Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion Research

Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion Research

1st Edition - January 28, 1981

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  • Editor: Richard D. Gill
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217932

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Description

Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion Research covers the theoretical and experimental aspects of plasma physics and nuclear fusion. The book starts by providing an overview and survey of plasma physics; the theory of the electrodynamics of deformable media and magnetohydrodynamics; and the particle orbit theory. The text also describes the plasma waves; the kinetic theory; the transport theory; and the MHD stability theory. Advanced theories such as microinstabilities, plasma turbulence, anomalous transport theory, and nonlinear laser plasma interaction theory are also considered. The book further tackles the pinch and tokamak confinement devices; the stellarator confinement devices; the mirror devices; and the next generation tokamaks. The text also encompasses the fusion reactor studies; heating; and diagnostics. Physicists and people involved in the study of plasma physics and nuclear fusion will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Section I Introduction

    Chapter 1 Overview and Survey of Plasma Physics

    1.1 History of Plasma Physics

    1.2 Plasma Description

    1.3 Plasma Properties

    1.4 Particular Plasmas

    1.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 2 Nuclear Fusion Research

    2.1 Motivation for Fusion Research

    2.2 Nuclear Physics of Fusion

    2.3 The Containment Problem

    2.4 Magnetic Containment

    2.5 Reactor Problems

    2.6 Conclusions

    References and Additional References

    Chapter 3 Introduction to Plasma Physics

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Debye Screening and Neutrality

    3.3 Coulomb Scattering

    3.4 Plasma Conductivity

    3.5 Electron Runaway

    3.6 High Frequency Response of Plasma

    3.7 Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in a Plasma

    3.8 Magnetic Properties

    3.9 Equilibrium in a Magnetic Field

    3.10 Diffusion across a Magnetic Field

    3.11 Waves

    References and General References

    Section II Theory

    Chapter 4 Magnetohydrodynamics

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The Electrodynamics of Deformable Media

    4.3 Some Consequences of the Electrodynamic Equations

    4.4 Fluid Equations

    4.5 Boundary Conditions

    4.6 Magnetostatic Equations and MHD Equilibria

    References

    Chapter 5 Particle Orbit Theory

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Motion in Constant Uniform Fields

    5.3 Inhomogeneous and Time Varying Fields

    5.4 Adiabatic Invariants

    References

    Chapter 6 Plasma Waves

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Equations of Motion

    6.3 Waves in an Unmagnetized Plasma

    6.4 Waves in a Cold Magnetized Plasma

    6.5 Magnetosonic Waves

    6.6 Waves on Plasma Streams

    References

    Chapter 7 Kinetic Theory

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Equations for the Distribution Functions

    7.3 Near-Equilibrium Plasma

    7.4 Vlasov Equation

    7.5 Collisional Kinetic Equations

    7.6 Fokker-Planck Equation

    7.7 Relaxation Times

    7.9 Ion Acoustic Instability

    7.10 The Bernstein Modes

    References

    Chapter 8 Transport Theory

    8.1 General Information

    8.2 Continuum Equations for a Two-Fluid Plasma

    8.3 Qualitative Derivation of Transport Coefficients

    8.4 Derivation of Transport Coefficients from Kinetic Theory

    8.5 The Onsager Principle

    8.6 Single-Fluid Model

    8.7 Transport Theory for Toroidal Systems

    8.8 Drift Kinetic Equations

    8.9 Solution of the Drift Kinetic Equation

    8.10 Experimental Tests of Transport Theory

    References

    Chapter 9 MHD Stability Theory

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Rayleigh-Taylor Instability

    9.3 Energy Principle

    9.4 Cylindrical Pinch

    9.5 Resistive Instabilities

    9.6 Stability of Tokamaks

    9.7 Instabilities in Tokamaks

    Chapter 10 Plasma Radiation

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Thermal Equilibria

    10.3 Ionization and Recombination Processes which Determine the State of Ionization of Impurities

    10.4 The Steady-State Ionization Balance

    10.5 Time-Dependent Ionization and Recombination

    10.6 Excitation and Spectral Line Intensities

    10.7 Radiation Trapping

    10.8 The Radiated Power Loss for a Plasma in Steady-State Ionization Balance

    References

    SECTION III Advanced Theory

    Chapter 11 Microinstabilities

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 The Drift Wave Dispersion Equation and a Physical Picture of a Drift Wave

    11.3 Dissipative Mechanisms giving Instability

    11.4 Radial Localization and Stabilization by Shear

    References

    Chapter 12 Plasma Turbulence

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Quasi-Linear Theory

    12.3 Nonlinear Theories

    References

    Chapter 13 Anomalous Transport Theory

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Quasi linear Theory

    13.3 Upper Limit on the Wave Amplitude

    13.4 Analytic Estimates of the Saturation Level

    13.5 Physical Processes Described by Quasi linear Theory

    13.6 Dupree-Type Theories

    13.7 Effect of Magnetic Field Fluctuations

    13.8 Comparison of Theory and Experiment

    13.9 1-D Computations

    13.10 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14 Nonlinear Laser Plasma Interaction Theory

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 General Discussion of Parametric Instability

    14.3 Qualitative Description of Parametric Instabilities in an Unmagnetised Plasma

    14.4 Quantitative Description of Parametric Instabilities

    14.5 Inhomogeneous Plasma

    14.6 Modulational Instabilities and Four Wave Interactions

    14.7 Filamentation

    14.8 The Langmuir Modulation Instability and Langmuir Turbulence

    14.9 Resonance Absorption

    14.10 Conclusion

    References

    Additional General References

    Section IV Experimental Devices

    Chapter 15 Pinch and Tokamak Confinement Devices

    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Magnetic Confinement

    15.3 Toroidal Confinement Systems

    15.4 Stability

    15.5 Technology of Toroidal Confinement Systems

    15.6 Progress in Tokamak Experiments

    15.7 Additional Heating

    15.8 Plasma Fuelling

    15.9 Impurity Control

    15.10 Screw Pinches and Belt Pinches

    15.11 Reverse Field Pinches

    15.12 Future Devices

    15.13 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 16 Stellarator Confinement Devices

    16.1 Basic Background

    16.2 Magnetic Topology

    16.3 Stellarator Equilibrium

    16.4 Stellarator Stability

    16.5 Experiments — Historical

    16.6 Experiments — Recent Results

    16.7 Other Forms of Plasma Production and Heating

    16.8 Reactor Possibilities

    16.9 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 17 Mirror Devices

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Mirror Confinement

    17.3 Mirror Instabilities and Minimum B

    17.4 Micro-Instabilities

    17.5 Classical Diffusion Losses

    17.6 The Tandem Concept

    17.7 On the Possibility of a Mirror Reactor

    17.8 Further Reading

    References

    Chapter 18 The Next Generation Tokamaks

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 The Status of Tokamak Research

    18.3 Tokamak Subsystems — Design Considerations

    18.4 The Next Generation

    Reference

    Chapter 19 Fusion Reactor Studies

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Types of Reactor Studies

    19.3 The Objectives of Reactor Studies

    19.4 Description of Reactor Designs

    19.5 Assessments of Fusion Reactors

    19.6 Conclusion

    References

    Section V Heating and Diagnostics

    Chapter 20 Neutral Injection Heating

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Neutral Injection Heating

    20.3 The Neutral Injection System

    20.4 Results

    20.5 Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 21 The Theory of Radio Frequency Plasma Heating

    21.1 Introduction

    21.2 Non-Oscillatory and Low-Frequency Schemes

    21.3 High-Frequency Waves — Propagation and Absorption

    21.4 Specific Heating Schemes

    21.5 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 22 Radio Frequency Plasma Heating Experiments

    22.1 Introduction

    22.2 Transit Time Magnetic Pumping

    22.3 Heating in the Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies

    22.4 Lower Hybrid Resonance Heating

    22.5 Electron Cyclotron Resonance Heating

    22.6 RF Current Drive

    22.7 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 23 Plasma Diagnostics Using Lasers

    23.1 Introduction

    23.2 Laser Interferometry for Electron Density Measurements

    23.3 Thomson Scattering for Electron Temperature, Density and Ion Temperature Measurements

    References

    Chapter 24 X-Ray and PArticle Diagnostics

    24.1 X-ray Continuum Measurements

    24.2 X-ray Pinhole Techniques

    24.3 Runaway Electrons

    24.4 Neutron Diagnostic Methods

    24.5 Ion Temperature Measurements using Charge-Exchange

    References

    Additional General References

    Section VI Further Topics

    Chapter 25 Inertial Confinement

    25.1 Fusion in Inertially Confined Plasmas

    25.2 Hydrodynamic Compression

    25.3 Degeneracy

    25.4 Rayleigh-Taylor Instability

    25.5 Ablation Pressure

    25.6 Ablation Driving Mechanisms

    25.7 Laser Compression

    25.8 Spheres and Shells

    25.9 Laser-Plasma Coupling

    25.10 Profile Modification

    25.11 Flux Limitation

    25.12 Effects of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability

    25.13 Laser Fusion-Efficiency Considerations

    25.14 Exploding Pusher Targets

    25.15 Ablative Compression

    25.16 Laser Considerations

    References

    Chapter 26 Charged Particle Beams

    26.1 Introduction

    26.2 Charged Particle Optics

    26.3 The Emittance Concept

    26.4 The Effect of Self-Fields

    26.5 Classes of Beam Behaviour

    26.6 Waves on Beams, Introductory Remarks

    26.7 Streaming Plasma

    26.8 Two or More Streaming Plasmas

    26.9 Beams of Finite Cross Section

    26.10 The Effect of Arbitrary Wall Impedance

    26.11 Landau Damping

    26.12 Coupled Modes

    26.13 Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 27 Astrophysical Plasmas

    27.1 Introduction

    27.2 Double Extragalactic Radiosources

    27.3 Pulsars

    27.4 Magnetic Fields in Stars

    27.5 The Solar Plasma

    27.6 Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 28 Computational Plasma Physics

    28.1 Introductory Ideas on Computer Simulations

    28.2 Equilibria and Transport

    28.3 Dynamics of a Magnetized Fluid

    28.4 Particle Methods and Phase Space

    28.5 Discussion

    References

    Definitions

    Units

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 708
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: January 28, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217932

About the Editor

Richard D. Gill

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