Policing in America

7th Edition

Authors: Larry Gaines Victor Kappeler
Paperback ISBN: 9781437734881
Imprint: Anderson
Published Date: 27th July 2011
Page Count: 640


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Policing in America, Seventh Edition, provides an introduction to contemporary police work, as well as an assessment of the current state and future directions of policing. The goals of the book are to provide readers with a better understanding of the complex relationship between police and society, to assist in making informed decisions about the social issues facing the police institution, and to guide officials in their approaches to law enforcement operations and policies. The book contains 13 chapters that cover the following topics: the police in American society; historical development of law enforcement and American policing; organization and development of police personnel systems; police administration; police operations; and the nature of police discretion and the police decision-making process. The book also discusses use of force by police; police personality and culture; police ethics; civil liability; the relationship between the police and the community; and the impact of issues such as globalization, terrorism, and homeland security on the institution of policing.

Key Features

  • Companion mobile app, Policing In America: Exam Cram, won the 2012 PROSE Award for Best eProduct in Social Sciences from the Association of American Publishers
  • Video links provide additional coverage of topics discussed in the text
  • Key concepts, Internet links, charts and tables support the text throughout
  • Equipped with a superior ancillary package, which includes 30 minutes of streaming video


Students in the Criminal Justice Field. Specific class titles include: Police and Police Systems: Introduction to Police Studies: and Police Operations, Police Systems. Also applicable to various Training Academy courses.

Table of Contents

Dedication Acknowledgments Preface 1 The Police in American Society The Government Structure and Policing Constitutional Government Separation of Powers Principles of Federalism Police and the Law Police in the Criminal Justice System The Roles and Functions of Police in Modern Society Roles Performed by the Police Police Activities Styles of Police Departments Diversity of the Police Establishment Federal Law Enforcement Agencies Justice Department Agencies Department of Homeland Security Miscellaneous Federal Law Enforcement Agencies State Law Enforcement Agencies State Police and Highway Patrols Limited-Purpose State Law Enforcement Agencies Local Law Enforcement Agencies Summary References 2 Historical Perspectives An Overview of Policing in Ancient Times The Birth of Civilization in Mesopotamia Civilization in Ancient Egypt The Rise of Greek City-States The Roman Empire’s Contribution to Policing Police Development in England Medieval England Early English Law Enforcement The English Reformers American Policing in Retrospect Early American Policing Policing America: The Modern Era The Political Entrenchment Phase The Reform Efforts Professional Policing Comes to America Public and Community Relations Return to Policing The Community Policing Era The Post-Community Policing Era Summary References 3 Police Human Resources Toward a Theory of Police Selection Affirmative Action and Police Selection Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act Minorities in Policing Women in Policing Recruiting Police Officers Establishing Mini


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About the Author

Larry Gaines

Larry K. Gaines is professor and chair of the Criminal Justice Department at California State University-San Bernardino. He served as the Executive Director of the Kentucky Association of Chiefs of Police for 14 years and has consulted with a variety of police agencies in Kentucky, Ohio, Tennessee, Georgia, and California. Dr. Gaines has served as Secretary Treasurer and President of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. He has received many awards, including the Founders Award from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, the Outstanding Educator Award from the Southern Criminal Justice Association, and the Outstanding Service Award from the Police Section of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. In 2001, he served as a member of the California POST Committee that developed police training curricula for racial profiling.

Affiliations and Expertise

California State University, San Bernardino, USA

Victor Kappeler

Victor E. Kappeler, a former police officer, is a Foundation Professor and Associate Dean of the School of Justice Studies at Eastern Kentucky University. He is recognized as a leading scholar in such fields as policing, media, and the social construction of crime, and police civil liability, among other related fields. Dr. Kappeler continues to provide in-service training for police officers and is well published in professional areas of policing. Among many other honors, Kappeler received the 2006 Cabinet for Justice and Public Safety Award for Academic Excellence and the 2005 Outstanding Criminal Justice Alumnus Award from Sam Houston State University, where he earned his doctoral degree, and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Criminology’s Division on Critical Criminology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Eastern Kentucky University, USA