Polar Human Biology

Polar Human Biology

The Proceedings of the SCAR/IUPS/IUBS Symposium on Human Biology and Medicine in the Antarctic

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Editors: O. G. Edholm, E. K. E. Gunderson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483165073

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Description

Polar Human Biology documents the proceedings of the SCAR/IUPS/IUBS Symposium on Human Biology and Medicine in the Antarctic held at the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England on September 19-21, 1972. This book compiles review papers of expeditions conducted by several scientists, demonstrating the multidisciplinary aspects of the work carried out in both polar regions. The first portion of the compilation describes the problems encountered by Antarctic expeditions in the 1930s and today, which illustrates the tremendous changes in the way in which Antarctic expeditions operated then and now. Following the review papers, medical and dental aspects are also described, including a brief discussion on microbiology. The final section of this book deals with psychological and behavioral aspects, indicating that the interpretation of physiological studies of the effects of cold on man would be greatly helped by knowledge of the psychological effects of the polar situation. This text is a good reference for students or individuals conducting research on human and marine biology in the Antarctic regions.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Introduction

    Japanese Antarctic Expedition of 1911-12

    Australian Physiological Research in the Antarctic and Subantarctic, with Special Reference to Thermal Stress and Acclimatization

    The Main Trends of Soviet Medical Investigations in Antarctica

    Review of Medical Research Performed in the French Antarctic Territories

    Review of Medical Researches at the Japanese Station (Syowa Base) in the Antarctic

    Medical Problems Encountered in French Antarctic Missions: The Value and Methods of Selection

    Medical Problems Encountered on British Antarctic Expeditions

    Antarctic Epidemiology—A Survey of ANARE Stations 1947-72

    Effects of an Antarctic Environment on Dental Structures and Health

    Effects of a Reduced Sucrose Intake on Dental Plaque in a Group of Men in the Antarctic

    Viruses and Acute Respiratory Infections

    Common Cold Epidemiology in Antarctica

    Respiratory Virus Disease in the Antarctic: Immunological Studies

    Immunoglobulins During South Polar Isolation

    The Role of Catecholamines in Human Acclimatization to Cold: A Study of 24 Men at Casey, Antarctica

    Serum Thyroxine and Triiodithyronine Responses to Cold in Man

    Studies on Metabolism and Nutrition of the Japanese Wintering Group in Antarctica

    Basal Metabolism and Other Physiological Changes in the Antarctic

    Acclimation to Heat in the Antarctic

    Studies on Energy Expenditure in the Antarctic Activity Patterns of the Canadian Eskimo

    Fitness for Arctic Lift: The Cardio-Respiratory Status of the Canadian Eskimo

    Effects of Season and of Sledging on Waking Palmar Sweating

    Experimental Freezing of the Finger: A Review of Studies

    Evaluation of Adaptation to the Polar Environment by Autonomic Nervous System Response

    Antarctic Climate, Clothing and Acclimatization

    The Conceptual Framework of Cold Adaptation

    Polar Summer—A Natural Laboratory for Human Circadian Rhythm Studies of a Simulated Time-Zone Shift and Test of a Potential Chronobiotic (Quiadon)

    Circadian Rhythms in the Eskimo

    On The Character of the Daily Rhythm of Body Temperature of the Subjects at Vostok Station

    Studies on Acclimatization and the Circadian Rhythm Related with the Pattern of Activity in the Antarctic

    An Antarctic Sleep and Dream Laboratory

    Sleep Research in the Antarctic: Why?

    Psychological Studies in Antarctica: A Review

    Selection and Psychological Adjustment of Individuals Living in Small Isolated Groups in the French Antarctic Stations

    Psychological Adjustment at a Small Antarctic Station: An MMPI Study

    Interpersonal Relationships, Job Satisfaction, and Subjective Feelings of Competence: Their Influence upon Adaptation to Antarctic Isolation

    The Adaptation of a Small Group to Life on an Isolated Antarctic Station

    Emotional and Social Adjustment of Recent US Winter-over Parties in Isolated Antarctic Stations

    The Adaptation of New Zealand Research Personnel in the Antarctic

    Antarctica is also a Prime Natural Laboratory for the Behavioral Sciences

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 456
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483165073

About the Editors

O. G. Edholm

E. K. E. Gunderson

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