Plants, Chemicals and Growth

Plants, Chemicals and Growth

1st Edition - January 28, 1971

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  • Editor: F.C. Steward
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159302

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Description

Plants, Chemicals and Growth focuses on chemicals that regulate the growth and development of plants. It explores the problems of growth and growth regulation by looking at the roles of chemical substances, natural and synthetic, which affect the behavior of the cells of flowering plants. It also describes the variety of responses triggered by such chemicals, which include herbicides, those that stimulate the rooting of cuttings or cause leaf or fruit abscission, and those associated with fruit setting and artificial parthenocarpy. Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of examples of chemical regulators and the biological responses they induce in plants, from tropism and chemotropism to nastic responses; rhythmic phenomena in growth and development; initiation of lateral organs and problems of phyllotaxy; periodicities in growth; and effects on the balance between vegetative growth, flowering, and fruiting. It discusses the totipotency and exogenous regulation of cells, history and modern concepts of plant growth regulators, the ways chemicals induce growth in quiescent cells, and growth-regulating effects in free cell systems. The reader is also introduced to biologically active compounds, such as indolyl and triazine compounds; how plant-regulating substances work; concepts and interpretations of plant growth regulation; and problems and prospects of chemical regulation of plant growth and development. This book will be of interest to teachers, biology students, agriculturalists, and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Introduction

    Chapter 1. Some Chemical Regulators: Some Biological Responses

    Chapter 2. The Totipotency of Cells and Their Exogenous Regulation

    The "Division of Labor"

    Cell Growth and Cell Division

    The Cell Cycle

    Cellular Ontogeny

    Growing Regions

    Chapter 3. History and Modern Concepts of Growth-Regulating Substances

    Genesis of the Problem

    Problems of Terminology

    Auxins

    Cytokinins

    Gibberellins

    Chapter 4. The Induction of Growth in Quiescent Cells

    The Onset of Growth in Mature Cells

    Bioassays

    Natural Sources of Growth Stimulatory Substances

    Chapter 5. Some Growth Regulatory Systems

    Synergisms and Interactions

    Responses of Cells in Their Milieu: "Biochemical Ecology"

    Chapter 6. Growth-Regulating Effects in Free Cell Systems: Morphogenesis

    Organized and Unorganized Development of Cultured Cells and Tissues

    The Chemical Control of Unorganized Systems: The Challenge

    Chapter 7. The Range of Biologically Active Compounds

    Indolyl Compounds

    Adenyl Derivatives

    Terpenes and Terpenoids

    Lactones

    Carbamates and Their Derivatives

    Substituted Ureas

    Triazine Compounds

    Hydrazine Derivatives

    Quaternary Ammonium Compounds

    Phosphoniums

    Phenolics

    Hexitols

    Amino Acids and Peptides

    Alkaloids

    Glycosides

    Ethylene and Ethylene-Releasing Agents

    Phthalides

    Alkyl Esters

    Fatty Alcohols

    Aldehydes

    Other Classes of Compounds

    Chapter 8. What Do the Growth-Regulating Substances Do?

    General Approaches

    Controls of Growth versus Controls of Metabolism

    Embryological Controls: Plants versus Animals

    Stimuli and Response: Levels of Manifestation

    Cellular Compartmentation and Integration

    Specific Approaches

    The Role of Adenyl Compounds

    Chapter 9. Concepts and Interpretations of Growth Regulation

    "Plant Hormones" and "Action at a Distance"

    Presentation to the Sites of Action

    Mechanisms of Action

    Concepts Involving Cell Walls in Growth Regulation

    Concepts Relating Auxins and Ethylene

    Concepts Involving Proteins and Nucleic Acids

    Concepts Involving Light and Phytochrome

    Chapter 10. Prospects and Problems

    The Complexity of the System: Its Multivariate Responses

    Growth Regulators and the Tumor Problem

    Chemicals Which Affect Plant Growth: Their Use and Abuse

    Summation

    Bibliography

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 246
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 28, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323159302

About the Editor

F.C. Steward

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