, oil and dispersants, synergistic effects of pollutants, and various environmental parameters. Marine biologists, ecologists, environmentalists, biologists, zoologists, and researchers will find the book a good source of insight into the topic.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    Part I. Heavy Metals

    Some Biological Concerns in Heavy Metals Pollution

    Enzyme Responses to Metals in Fish

    Effects of Silver on Oxygen Consumption of Bivalves at Various Salinities

    The Cycling of Zinc in the Newport River Estuary, North Carolina

    Methyl Mercury and Inorganic Mercury: Uptake, Distribution, and Effect on Osmoregulatory Mechanisms in Fishes

    Adaptation of an Estuarine Polychaete to Sediments Containing High Concentrations of Heavy Metals

    Part II. Pesticides and PCBs

    Implications of Pesticide Residues in the Coastal Environment

    Renal Handling of DDA by the Southern Flounder

    Behavioral Effects of Dieldrin upon the Fiddler Crab

    Effects of Organophosphate Pesticides on Adult Oysters (Crassostrea virginica)

    Effects of Exposure to a Subacute Concentration of Parathion on the Interaction between Chemoreception and Water Flow in Fish

    Part III. Oil and Dispersants

    The Sources, Fates and Effects of Oil in the Seas

    Effects of Benzene (a Water-Soluble Component of Crude Oil) on Eggs and Larvae of Pacific Herring and Northern Anchovy

    The Effects of Oil on Estuarine Animals: Toxicity, Uptake and Depuration, Respiration

    The Acute Effects of Empire Mix Crude Oil on Enzymes in Oysters, Shrimp and Mullet

    Hydrocarbons in Shellfish Chronically Exposed to Low Levels of Fuel Oil

    The Effect of Cold Seawater Extracts of Oil Fractions upon the Blue Mussel, Mytilus edulis

    Part IV. General

    Spin-Labeling of Living Tissue—a Method for Investigating Pollutant-Host Interaction

    Part V. Factor Interaction—Synergistic Effects of Pollutants and Various Environmental Parameters

    Multiple Environmental Factor Effects on Physiology and Behavior of the Fiddler Crab

    Some Physiological Consequences of Poly chlorinated Biphenyl- and Salinity-Stress in Penaeid Shrimp

    The Effect of Copper and Cadmium on the Development of Tigriopus japonicus

    Synergistic Effects of Three Heavy Metals on Growth Rates of a Marine Ciliate Protozoan

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 506
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483268019

About the Editors

F. John Vernberg

Winona B. Vernberg

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