Polar Human Biology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780433081555, 9781483165073

Polar Human Biology

1st Edition

The Proceedings of the SCAR/IUPS/IUBS Symposium on Human Biology and Medicine in the Antarctic

Editors: O. G. Edholm E. K. E. Gunderson
eBook ISBN: 9781483165073
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 456
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Polar Human Biology documents the proceedings of the SCAR/IUPS/IUBS Symposium on Human Biology and Medicine in the Antarctic held at the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England on September 19-21, 1972. This book compiles review papers of expeditions conducted by several scientists, demonstrating the multidisciplinary aspects of the work carried out in both polar regions. The first portion of the compilation describes the problems encountered by Antarctic expeditions in the 1930s and today, which illustrates the tremendous changes in the way in which Antarctic expeditions operated then and now. Following the review papers, medical and dental aspects are also described, including a brief discussion on microbiology. The final section of this book deals with psychological and behavioral aspects, indicating that the interpretation of physiological studies of the effects of cold on man would be greatly helped by knowledge of the psychological effects of the polar situation. This text is a good reference for students or individuals conducting research on human and marine biology in the Antarctic regions.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors Introduction Japanese Antarctic Expedition of 1911-12 Australian Physiological Research in the Antarctic and Subantarctic, with Special Reference to Thermal Stress and Acclimatization The Main Trends of Soviet Medical Investigations in Antarctica Review of Medical Research Performed in the French Antarctic Territories Review of Medical Researches at the Japanese Station (Syowa Base) in the Antarctic Medical Problems Encountered in French Antarctic Missions: The Value and Methods of Selection Medical Problems Encountered on British Antarctic Expeditions Antarctic Epidemiology—A Survey of ANARE Stations 1947-72 Effects of an Antarctic Environment on Dental Structures and Health Effects of a Reduced Sucrose Intake on Dental Plaque in a Group of Men in the Antarctic Viruses and Acute Respiratory Infections Common Cold Epidemiology in Antarctica Respiratory Virus Disease in the Antarctic: Immunological Studies Immunoglobulins During South Polar Isolation The Role of Catecholamines in Human Acclimatization to Cold: A Study of 24 Men at Casey, Antarctica Serum Thyroxine and Triiodithyronine Responses to Cold in Man Studies on Metabolism and Nutrition of the Japanese Wintering Group in Antarctica Basal Metabolism and Other Physiological Changes in the Antarctic Acclimation to Heat in the Antarctic Studies on Energy Expenditure in the Antarctic Activity Patterns of the Canadian Eskimo Fitness for Arctic Lift: The Cardio-Respiratory Status of the Canadian Eskimo Effects of Season and of Sledging on Waking Palmar Sweating Experimental Freezing of the Finger: A Review of Studies Evaluation of Adaptation to the Polar Environment by Autonomic Nervous System Response Antarctic Climate, Clothing and Acclimatization The Conceptual Framework of Cold Adaptation Polar Summer—A Natural Laboratory for Human Circadian Rhythm Studies of a Simulated Time-Zone Shift and Test of a Potential Chronobiotic (Quiadon) Circadian R


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© Butterworth-Heinemann 1973
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About the Editor

O. G. Edholm

E. K. E. Gunderson

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