Polar Lipids - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781630670443, 9781630670450

Polar Lipids

1st Edition

Biology, Chemistry, and Technology

Editors: Moghis Ahmad Xuebing Xu
eBook ISBN: 9781630670450
Hardcover ISBN: 9781630670443
Imprint: Academic Press and AOCS Press
Published Date: 21st October 2015
Page Count: 568
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Description

Polar Lipids is a valuable reference resource providing thorough and comprehensive coverage of different types of polar lipids known to lipid science and industry today. This book covers important applications and utilization of polar lipids, either in the area of food and nutrition, or health and disease.

Each chapter covers chemistry and chemical synthesis, biosynthesis and biological effects, functional and nutritional properties, applications, processing technologies, and future trends of a variety of polar lipids—including glycolipids, ether lipids, phenol lipids, serine phospholipids, omega-3 phospholipids, rice lecithin, palm lecithin, sunflower lecithin, sugar- and protein-based lipids, lysophospholipids,and more.

Key Features

  • Presents new and relatively unexplored polar lipids for researchers to consider to use in food and health applications
  • Includes details on the chemistry and chemical synthesis, biosynthesis and biological effects, functional and nutritional properties, applications, and future trends of a variety of polar lipids
  • Presents the latest analytical techniques for use in polar lipids research, including NMR and Supercritical Fluid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

Readership

food formulators, research and development scientists in food, nutrition, health, and disease fields, researchers in obesity and metabolism, health product/food manufacturers, analytical chemists in these industries

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1: Soybean Lecithin: Food, Industrial Uses, and Other Applications
    • Introduction
    • An Overview of the U.S. Lecithin Industry
    • Commercial Lecithins
    • Manufacture of Soybean Lecithins
    • Commercial Soy-Based Lecithins
    • Other Sources of Lecithin
    • Organic Lecithins
    • Quality Control of Lecithin Products
    • Lecithin Modification in the Patent Literature
    • Food Uses
    • Industrial Uses of Lecithin
    • Miscellaneous Uses of Lecithin
    • Dietary and Nutritional Benefits of Phospholipids
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2: Rice Bran Lecithin: Compositional, Nutritional, and Functional Characteristics
    • Introduction
    • Advantages of Rice Bran Lecithin
    • Global Scenario of Rice and Rice Bran Lecithin
    • Composition and Significance of Rice and Phospholipids
    • Isolation and Compositional Studies on Rice Bran Lipids
    • Production of Rice Bran Lecithin and Lyso Lecithin
    • Physicochemical Characterization of Rice Bran Lecithin and Lyso Lecithin
    • Identification and Isolation of Components in Rice Bran Lecithin and Lyso Lecithin
    • Significance of Nutrients for RBL’s Nutritional and Oxidative Stability Properties
    • Functional and Biological Applications/Properties of Rice Bran Lipids
    • Future Trends and Concluding Remarks
  • Chapter 3: Sunflower Lecithin
    • Introduction
    • Production of Vegetable Lecithins
    • Functional and Nutritional Properties
    • Modification Processes
    • Deoiling
    • Enzymatic Modification
    • Fractionation
    • Phospholipid Composition (31P NMR)
    • Applications
    • Oil-in-Water Emulsions
    • Characterization of Oil-in-Water Emulsions with Sunflower Lecithin
    • Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 4: Palm Phospholipids
    • Introduction
    • Occurrence of Palm Phospholipids
    • Recovery of Palm Phospholipids
    • Functional and Nutritional Properties of Palm Phospholipids
    • Future Trends
  • Chapter 5: Milk and Dairy Polar Lipids: Occurrence, Purification, and Nutritional and Technological Properties
    • Introduction
    • Occurrence of Polar Lipids in Milk and Dairy Products
    • Distribution of PLs during Dairy Processing
    • Isolation and Purification of PLs
    • Health-Beneficial Properties of PLs
    • Technological Properties of PLs
    • Conclusions and Perspectives
  • Chapter 6: Phosphatidylserine: Biology, Technologies, and Applications
    • Introduction
    • Occurrence in Nature
    • Biosynthesis and Metabolism
    • Biological Functions
    • Nutritional Applications
    • Processing Technologies
    • Applications
    • Future Trends
  • Chapter 7: Phenolipids as New Antioxidants: Production, Activity, and Potential Applications
    • Introduction
    • Production Technology of Phenolipids
    • Effect of the Nature of Substrates
    • Effects of Other Parameters
    • Physicochemical and Biological Activity of Phenolipids
    • Potential Applications of Phenolipids
  • Chapter 8: Sugar Fatty Acid Esters
    • Introduction
    • Properties of Sugar Fatty Acid Esters
    • Production of Sugar Fatty Acid Esters
    • Applications of Sugar Fatty Acid Esters
    • Regulatory Status and Toxicological Status of Sugar Fatty Acid Esters
    • Future Perspectives
  • Chapter 9: Production and Utilization of Natural Phospholipids
    • Introduction
    • Occurrence
    • Functional Properties
    • Nutritional Properties
    • Analytical Aspects
    • Processing Technologies
    • Applications
    • Future Trends
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 10: Autoxidation of Plasma Lipids, Generation of Bioactive Products, and Their Biological Relevance
    • Introduction
    • Plasma and Lipoprotein Lipid Composition
    • Total Lipids
    • Biological Oxidation
    • Analysis of Lipid Oxidation Products
    • Physicochemical and Chemical Reactivity of Oxo-Lipids
    • Biological Activity of Oxo-Lipids
    • Detoxification of Reactive Oxo-Lipids and Reversal of Autoxidation
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 11: Lysophospholipids: Advances in Synthesis and Biological Significance
    • Introduction
    • Synthetic Lysophospholipids
    • Sphingosine 1-Phosphate (S1P)
    • Lysophosphatidic Acid (LPA)
    • Lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC)
    • Lysophospholipid G Protein-Coupled Receptors
    • Lysophospholipid Acyltransferase (LPATs)
    • Physiological Significance of LPs
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 12: NMR of Polar Lipids
    • Principles in NMR Spectroscopy
    • NMR Spectroscopy of Complex Lecithin of Several Sources
    • Validation and Round-Robin Tests
    • Oxidation
  • Chapter 13: Polar Lipid Profiling by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Method
    • Introduction
    • Analytical Aspects
    • Processing Technologies
    • Applications
    • Future Trends
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 14: Omega-3 Phospholipids
    • Introduction
    • Phospholipid Molecular Structure
    • Sources of n-3 PLs
    • Structured n-3 PLs
    • Stability of n-3 PLs
    • Digestion, Absorption, and Bioavailability of n-3 PLs
    • Biological Activities of n-3 PLs
    • Endocannabinoid System Affecting of n-3 PLs
    • Nutritional Activity of n-3 PLs
    • Future Perspectives
  • About the Editors
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
568
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press and AOCS Press 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press and AOCS Press
eBook ISBN:
9781630670450
Hardcover ISBN:
9781630670443

About the Editor

Moghis Ahmad

Dr. Moghis U. Ahmad obtained his Ph.D. in Chemistry (1978) from AMU, Aligarh, India; and did post-doctoral research from Texas A & M University, Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics, College Station, Texas, and Oregon State University, Department of Food Science and Technology, Corvallis, Oregon. Dr. Ahmad has extensive experience in basic and applied lipid research and development. He is an expert in the synthesis of lipids and their related products. He has developed and successfully marketed many novel lipid products for the chemical, pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. His research is detailed at great length in more than 60 research publications in peer reviewed journals and book chapters, and in more than 30 patents and patent applications. Most of his contributions remain the company proprietary. He has recently edited two best seller AOCS books, namely Lipids in Nanotechnology (2011) and Polar Lipids: Biology, Chemistry, and Technology (2015). Dr. Ahmad stature is recognized internationally. He is an elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (2011) and AOCS (2014), and the recipient of the prestigious Alton E. Bailey Award (2016) and Stephen S. Chang Award (2017). He chaired the AOCS Phospholipids Division (2009-2011), and is currently a member of the AOCS Books and Special Publication Committee. He also serves the executive committee of the International Lecithin and Phospholipids Society (ILPS). Currently, Dr. Ahmad is Vice President of Chemical Technology & Manufacturing at Jina Pharmaceuticals Inc., Libertyville, Illinois.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chemical Technology and Manufacturing, Jina Pharmaceuticals Inc., Libertyville, IL, USA

Xuebing Xu

Xuebing Xu, is the general manager for Wilmar Global R&D Center. He is also honorary professor in the Faculty of Science and Technology of Aarhus University, Denmark. His research interests include lipid technology, enzyme technology, food functionality, food nanotechnology, biofuel technology, etc. with particular focus on structured lipids, biocatalysis, process technology, phospholipids, ionic liquids, biodiesels, food physics, etc. Xuebing Xu is also associate editor for JAOCS, ad hoc reviewer for more than 150 papers and members of editorial board for journals including EJLST, Open Biotechnology, etc. He has authored more than 200 publications and over 30 book chapters in lipid-related researches.

Affiliations and Expertise

Wilmar Global Research and Development Center, Shanghai, China