Plant Pathology V3 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123956781, 9780323143370

Plant Pathology V3

1st Edition

The Diseased Population Epidemics and Control

Editors: James G. Horsfall
eBook ISBN: 9780323143370
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 690
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Plant Pathology: An Advanced Treatise, Volume III: The Diseased Population Epidemics and Control deals with the epidemics of the diseased population of plants and their forecasting and control. The book highlights the public health implications of plant pathology, giving major consideration to inoculum production, dispersal, and control.
This volume is organized into 14 chapters and begins with an overview of populations of inoculum and the consequences of cultivation, emphasizing the inoculum potential. The next chapters focus on the autonomous dispersal of plant pathogens through the soil, seeds, or plant parts; the inoculum dispersal by animals, humans, air, and water; and the factors and processes that trigger an epidemic. The book also introduces the reader to the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the performance of fungicides on plants and in soil, and then concludes by discussing the genetics of disease resistance and problems associated with plant breeding. This book is a valuable resource for those who are interested in a theoretical treatment of plant pathology and in the broad ecological relationships among organisms, as well as for research workers and advanced students of applied biology.

Table of Contents


1. Prologue—Inoculum and the Diseased Population

I. Introduction

II. Inoculum Potential

III. The Dispersal of Pathogens

IV. Control Measures and Inoculum Potential


2. Inoculum Potential

I. Introduction

II. Inoculum Potential

III. Mechanism of Inoculum Potential

IV. Importance of the Living Host Plant as an Inoculating Agent and as a Source of Inoculum


3. Autonomous Dispersal

I. Introduction

II. Soil

III. Seeds

IV. Plants and Plant Parts


4. Dispersal of Inoculum by Insects and Other Animals, Including Man

I. Introduction

II. Dispersal by Man

III. Dispersal by Other Mammals and Birds

IV. Dispersal by Small Animals, Other than Insects

V. Dispersal by Insects


5. Dispersal by Air and Water—The Take-Off

I. Introduction

II. Violent Spore Discharge

III. Passive Spore Liberation

IV. Meteorological Conditions in Relation to Spore Liberation

V. Periodicity of Spore Liberation


6. Dispersal by Air and Water—The Flight and Landing

I. Transportation Forces

II. The Flight

III. Concentration in the Air

IV. Landing

V. Various Problems


7. Analysis of Epidemics

I. Introduction

II. The Multiplication of Infections

III. The Amount of Inoculum at Its Source in Relation to Epidemics

IV. The Spread of Epidemics

V. Epidemics in Relation to the Abundance and Distribution of Host Plants

VI. The Host Plants


8. Forecasting Epidemics

I. Introduction

II. Primary Inoculum

III. The Dispersal of Inoculum

IV. The Transfer of Inoculum

V. The Trapping of Pathogens

VI. Infection

VII. The Incubation Period

VIII. Integration

IX. The Usefulness of Forecasting

X. Summary


9. Quarantines

I. Natural Spread and Man-Provoked Dispersal

II. Quarantine Measures

III. Legal Aspects

IV. Evaluation of the Quarantine System


10. Cultural Practices in Disease Control

I. Introduction

II. General Considerations

III. Elements of Cultural Control

IV. Intrinsic Measures Directly Affecting the Individuals Comprising the Host Population

V. Extrinsic Measures Indirectly Affecting the Individuals Comprising the Host Population

VI. Measures Affecting Elements Other than the Host Population

VII. Summary and Prognosis


11. Soil Treatment

I. Introduction

II. Basic Concepts

III. Practical Aspects

IV. Summary—Now and the Future


12. Performance of Fungicides on Plants and in Soil—Physical, Chemical, and Biological Considerations

I. Introduction

II. Protection of Plant Surfaces

III. Treatment of Soils and Seed


13. Biological Interference with Epidemics

I. Introduction

II. Hyperparasitism: Parasites on Fungi

III. Bacteriophage

IV. Predators and Antagonistic Animals of Pathogens

V. Microbial Antagonisms

VI. Interactions in the Fungal and Bacterial Diseases

VII. Complexes Associated with Nematodes

VIII. Interferences in the Virus Disease

IX. General Considerations


14. The Problem of Breeding Resistant Varieties

I. The Importance of Disease-Resistant Varieties

II. History of Attempts to Produce Resistant Varieties

III. Lessons from the Past

IV. The Present Status

V. Future Prospects


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1960
Academic Press
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About the Editor

James G. Horsfall

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