Plant Pathology V1 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123956774, 9780323143394

Plant Pathology V1

1st Edition

The Diseased Plant

Editors: James G. Horsfall
eBook ISBN: 9780323143394
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1959
Page Count: 688
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Description

Plant Pathology: An Advanced Treatise, Volume I: The Diseased Plant presents an integrated synthesis of the scope, importance, and history of plant pathology, emphasizing the concept of disease, not of diseases. The book focuses on pathological processes, defense devices, predisposition, and therapy of the diseased plant. It explores the normal pathways that are obstructed in sick plants; how the pathogen causes dysfunction; and how the host plant reacts to the pathogen. This book also considers the logistics and the strategy of disease and how to combat it. This volume is organized into 15 chapters and begins with an overview of plant pathology, its history, and its relation to other sciences, along with plant predisposition to disease, and the resistance-susceptibility problem. The next chapters examine how sickness in plants is recognized and diagnosed, the tissue breakdown in diseases, and the effects of parasites on the processes in plants. The impact of disease on water balance and respiration in plants and the histology of disease resistance in plants are also explained. This volume also covers the physiological and chemical basis of defense by higher plants against potential or invading pathogens and the hypersensitivity concept in plant pathology. The final chapter discusses the physical and chemical therapy of the diseased plant. This book will appeal to all who are interested in a theoretical treatment of plant pathology and in the broad ecological relationships among organisms, as well as to research workers and advanced students of applied biology.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1. The Diseased Plant

I. Introduction

II. Background for Volume 1

III. What Is Plant Pathology?

IV. What Is Disease?

V. Host or Suscept?

VI. Impact of Plant Disease on Society

VII. Classification of Disease

VIII. The Resistance-Susceptibility Problem

IX. Predisposition

X. References

2. Scope and Contributions of Plant Pathology

I. Introduction

II. Plant Pathology Among the Sciences

III. Plant Pathology and Human Society

Acknowledgments

References

3. History of Plant Pathology

I. The Beginnings of Botany

II. Two Millennia of Waiting

III. The Renaissance, the Discovery of the Western Hemisphere and the Beginnings of Modern Botany

IV. The Development of the Germ Theory of Disease in Plants

V. Some Effects of the Steam Age on Plant Diseases and Plant Pathology

VI. Establishment of Major Trends of Work Centering about Groups of Causal Agents of Disease

VII. Plant Pathology in the 20th Century

References

4. How Sick is the Plant?

I. Sickness and Loss

II. How Is Sickness in Plants Recognized and Diagnosed?

III. What Is the Value of Knowing the Degree of Sickness in Plants?

IV. Why Must the Degree of Sickness in Plants Be Measured?

V. What Are the Requirements in Measuring Sickness in Plants?

VI. How Does One Go about Measuring Sickness in Plants?

VII. How Much Sickness Corresponds to How Much Loss?

VIII. How Can These Measurements Be Summarized and Analyzed?

IX. The Reward

References

5. Tissue is Disintegrated

I. Introduction

II. The Nature of Cell Disintegration

III. The Disintegration of Different Types of Plant Tissues

IV. Summary and General Conclusions

References

6. Growth is Affected

I. Introduction

II. Harmonious Changes Involving Exaggerated Growth Responses

III. Amorphous Changes in Growth Pattern

Acknowledgments

References

7. Reproduction is Affected

I. Introduction

II. Parthenocarpic and Underdeveloped Fruits

III. Nutritive Disturbances

IV. Water and Reproduction

V. Temperature and Reproduction

VI. Light and Reproduction

VII. Interactions of Nutrition and Climate on Reproduction

VIII. Impaired Growth Correlations of Reproductive Organs

IX. Premature Abscission of Reproductive Organs

X. Physiological Disorders Favoring the Establishment of Parasites on Reproductive Organs

XI. Infectious Diseases

XII. The Influence of Reproduction on the Activity of Pathogens and Disease Expression

XIII. Reproductive Organs as Injurious Agents

References

8. The Host is Starved

I. The Mechanism of Nutrition

II. The Meaning of "Starved Host"

III. Hunger Mechanisms at the Level of the Host Cell

IV. The Consequences for the Host of the Variable Nutritive Needs of the Parasite during the Period of Incubation

V. Conclusion

References

9. Water is Deficient

I. Introduction

II. Water Balance in Normal Healthy Plants

III. General Symptoms and Nature of Water Deficiency

IV. "Water Imbalance" in Diseased Plants

V. Synthesis

References

10. Alteration of the Respiratory Pattern in Infected Plants

I. Introduction

II. Respiratory Increase

III. The Hexose Monophosphate Pathway

IV. Biochemical Changes Accompanying the Respiratory Increase

V. Alteration of the Respiration in Relation to Defense Mechanisms of the Host

References

11. Histology of Defense in Plants

I. Static Anti-Infectious Structures

II. Dynamic Defense Reaction

References

12. Physiology and Biochemistry of Defense

I. Introduction

II. The Chemical Battery

III. Dynamic Aspects of Defense

IV. Conclusion

References

13. Hypersensitivity

I. Introduction

II. Hypersensitivity Reaction as Morphological Phenomenon

III. Hypersensitivity as a Genetic Problem

IV. Hypersensitivity as a Physiological Problem

V. Hypersensitivity Reaction as an Immunological Problem

VI. Problem of "Acquired Immunity"

VII. Epilogue

References

14. Predisposition

I. The Concept

II. The Evidence

III. Implications and Discussion

References

15. Therapy

I. Introduction

II. Physical Therapy

III. Topical Chemotherapy

IV. Systemic Chemotherapy

V. Modes of Chemotherapeutic Action

References

Author Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
688
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1959
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143394

About the Editor

James G. Horsfall