Plants and their Interaction to Environmental Pollution

Plants and their Interaction to Environmental Pollution

Damage Detection, Adaptation, Tolerance, Physiological and Molecular Responses

1st Edition - November 4, 2022

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  • Editor: Azamal Husen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323983099
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323999786

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Environmental pollution as a consequence of diverse human activities has become a global concern. Urbanization, mining, industrial revolution, burning of fossil fuels/firewood and poor agricultural practices, in addition to improper dumping of waste products, are largely responsible for the undesirable change in the environment composition. Environmental pollution is mainly classified as air pollution, water pollution, land pollution, noise pollution, thermal pollution, light pollution, and plastic pollution. Nowadays, it has been realized that with the increasing environmental pollution, impurities may accumulate in plants, which are required for basic human uses such as for food, clothing, medicine, and so on. Environmental pollution has tremendous impacts on phenological events, structural patterns, physiological phenomena, biochemical status, and the cellular and molecular features of plants. Exposure to environmental pollution induces acute or chronic injury depending on the pollutant concentration, exposure duration, season and plant species. Moreover, the global rise of greenhouse gases such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane, chlorofluorocarbons and ozone in the atmosphere is among the major threats to the biodiversity. They have also shown visible impacts on life cycles and distribution of various plant species. Anthropogenic activities, including the fossil-fuel combustion in particular, are responsible for steady increases in the atmospheric greenhouse gases concentrations. This phenomenon accelerates the global heating. Studies have suggested that the changes in carbon dioxide concentrations, rainfall and temperature have greatly influenced the plant physiological and metabolic activities including the formation of biologically active ingredients. Taken together, plants interact with pollutants, and cause adverse ecological and economic outcomes. Therefore, plant response to pollutants requires more investigation in terms of damage detection, adaptation, tolerance, and the physiological and molecular responses. The complex interplay among other emerging pollutants, namely, radioisotopes, cell-phone radiation, nanoparticles, nanocomposites, heavy metals etc. and their impact on plant adaptation strategies, and possibility to recover, mitigation, phytoremediation, etc., also needs to be explored. Further, it is necessary to elucidate better the process of the pollutant’s uptake by plant and accumulation in the food chain, and the plant resistance capability against the various kinds of environmental pollutants. In this context, the identification of tolerance mechanisms in plants against pollutants can help in developing eco-friendly technologies, which requires molecular approaches to increase plant tolerance to pollutants, such as plant transformation and genetic modifications. Pollutant-induced overproduction of reactive oxygen species that cause DNA damage and apoptosis-related alterations, has also been examined. They also trigger changes at the levels of transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome, which has been discussed in this book.

Key Features

  • Presents a multidimensional approach and a broad range of explanation on different aspects of environmental pollution and the overall interaction of food, cash crops, horticultural, water and wetland plants, herbs, and endangered plant species
  • Discusses a number of growth features, physiological attributes, and the cellular and molecular phenomena of plants under emerging environmental pollution
  • Explains about the overproduction of reactive oxygen species that cause DNA damage and apoptosis-related alterations
  • Examines the changes at the levels of transcriptome, proteome, and metabolome
  • The authors have crafted each chapter with immense clarity, reviewed up-to-date literature and presented all available information with lucid illustrations


Universities, institutions and organizations involved in research/education related to plant biology, plant physiology, plant biotechnology, plant ecology, plant biodiversity, environmental studies, and so on.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Plants and their unexpected response to environmental pollution: an overview
    2. Effect of uv-b radiation on plants growth, active constituents and production
    3. Effect of elevated CO2 on plants growth, active constituents and production
    4. Effect of elevated O3 on plants growth, active constituents, and production
    5. Plants response to SO2 or acid deposition
    6. Fly ash toxicity, concerned issues and possible impacts on plant health and production
    7. Effect of coal-smoke pollution on plants growth, metabolism and production
    8. Effect of heavy metal pollution on plants: damage detection, repair, acclimation and adaptation response
    9. Interaction of nanoparticles and nanocomposite with plant and environment
    10. Toxic effects of essential metals on plants: from damage to adaptation responses
    11. Phytoremediation response of plants: challenges and opportunities
    12. Pesticide toxicity and their impact on plant growth, active constituents and productivity
    13. Plant responses to water pollution
    14. Plant response to industrial waste
    15. Radioisotopes and their impact on plants
    16. Effects of cell phone radiation on plants growth, active constituents and production
    17. Effects of major munitions compounds on plant health and function
    18. Aquatic macrophytes and trace elements: deleterious effects, biomarkers, adaptation mechanisms and potential new wave of phytoremediation processes
    19. Production and role of plants secondary metabolites under various environmental pollution
    20. Plant proteomics and environmental pollution
    21. Genetic modification and genome engineering of plants for adverse environmental pollution

Product details

  • No. of pages: 468
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: November 4, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323983099
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323999786

About the Editor

Azamal Husen

Azamal Husen served as Professor & Head, Department of Biology, University of Gondar, Ethiopia and is a Foreign Delegate at Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita, Ethiopia. He specializes in biogenic nanomaterial fabrication and application, plant responses to environmental stresses and nanomaterials at the physiological, biochemical and molecular levels, and has published over 175 research articles. He is contributed to R&D projects of World Bank, ICAR, ICFRE, JBIC etc. He is on the advisory board of Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. He is a Fellow of the Plantae group of the American Society of Plant Biologists, and a Member of the International Society of Root Research, Asian Council of Science Editors, and INPST. He is Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Plant Physiology, and a Series Editor of Exploring Medicinal Plants (Taylor & Francis Group, USA); Plant Biology, Sustainability, and Climate Change (Elsevier, USA); and Smart Nanomaterials Technology (Springer Nature, Singapore).

Affiliations and Expertise

Foreign Delegate, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita, Ethiopia

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