Roles of Stem Architecture in Plant Performance: Plant Stems: Biomechanical Adaptation for Energy Capture and Influence on Species Distributions. Opportunities and Constraints in the Placements of Flower and Fruits. The Biomechanical Optimum in Woody Stems. Shrub Stems: Form and Function. Roles of Stems in Transport and Their Consequences. Patterns of Xylem Variation Within a Tree and Their Hydraulic and Mechanical Consequences. Stem Water Storage. Roles of Live Stem Cells in Plant Performance: Role of Stems in Transport, Storage, And Circulation of Ions and Metabolites By the Whole Plant. The Low Profile Directors of C- And N-Economy in Plants: The Parenchyma Cells Associated with Translocation Channels. Stem Photosynthesis: Extent, Patterns, And Role in Plant Carbon Economy. Microflora and Microfauna on Stems and Trunks: Diversity, Foodwebs, And Effects on Plants. Developmental Potential of Foodwebs, And Effects on Plants. Developmental Potential of Shoot Buds. Respiratory Gas Exchange and Cambial Function in Tree Stems. Hormonal Control of Radial and Longitudinal Growth in the Tree Stem. Roles of Stems in Preventing or Reacting to Response to Plant Injury: Stems and Fires. Response of Stem Growth and Function to Air Pollution. Chemical Antiherbivore Defense. Stem Defense Against Pathogens. Synthesis. Subject Index.
Stems, of various sizes and shapes, are involved in most of the organic processes and interactions of plants, ranging from support, transport, and storage to development and protection. The stem itself is a crucially important intermediary: it links above- and below ground organs-connecting roots to leaves. An international team of leading researchers vividly illustrate that stems are more than pipes, more than simple connecting and supporting structures; rather stems are critical, anatomically distinct structures of enormous variability. It is, to an unappreciated extent, this variability that underpins both the diversity and the success of plants in myriad ecosystems.
Plant Stems will be a valuable resource on form/function relationships for researchers and graduate-level students in ecology, evolutionary biology, physiology, development, genetics, agricultural sciences, and horticulture as they unravel the mechanisms and processes that allow organisms and ecosystems to function.
- Syntheses of structural, physiological, and ecological functions of stems
- Multiple viewpoints on how stem structure relates to performance
- Highlights of major areas of plant biology long neglected
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1995
- 10th July 1995
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN: