Plant Disease: An Advanced Treatise

Plant Disease: An Advanced Treatise

How Plants Suffer from Disease

1st Edition - January 28, 1979

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  • Editor: James G. Horsfall
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147682

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Description

Plant Diseases An Advanced Treatise, Volume III: How Plants Suffer from Disease deals with the mechanism on how individual plants suffer from disease. Organized into 19 chapters, this volume discusses plant growth, the conceptual theory of disease development in plants, and the occurrence of different kinds of impairment in diseased plant system. The opening chapters outline the array of physiological functions that are essential in the growth and development of healthy plants. This text also describes the effect of disease on the capture, transfer, and utilization of energy by plants. The subsequent chapters discuss specific types of dysfunction in plant system, including food flow, water system, mineral nutrition, and growth alteration. Other chapters deal with other plant diseases, such as crown gall, teratoma, dysfunction and shortfalls of symbiont responses, disrupted reproduction, and tissue disintegration. This volume also examines various physical factors of the environment that impose mechanical or other physical stresses on plants. It also discusses the engineering mechanics of growing plants and the effect of various pathogens and microorganisms on plant strength and plant organ structural integrity. Other chapters deal with the effect of disease on cell membrane and permeability and on intermediary plant metabolism. The concluding chapters cover the genetic aspects of diseased plants and the diseases that induce senescence and diseases that senescence induced. This volume is an invaluable source for plant pathologists and researchers, mycologists, virologists, and graduate students.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of other Volumes

    Tentative Contents of other Volumes

    Chapter 1 Prologue: How Plants Suffer from Disease

    I. Introduction

    II. The Progress of Disease in Individual Plants

    III. A Theoretical Analysis of Suffering in Plants

    IV. Where Are the Potentials for Progress in Plant Pathology Today?

    V. Some Highlights of Volume III

    VI. An Overview of the Treatise

    References

    Chapter 2 How Healthy Plants Grow

    I. Introduction

    II. Physiology of Growth

    III. Plant Responses to Environmental Changes

    IV. The Physiological Impact of Environmental and Pathological Stresses

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 3 The Dynamic Nature of Disease

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of Disease

    III. Disease Etiology

    IV. Parasitism and Disease

    V. Hypotheses Relating Parasitism and Pathogenicity

    VI. Utility of the Multiple-Component Hypothesis in Pathology

    References

    Chapter 4 The Capture and Use of Energy by Diseased Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. An Overview of Energy Capture and Utilization in Plants

    III. Effects of Disease on the Efficiency of Energy Capture by Plants

    IV. The Effect on Carbon Assimilation

    V. Alteration in the Export of Reducing Power and Energy

    VI. Effect on Respiration

    VII. Effect on Energy Utilization

    VIII. Effect of Disease on Components of Yield

    IX. The General Impact of Reduced Energy Capture by Plants

    X. A Look into the Future

    References

    Chapter 5 Dysfunction in the Flow of Food

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure and Function of the Xylem

    III. Structure and Function of the Phloem

    IV. Circulation throughout the Plant

    V. Failure of the Transport Systems

    VI. Transport of Harmful Agents throughout the Plant

    VII. Distribution of Applied Chemicals throughout the Plant

    References

    Chapter 6 Dysfunction of the Water System

    I. Introduction

    II. Some General Considerations

    III. The Effect of Disease on the Lifting Force

    IV. The Effect of Disease on Resistance in the Pathways

    V. Mechanisms Limiting Dysfunction

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 7 Disturbed Mineral Nutrition

    I. Introduction

    II. Mineral Nutrition in General

    III. Diseases due to Mineral Deficiency

    IV. Mineral Deficiencies due to Disease

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 8 Alteration of Growth by Disease

    I. Introduction

    II. Quantitative Deviation from Normal Growth

    III. Deviations from Normal Form

    IV. Loss of Correlated Control

    V. Synthesis and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 9 Crown Gall—A Unique Disease

    I. Introduction

    II. The Roles of Wounding and Specific Binding in Crown Gall Induction

    III. Transfer of Bacterial DNA to the Host Cell and Its Subsequent Processing

    IV. Uncontrolled Growth of the Transformed Plant Cell

    References

    Chapter 10 Plant Teratomas—Who's in Control of Them?

    I. Introduction

    II. Objective

    III. Types of Plant Teratomas

    IV. Similarities between Animal and Plant Teratomas

    V. Control and Cellular Communication

    VI. Mechanisms of Teratomas Control

    VII. Teratomas and Cellular Differentiation

    VIII. Beneficial Autonomous Teratomas

    IX. Summary

    References

    Chapter 11 Dysfunction and Shortfalls in Symbiotic Responses

    I. Introduction

    II. Symbiotic Function

    III. Energy Cost to the Higher Plant

    IV. The Disease-Symbiosis Complex

    V. Impediments to Symbiotic Response

    VI. The Future

    References

    Chapter 12 Disrupted Reproduction

    I. Introduction

    II. Pathogens and Pollen

    III. Pathogenic Effects on Ovules, Ovaries, and Fruit

    IV. Transvestism

    V. Postfertilization Effects

    VI. Seed-Borne Pathogens

    VII. Pathogenic Effects on Seed Quality

    References

    Chapter 13 Tissue is Disintegrated

    I. Introduction

    II. Plant Cell Wall Structure

    III. Polysaccharide-Degrading Enzymes

    IV. Pathogenesis and Cell Wall Degradation

    V. Maceration and Cell Death in Herbaceous Tissues

    VI. Regulatory Mechanisms of Polysaccharide-Degrading Enzymes

    VII. Disintegration of Woody Tissues

    VIII. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 14 The Engineering Mechanics of Pathogenesis

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanical Stresses on the Support System of Plants

    III. The Engineering Mechanics of Growing Plants

    IV. Effects of Disease on Lodging of Grain Crops

    V. The Rubbery Wood Disease of Apples

    VI. Stem Pitting and Graft Incompatibility in Fruit Trees

    VII. Damping-Off of Seedlings

    VIII. Disease-Induced Weakening of Bonds between Organs

    IX. Disease-Induced Changes in Physical Properties of Fruits and Vegetables

    X. Disease-Induced Splitting and Cracking of Fruits and Stems

    XI. Weakening of Stems by Canker and Gall-Forming Pathogens

    XII. Root Rot in Orchard, Plantation, and Forest Trees

    XIII. Decay of Tree Stems and Timber Products

    XIV. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 15 Disease Alterations in Permeability and Membranes

    I. Introduction

    II. Concepts of Cell Permeability

    III. Membrane Structure and Function

    IV. Pathological Changes in Permeability

    V. Membranes as Sites of Action of Pathogenic Agents

    VI. Physiological Effects of Membrane Disruption

    VII. Summary

    References

    Chapter 16 Changes in Intermediary Metabolism Caused by Disease

    I. Introduction

    II. Injury and Its Repair

    III. Intermediary Metabolism of Interaction

    IV. Summary

    References

    Chapter 17 Transcription and Translation in Diseased Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. General Features of RNA and Protein Metabolism

    III. Effect of Infection on Synthesis of RNA and Protein

    IV. Promising Approaches to Future Research

    References

    Chapter 18 Senescence and Plant Disease

    I. What is Senescence?

    II. Is Senescence Related to Stress?

    III. General Relation of Age to Disease

    IV. Disease-Induced Senescence

    V. Senescence-Induced Diseases

    VI. Epilogue: Did Physiological Plant Pathology Turn into a Branch of Stress Physiology?

    References

    Chapter 19 Relation Between Biological Rhythms and Disease

    I. Introduction

    II. Types of Rhythms

    III. Nature of Rhythms

    IV. Periodicity of Rhythms

    V. Significance of Rhythms

    VI. Disease Effects upon Rhythms

    VII. Conclusion

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 508
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: January 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147682

About the Editor

James G. Horsfall

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