Pleasure, Reward, Preference

Pleasure, Reward, Preference

Their Nature, Determinants, and Role in Behavior

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Editors: D. E. Berlyne, K. B. Madsen
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273723

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Description

Pleasure, Reward, Preference: Their Nature, Determinants, and Role in Behavior covers the proceedings of a symposium by the same title, held at the Klarskovgaard Training Institute, near Korsør, Denmark, on June 5-9 1972, organized under the auspices of the Advisory Group on Human Factors of the Scientific Affairs Division of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This book is composed of 11 chapters, and starts with a historical perspective and review of the principal problems related to understanding the principles of pleasure, reward, and preference. The next chapters explore neurophysiological research with animals and the human cognitive phenomena. These topics are followed by discussions of the concept of exploratory choice, verbal judgment, the law of effects and an adaptation-level model for affectivity and perception. The concluding chapters provide examples of behavioristic theories and describe a process model of motivation to understand the complexity of cognition and predictability of behavior. These chapters also tackle the role of pleasure and reward in human motivation and learning, as well as present a metascientific frame of motivation. This text will prove useful to psychologists, behaviorist, and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • Frontispiece

    List of Contributors

    Preface

    Chapter 1 The Vicissitudes of Aplopathematic and Thelematoscopic Pneumatology (or The Hydrography of Hedonism)

    The Hedonistic Tradition

    After the Behaviorist Revolution

    Determinants of Hedonic Value

    Hedonic Factors in Learning

    Aplopathematic and Thelematoscopic Pneumatology?

    References

    Chapter 2 Brain Mechanisms of Reinforcement Learning

    Theories of Reinforcement

    References

    Chapter 3 Psychological Complexity and Preference: A Hedgehog Theory of Behavior

    Why a Hedgehog?

    Psychological Complexity and Preference Theory

    Experimental Studies of Complexity and Preference

    Context for and Some Implication of the Hedgehog

    References

    Chapter 4 Meaning of Perceptual Complexity

    Meaning of Perceptual Complexity

    Information Theory

    Discussion and Conclusions

    Hierarchy

    Interaction

    Summary

    References

    Chapter 5 Exploratory Choice and Verbal Judgment

    Semantic Analysis

    Exploratory Choice

    A Replication Experiment

    Final Discussion

    References

    Chapter 6 Personality and the Law of Effect

    Chapter 7 A Common Model for Affectivity and Perception: An Adaptation-Level Approach

    Adaptation Level and Psychophysical Judgments

    Adaptation Level and Affective Judgments

    Measurement of Affective Responses

    References

    Chapter 8 Acquired Pleasantness and Conditioned Incentives in Verbal Learning

    Introduction

    What Is Being Transferred to P-Paired Syllables?

    When Are P-Paired Syllables Not Learned Faster?

    What Is the Relation of Incentive Value to Pleasantness?

    Conclusions: Conditioned Incentive Value as a Performance Effect

    References

    Chapter 9 Intervening Cognitions in Motivation

    Cognitions Intervening between Stimulus and Response

    Cognitions Intervening between Drive State and Response

    Cognitions Intervening between Performance Outcome (or Consequence) and Subsequent Response

    Cognitions Intervening between Performance Outcome and Consequences

    Motive-Linked Differences in the Reward Value of Money

    References

    Chapter 10 Pleasure and Reward in Human Motivation and Learning

    Pleasure in Its Behavioral Context

    Reward, Successful Outcome, and Human Learning

    References

    Chapter 11 Patterns of Preference and Models of Motivation

    Introduction

    The Frame of Reference

    Patterns of Preferences

    Models of Motivation

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273723

About the Editors

D. E. Berlyne

K. B. Madsen

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