Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance

Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance

Studies in the Agricultural and Food Sciences

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Author: G.E. Russell
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192369

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Description

Studies in the Agricultural and Food Sciences: Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance presents a critical review of the development of resistant varieties of plant to pests and diseases. It discusses the economic impact of pests and diseases; the methods of controlling these pests and diseases; and the challenges being faced by a plant breeder. Some of the topics covered in the book are the general principles and methods of breeding for resistance; importance of parasite variability to the plant breeder; methods of testing for resistance; requirements for successful inoculation; production of resistant varieties; and economic importance of fungal diseases; and variability in fungal pathogen. Pathogenic fungi and fungal diseases are also covered. The control of fungal diseases by resistant varieties is discussed. An in-depth analysis of diseases in plants is provided. The characteristics of bacteria and bacterial diseases are also presented. A chapter is devoted to epidemiology of diseases associated with mycoplasma-like organisms and rickettsia-like organisms. The book can provide useful information to farmers, botanists, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • I Some Concepts of Breeding for Resistance

    1 The Control of Pests and Diseases

    Lettuce: Root Aphid

    Scots Pine: Pine Root Collar Weevil, European Pine Sawfly, Zimmerman Pine Moth, White (Eastern) Pine Shoot Borer, Pine Grosbeak, Conclusions

    Citrus: California Red Scale

    Sorghum: Bird Pests

    REFERENCES - PART IV

    2 General Principles and Methods of Breeding for Resistance

    Historical

    Resistance in Relation to Other Breeding Objectives

    Terminology and Some Theoretical Concepts

    The Importance of Parasite Variability to the Plant Breeder

    Sources of Resistance

    Inheritance of Resistance

    Methods of Testing for Resistance

    Requirements for Successful Inoculation

    The assessment of Resistance

    Selecting for Resistance

    Production of Resistant Varieties

    Conclusions

    References - Part I

    II Resistance to Fungal Diseases

    3 Pathogenic Fungi and Fungal Diseases

    The Economic Importance of Fungal Diseases

    Some Characteristics of Fungi and Fungal Diseases

    Variability in Fungal Pathogens

    Types of Resistance

    Sources of Resistance

    The Inheritance of Resistance

    Testing and Selecting for Resistance

    Disease assessment Methods

    Factors Affecting The Expression of Resistance

    The Control of Fungal Diseases by Resistant Varieties

    4 Examples O Breeding for Resistance to Fungal Diseases

    Wheat: Yellow (Stripe) Rust, Stem Rust, Leaf (Brown) Rust

    Barley: Powdery Mildew

    Rice: Blast

    Maize (Corn): Southern Corn Leaf Blight, Maize (Corn) Rust

    Potato: Late Blight, Wart Disease

    Coffee: Leaf (Orange) Rust

    Sugar Beet: Cercospora Leaf Spot, downy Mildew

    Tomato: Fusarium Wilt, Leaf Mould

    Sorghum: Smuts, Milo Disease

    References - Part II

    III Resistance to Diseases Caused by Bacteria, Mycoplasmas and Viruses

    5 Bacterial Diseases

    Economic Importance of Bacterial Diseases

    Some Characteristics of Bacteria and Bacterial Diseases

    Variability of Bacteria

    Types of Resistance

    Sources of Resistance

    Inheritance of Resistance

    Methods of Selection and Breeding for Resistance

    6 Some Examples O Breeding for Resistance to Bacterial Diseases

    Cotton: Bacterial Blight

    Rice: Bacterial Blight

    Tobacco: Bacterial (Granville) Wilt, Wildfire and Angular

    Leaf Spot

    Tomato: Bacterial Wilt, Bacterial Canker

    Pears and Apples: Fireblight

    7 Resistance to Diseases associated with Mycoplasma-Like Organism (MLO) and Rickttsia-Like Organism (RLO)

    The Importance of Plant Diseases associated with MLO and RLO

    Some Characteristics of MLO and RLO

    The Epidemiology of Diseases associated with MLO and RLO

    Methods of Disease Control

    Control by Resistant Varieties

    The Nature and Inheritance of Resistance

    Conclusions

    8 Resistance to Virus Diseases

    The Importance of Virus Diseases

    Characteristics of Viruses and Virus Diseases

    Variability of Plant Viruses

    Epidemiology and Transmission of Plant Virus Diseases

    Types of Resistance to Virus Diseases

    Selection and Breeding Methods

    9 Examples of Resistance to Virus Diseases

    Potatoes: Potato Leaf Roll Virus, Potato Virus Y, Potato Virus X, Other Viruses, Conclusions

    Sugar Beet: Virus Yellows, Curly Top, Conclusions

    Rice: Hoja Blanca (White Leaf), Tungro Disease, Stripe, Other Viruses,Conclusions

    Tobacco: Tobacco Mosaic, Cucumber Mosaic, Vein Banding, Tomato Spotted Wilt, Tobacco Etch

    Cocoa: Swollen Shoot, Conclusions

    Tomato: Tomato Mosaic, Curlyttop, Spotted Wilt, Conclusions

    Raspberries: Aphid-Transmitted Viruses, Nematode-Transmitted Viruses

    Bananas: Bunchy Top, Abaca Mosaic

    Cotton: Leaf Curl

    Barley: Barley Yellow Dwarf

    References - Part III

    IV Resistance to Animal Pests

    10 Pests - Some General Considerations

    Economic Importance of Pest Attack

    Agronomic and Chemical Control Methods

    Some Characteristics of the Main Groups of Animal Pests

    Genetic Variability in Animal Pests

    Types of Resistance to Pests

    Sources of Resistance

    Inheritance of Resistance

    Selection and Breeding Methods

    Control of Animal Pests by Resistant Varieties

    General Conclusions

    11 Examples of Resistance to Animal Pests

    Wheat, Barley and Oats: Hessian Fly, Greenbugs, Wheat Stem Sawfly,Cereal Leaf Beetle, Cereal Cyst Nematode, Oat Stem Eelworm, Conclusions

    Cotton: Bollworms, Boll Weevil, Jassids, Conclusions

    Sugar Beet: Aphids, Beet Eelworm (Cyst Nematode)

    Rice: Rice Stem Borers, Leafhoppers and Planthoppers, Conclusions

    Maize (Corn): European Corn Borer, Maize Stem Borers,Corn Earworms, Corn Leaf Aphid, Bird Pests

    Alfalfa (Lucerne): Spotted Alfalfa Aphid, Pea Aphid

    Potatoes: Potato (Golden) Cyst Nematodes, Aphids, Conclusions

    Clover: Stem Nematodes

    Tobacco: Root-Knot Nematode

    Raspberries: Aphids, Conclusions

    Brassica Crops: Cabbage Aphid

    Lettuce: Root Aphid

    Scots Pine: Pine Root Collar Weevil, European Pine Sawfly, Zimmerman Pine Moth, White (Eastern) Pine Shoot Borer, Pine Grosbeak, Conclusions

    Citrus: California Red Scale

    Sorghum: Bird Pests

    References - Part IV

    V Parasitic Weeds

    12 Resistance to Parasitic Weeds

    The Economic Importance of Parasitic Weeds

    Some Characteristics of Parasitic Weeds

    Agronomic and Chemical Control Methods

    Control by Resistant Varieties

    Methods of Testing for Resistance

    The Nature of Resistance

    Genetic Variation in Parasitic Weeds

    Conclusions

    References - Part V

    VI General Conclusions on Breeding for Resistance

    13 The Present Position

    Experience with Fungal Diseases

    Experience with Bacterial Diseases

    Experience with Virus Diseases

    Experience with Animal Pests

    The Importance of Parasite Variability

    The Genetics of Host-Plant Resistance

    The Effectiveness of Different Types of Resistance

    Some General Inferences

    Some Benefits and Drawbacks of Breeding for Resistance

    14 Future Prospects

    Breeding Objectives and Priorities

    The Dangers of Genetic Uniformity

    Conservation of Germplasm

    New Genetic and Breeding Techniques

    The Future Role of Resistant Varieties

    References - Part VI

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 496
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192369

About the Author

G.E. Russell

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