Point of Care Ultrasound

Point of Care Ultrasound

2nd Edition - April 26, 2019

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  • Authors: Nilam Soni, Robert Arntfield, Pierre Kory
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323544702
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323544719

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Description

Compact, hand-carried ultrasound devices are revolutionizing how healthcare providers practice medicine in nearly every specialty. The 2nd Edition of this BMA-award-winning text features all-new chapters, a greatly expanded video library, and new review questions to keep you fully up to date with the latest technology and its applications.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title Page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Section 1 Fundamental Principles of Ultrasound
  • 1 Evolution of Point-of-Care Ultrasound
  • Background
  • History
  • Key Considerations
  • Vision
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 2 Ultrasound Physics and Modes
  • Background
  • Principles
  • Resolution
  • Generation of Ultrasound Images
  • Modes
  • Safety
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 3 Transducers
  • Background
  • Transducer Construction
  • Resolution
  • Transducer Types
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 4 Orientation
  • Introduction
  • Transducer Orientation
  • Screen Orientation
  • Operator Orientation
  • Patient Orientation
  • Imaging Planes
  • Needle Orientation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 5 Basic Operation of an Ultrasound Machine
  • Preparation
  • Image Acquisition
  • Postexamination
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 6 Imaging Artifacts
  • Introduction
  • Artifacts of Wave Propagation
  • Artifacts Due to Velocity Errors
  • Artifacts Due to Beam Characteristics
  • Artifacts Due to Wave Attenuation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 2 Lungs and Pleura
  • 7 Overview
  • Background
  • Indications and Applications
  • Limitations
  • Conclusions
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 8 Lung and Pleural Ultrasound Technique
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Diagnostic Exam Protocol
  • Interstitial Syndrome Protocols
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 9 Lung Ultrasound Interpretation
  • Background
  • Image Interpretation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 10 Pleura and Diaphragm
  • Background
  • Pleural Effusion
  • Solid Pleural Pathology
  • Diaphragm
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 11 Lung and Pleural Procedures
  • Background
  • Technique
  • Thoracentesis
  • Chest Tube Placement
  • Medical Thoracoscopy (Pleuroscopy)
  • Transthoracic Biopsy Procedures
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 12 Dyspnea and Pulmonary Embolism
  • Background
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • General Principles
  • Algorithm for Acute Dyspnea
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 3 Heart
  • 13 Overview
  • Background
  • Indications and Applications
  • Literature Review
  • Limitations
  • Training
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 14 Cardiac Ultrasound Technique
  • Background
  • Anatomy: Imaging Windows, Planes, and Views
  • Transducer Movements
  • Point-of-Care Cardiac Ultrasound Exam
  • Parasternal Window
  • Apical Window
  • Subcostal Window
  • Additional Cardiac Views
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 15 Left Ventricular Function
  • Background
  • Left Ventricular Systolic Function
  • Assessment of Left Ventricular Function From Common Views
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 16 Right Ventricular Function
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Assessment of Right Ventricle From Common Views
  • Interpretation of Right Ventricular Size and Function
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 17 Inferior Vena Cava
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Indications and Applications
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 18 Pericardial Effusion
  • Background
  • Image Interpretation
  • Pericardial Effusion Mimickers
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Pericardial Drainage
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 19 Valves
  • Background
  • General Considerations
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Aortic Regurgitation
  • Tricuspid Regurgitation
  • Stenotic Valvular Lesions
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 20 Transesophageal Echocardiography
  • Background
  • Anatomy: Imaging Windows, Planes, and Views
  • Image Acquisition
  • Imaging Protocol
  • Selected Applications
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 21 Hemodynamics
  • Background
  • Doppler Principles
  • Left Ventricular Stroke Volume
  • Assessment of Preload Sensitivity
  • Training
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 22 Hypotension and Shock
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 23 Cardiac Arrest
  • Background
  • Diagnostic Approach
  • Prognosis
  • Technique
  • Protocols and Algorithms
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 4 Abdomen and Pelvis
  • 24 Peritoneal Free Fluid
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Other Pathologies
  • Paracentesis
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 25 Kidneys
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Renal Calculus
  • Renal Cyst
  • Renal Mass
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 26 Bladder
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 27 Gallbladder
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 28 Abdominal Aorta
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 29 First-Trimester Pregnancy
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Clinical Integration of First-Trimester Pelvic Ultrasound
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 30 Second and Third Trimester Pregnancy
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 31 Testicular Ultrasound
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 32 Abdominal Pain
  • Background
  • Unstable Patients
  • Stable Patients
  • Conclusion
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 33 Trauma Ultrasound
  • Background
  • General Principles
  • Special Circumstances
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 5 Vascular System
  • 34 Lower Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Normal and Pathologic Findings
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 35 Upper Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 36 Central Venous Access
  • Background
  • Internal Jugular Vein Catheterization
  • Transverse Versus Longitudinal Approach
  • Subclavian and Axillary Vein Catheterization
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 37 Peripheral Venous Access
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Technique
  • Complications
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 38 Arterial Access
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Technique
  • Complications
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 6 Head and Neck
  • 39 Ocular Ultrasound
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 40 Thyroid Gland
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 41 Lymph Nodes
  • Background
  • Normal Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Lymph Node Biopsy
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 7 Nervous System
  • 42 Peripheral Nerve Blocks
  • Background
  • Indications
  • Needle Orientation
  • Femoral Nerve Block
  • Distal Sciatic Nerve Block
  • Brachial Plexus Nerve Block: Interscalene Approach
  • Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Nerve Block
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 43 Lumbar Puncture
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Technique
  • Lumbar Puncture
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 44 Transcranial Ultrasound
  • Background
  • Anatomy
  • Image Acquisition
  • Image Interpretation
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 8 Soft Tissues and Joints
  • 45 Skin and Soft Tissues
  • Background
  • Image Acquisition
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 46 Joints
  • Background
  • Special Considerations
  • Image Acquisition
  • Pathologic Findings
  • Arthrocentesis
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 9 Pediatrics
  • 47 Pediatrics
  • Background
  • Lungs and Pleura
  • Heart
  • Abdomen and Pelvis
  • Nervous System
  • Procedural Applications
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 48 Neonatology
  • Background
  • Central Catheters
  • Endotracheal Tube Placement
  • Cardiac Ultrasound
  • Lung and Pleural Ultrasound
  • Neurological Ultrasound
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Section 10 Ultrasound Program Management
  • 49 Competence, Credentialing, and Certification
  • Background
  • Definitions
  • Training Standards and Competency-Based Education
  • Certification
  • Initial Credentialing and Privileging
  • Maintenance of Competency
  • Reprivileging
  • Conclusions
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • 50 Equipment, Workflow, and Billing
  • Background
  • Ultrasound Equipment
  • Workflow
  • Billing
  • Medicolegal Issues
  • Review Questions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 546
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2019
  • Published: April 26, 2019
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323544702
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323544719

About the Authors

Nilam Soni

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Medicine, Division of General & Hospital Medicine and Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, University of Texas Health San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas

Robert Arntfield

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine and Division of Critical Care Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada

Pierre Kory

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin

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