Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change

Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change

1st Edition - September 19, 2021

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  • Editors: Vinay Kumar, Ashish Srivastava, Penna Suprasanna
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128229163
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128230930

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Plant nutrients are the vital elements essential for plant growth and survival, with key roles in adapting to challenging environments. Each nutrient, whether required in relatively large (macronutrients) or minute concentrations (micronutrients) plays a unique role in plant life cycle. Both the insufficient and surplus concentrations of these nutrients may render negative impacts on plant growth and development and therefore their homeostasis is considered critical for optimal plant growth and yield. Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change comprehensively reviews all critical plant nutrients. Chapters include topics such as: biological roles, uptake and transport of vital nutrients in plants; an in-depth review of the roles of potassium, calcium, magnesium and trace element; molecular breeding approaches for enhanced plant nutrients; and exploring the rhizosphere microbiome for enhance nutrient availability. Written by leading experts in the field of plant biology, this is an essential read for researchers and scientists interested in plant science, agronomy, food security and environmental science.

Key Features

  • A comprehensive review of all the important plant nutrients
  • Discusses plant homeostasis under natural and changing environments
  • Introduces novel approaches and state-of-the-art tool for enhancing the levels of targeted nutrients within plant tissues


Researchers interested in plant science, agronomy, food security and environmental science

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • About the editors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Entangling the interaction between essential and nonessential nutrients: implications for global food security
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Potassium/sodium interaction
  • 1.3 Zinc/cadmium interaction
  • 1.4 Arsenic/nitrogen/phosphorus interaction
  • 1.5 Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 2. The importance of beneficial and essential trace and ultratrace elements in plant nutrition, growth, and stress tolerance
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Beneficial and essential elements
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Crop nitrogen use efficiency for sustainable food security and climate change mitigation
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Reactive nitrogen, climate change, and agriculture
  • 3.3 Understanding nitrogen use efficiency
  • 3.4 Agronomic approaches to improve nitrogen use efficiency
  • 3.5 Microbial nitrogen fixation and crop nitrogen use efficiency
  • 3.6 Plant biological approaches to improve nitrogen use efficiency
  • 3.7 Transgenic and genome-editing approaches for improving nitrogen use efficiency
  • 3.8 Manipulation of genes involved in nitrogen acquisition
  • 3.9 Manipulation of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation
  • 3.10 Manipulation of genes involved in nitrogen translocation and remobilization
  • 3.11 Manipulation of genes involved in carbon metabolism and its regulation
  • 3.12 Manipulation of genes involved in signaling
  • 3.13 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Role of plant sulfur metabolism in human nutrition and food security
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Sulfur compounds in human nutrition and health
  • 4.3 Plant sulfate assimilation and methionine synthesis
  • 4.4 Control of plant sulfate assimilation
  • 4.5 Impact of changing environment on plant sulfur nutrition
  • 4.6 Plant sulfur nutrition and food security—open questions
  • 4.7 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Potassium: an emerging signal mediator in plants?
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 K+ as a signal in bacteria
  • 5.3 Does a similar mechanism exist in plants?
  • 5.4 How is potassium perceived and sensed in plants?
  • 5.5 How does K+ sensing take place?
  • 5.6 Is potassium deficiency a potential stress signal?
  • 5.7 K+ as a signal mediator in plants: connecting the dots between K+ deprivation and Ca2+ signaling
  • 5.8 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Exploring the relationship between plant secondary metabolites and macronutrient homeostasis
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Macronutrient cycling in soil
  • 6.3 Plant–soil interactions: macronutrient sensing, uptake, and regulation
  • 6.4 Plant secondary metabolites and their response to soil fertility
  • 6.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 7. Water and nitrogen fertilization management in light of climate change: impacts on food security and product quality
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Impact of climate change on water resources
  • 7.3 Nitrogen fertilization management in light of climate change
  • 7.4 Overview on strategies to enhance water use efficiency and N use efficiency and future prospects
  • 7.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Soilless indoor smart agriculture as an emerging enabler technology for food and nutrition security amidst climate change
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Climate change and its impact on food and nutrition security
  • 8.2 Soilless indoor cultivation as climate-smart agriculture
  • 8.3 Soilless systems as an enabling technology for food security
  • 8.4 Soilless systems as an enabling technology for nutrition security
  • 8.5 Role of precision agriculture and automation for enabling food and nutrition security
  • 8.6 Challenges and future perspectives
  • 8.7 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 9. Plant ionomics: toward high-throughput nutrient profiling
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Concept of ionomics
  • 9.3 Important events in ionomics
  • 9.4 Spectrum of mineral elements
  • 9.5 Mineral acquisition, distribution, and storage in plants
  • 9.6 Mineral interaction in plants
  • 9.7 Element–element interactions
  • 9.8 Element–gene interactions
  • 9.9 Element–environment interactions
  • 9.10 Interaction with mineral chelating or sequestering molecules
  • 9.11 Bioinformatics involved in ionomics
  • 9.12 Different technology used in plant element profiling
  • 9.13 Techniques based on electronic properties of elements
  • 9.14 Techniques based on nuclear properties of atoms
  • 9.15 Recent advances in plant ionomic techniques
  • 9.16 Applications of plant ionomics
  • 9.17 Paradigm shift from ionome to gene regulating network
  • 9.18 Ionomics in Identifying of QTLs/genes
  • 9.19 Functional validation of gene(s)
  • 9.20 Ionomics for coping with abiotic stresses
  • 9.21 Ionomics for biofortification
  • 9.22 Conclusion and future prospects
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 10. Cobalt and molybdenum: deficiency, toxicity, and nutritional role in plant growth and development
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Toxicity and deficiency of cobalt and molybdenum in plants
  • 10.3 Role in plant growth and development
  • 10.4 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 11. Interplay between sodium and chloride decides the plant’s fate under salt and drought stress conditions
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Relative impact of dominant ions on plants under ionic stress
  • 11.3 Impact of sodium and other associated cations
  • 11.4 Impact of chloride and other associated anions
  • 11.5 Regulation of uptake and in-planta movement of Na+ and Cl− ions
  • 11.6 Differential impact of sodium and chloride on glycophytes, halophytes, and xerophytes
  • 11.7 Changes in overall ionomics in plants under Na+ and Cl− stress
  • 11.8 Ameliorative role of sodium and chloride on stress tolerance
  • 11.9 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Drought and nitrogen stress effects and tolerance mechanisms in tomato: a review
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Tomato plant responses to drought stress
  • 12.3 Tomato plant responses to nitrogen stress
  • 12.4 Conclusions and future prospects
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 13. Arsenic stress and mineral nutrition in plants
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 Effects of arsenic on plants
  • 13.3 Mineral nutrition in plants
  • 13.4 Effect of arsenic on mineral nutrition in plants
  • 13.5 Conclusion and future perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 14. Recent advances in micronutrient foliar spray for enhancing crop productivity and managing abiotic stress tolerance
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Micronutrients
  • 14.2 Micronutrients as foliar sprays
  • 14.3 Micronutrient use efficiency
  • 14.4 Nano-form of micronutrients
  • 14.5 Micronutrients for mitigation of abiotic stresses
  • 14.6 Cell homeostasis and crosstalk between micronutrients
  • 14.7 Enhanced crop yield and productivity
  • 14.8 Way forward
  • References
  • Chapter 15. Biotechnological tools for manipulating nutrient homeostasis in plants
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Biotechnological tools for macronutrient manipulation
  • 15.3 Biotechnological tools for micronutrient manipulation
  • 15.4 Future directions
  • References
  • Chapter 16. Crop biofortification and food security
  • Abstract
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 New plant-breeding technologies
  • 16.3 Agricultural biotechnology to address food insecurity and poverty
  • 16.4 Crops biofortified with iron and zinc
  • 16.5 Golden rice and golden bananas
  • 16.6 Biofortified maize and cassava
  • 16.7 Nutritionally enhanced tomatoes
  • 16.8 Future of biofortified crops and importance to global food security
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 17. Biotechnological approaches for generating iron-rich crops
  • Abstract
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Biofortification methods
  • 17.3 Transgenic approaches for improving iron content of plants
  • 17.4 Role of microbes in the biofortification of iron
  • 17.5 Conclusions and future perspectives
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 18. Use of nanomaterials in plant nutrition
  • Abstract
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Fertilizers and their efficiency
  • 18.3 Nanofertilizers and fertilizer nanoadditives
  • 18.4 Pros and cons of nanofertilizers and nanomaterials
  • 18.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 19. Plant beneficial microbes in mitigating the nutrient cycling for sustainable agriculture and food security
  • Abstract
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Plant beneficial microorganisms
  • 19.3 Microorganisms in nutrient recycling
  • 19.4 Nitrogen fixation
  • 19.5 Mineral solubilization by beneficial microbes
  • 19.6 Phosphorus solubilization
  • 19.7 Potassium solubilization
  • 19.8 Siderophore production
  • 19.9 Zinc solubilization
  • 19.10 Phytohormone production
  • 19.11 Application of plant beneficial microorganisms in agriculture and food security
  • 19.12 Conclusion and future prospects
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 20. Nutritional imbalance in plants under rising atmospheric CO2
  • Abstract
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Effect of elevated CO2 on C3 and C4 plants
  • 20.3 Effect of elevated CO2 on photosynthesis
  • 20.4 Effect of elevated CO2 on yield and growth
  • 20.5 Effect of elevated CO2 on leaf area
  • 20.6 Effect of elevated CO2 on proteins
  • 20.7 Effect of elevated CO2 on stoichiometry
  • 20.8 Effect of elevated CO2 on photorespiration
  • 20.9 Effect of elevated CO2 on nitrogen
  • 20.10 Effect of elevated CO2 on human nutrition
  • 20.11 Effect of elevated CO2 on secondary metabolites
  • 20.12 Effect of elevated CO2 on vitamins
  • 20.13 Conclusion
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 574
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2021
  • Published: September 19, 2021
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128229163
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128230930

About the Editors

Vinay Kumar

Vinay Kumar
Dr. Vinay Kumar is an Associate Professor at the Department of Biotechnology, Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India. He completed his Ph.D. in Biotechnology from Savitribai Phule Pune University in 2009, and has published more than 50 peer reviewed research/review articles. He is a recipient of Government of India’s Science and Engineering Board, Department of Science and Technology (SERB-DST) Young Scientist Award in 2011. His current research interests include elucidating molecular mechanisms underlying environmental stress responses and tolerance in plants. He has been a Guest Editor for Physiologia Plantarum, and Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, besides working as a reviewer for several journals of repute, and has edited 6 books for Springer, and Wiley, and this one for Elsevier. He has received several grants from funding agencies including DBT, DST and SERB (Govt. of India) among others.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biotechnology, Modern College, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, India

Ashish Srivastava

Ashish Srivastava
Dr. Ashish Kumar Srivastava is a Scientific Officer at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai. His research is focussed on developing strategies for enhancing crop resilience towards different abiotic stresses. The stimulatory potential of thiourea has been demonstrated for enhancing stress tolerance and crop productivity through lab and small-scale field experiments, and by conducting multi-location field trials at salt-, drought- and arsenic-affected fields. The molecular mechanism of stress perception and tolerance has been elucidated using systems-biology based approach. He has more than 50 research and review articles and book chapters to his credit. He has been awarded Young Scientist Award of National Academy of Sciences, India (NASI), Allahabad in 2018, Young Scientist Medal from Indian National Science Academy (INSA) in 2014 and Young Scientist Award from Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) in 2014. He has also received Newton-Bhabha International Grant from DBT-BBSRC in 2018, President International Fellowship from Chinese Academy of Sciences, China in 2016 and EMBO Short term Fellowship in 2011.

Affiliations and Expertise

Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, 400085, India, and Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India

Penna Suprasanna

Penna Suprasanna
Prof. Penna Suprasanna is a Professor, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai and former Head of Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India. His research contributions are in crop biotechnology, radiation-induced mutagenesis, plant genomics and abiotic stress tolerance. He has made concerted efforts to apply radiation mutagenesis techniques in vegetatively propagated plants through collaborative research projects with several national and international bodies (IAEA, Vienna). He has published more than 300 publications and has edited three Springer books (TWO VOLUMES on Salinity Responses and Tolerance in Plants, Volume 1; Targeting Sensory, Transport and Signaling Mechanisms; & Salinity Responses and Tolerance in Plants, Volume 2, Exploring RNAi, Genome Editing and Systems Biology- 2018 & Book on Plant-Metal Interactions-2019). He is serving as the editor of several journals of repute, and Guest Editor for special issues of Elsevier, Wiley and Springer journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai & Former-Head of the Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division in the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India.

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