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Developments in Geotectonics, 6: Plate Tectonics focuses on the exposition of the plate-tectonics hypothesis, as well as plate boundaries, stratification, and kinematics. The book first offers information on the rheological stratification of the mantle and kinematics of relative movements. Topics include lithosphere, asthenosphere, kinematics of finite motions, measurements of instantaneous movements, and worldwide kinematic pattern. The text then ponders on movements relative to a frame external to the plates and processes at accreting plate boundaries. Discussions focus on reference frames, paleomagnetic synthesis, creation of oceanic crust, and continental rifts. The publication elaborates on processes at consuming plate boundaries, including sinking plate model, structure of trenches and associated island arcs and cordilleras, and consumption of continent-bearing lithosphere. The text is a valuable source of data for readers interested in plate tectonics.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Definition
Chapter 3: Rheological Stratification of the Mantle
Thermal Structure of the Oceanic Lithosphere
Topographic Expression of the Thermal Structure
Elasticity of the Lithosphere
Depth of the Low-Velocity Zone
Comparison of Oceanic and Continental Lithosphere
Structure and Thickness
The Long-Wavelength Gravity Anomalies and The Upper Mantle
The Lithosphere As A Stress-Guide
The Driving Mechanism
Chapter 4: Kinematics of Relative Movements
On A Plane Earth
On A Spherical Earth
Kinematics of Finite Motions
Theory of Finite Rotations
Evolution of Triple Point Junction
Measurements of Instantaneous Movements
Methods of Measurements of Relative Velocity
Methods of Measurement of Direction of Relative Motion
Calculation of Instantaneous Relative Angular Velocity Between Plates and Estimation of Errors
Present Worldwide Kinematic Pattern
Six-Plate Model: Limitations •
Kinematic Pattern of the Red Sea and East Africa Revisited
Measurements of Finite Movements
Fitting of Past Accreting Plate Boundaries
Use of Fossil Transform Faults
Determination of Kinematic Pattern
Chapter 5: Movements Relative to a Frame External to the Plates . .
"Absolute" Movement Determination
Paleomagnetic Pole Determination
Paleomagnetism In Oceans
Chapter 6: Processes at Accreting Plate Boundaries
Creation and Evolution of Oceanic Lithosphere
Choice of Physical Parameters
Fit To Distribution of Heat Flow and Topography
More Complex Models
The Creation of the Oceanic Crust
Seismic Structure of the Crust
Composition of the Crust
Tectonic Activity at the Boundary
The Rhine Graben As An Example of Continental Rift
Loading By Sediments and Hot Creep
Limit Continental-Oceanic Crust
Chapter 7: Processes at Consuming Plate Boundaries
Sinking Plate Model
Thermal Regime of Sinking Lithospheric Plate
Structure of Trenches and Associated Island Arcs and Cordilleras .
Deep Manifestations: Seismicity
Surface Manifestation Behind Consuming Plate Boundaries
Volcanic and Plutonic Activity
Vertical Tectonics and Accretion of Deformed Sediments Near The Consuming
"Melanges", Ophiolites and Hp/Lt Metamorphism
Plate Accretion Behind Consuming Plate Boundaries: Marginal Basins .
Consumption of Continent-Bearing Lithosphere
Plate Tectonics and Geology
- No. of pages:
- © Elsevier 1973
- 1st January 1973
- Hardcover ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
- Paperback ISBN:
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