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Planning in the Soviet Union - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080115412, 9781483156132

Planning in the Soviet Union

1st Edition

Author: Philippe J. Bernard
eBook ISBN: 9781483156132
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 336
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Planning in the Soviet Union compiles the result of M. Bernard’s two-month visit to the USSR in 1961, for the purpose of investigating regional planning on behalf of the French Government Planning Office. This compilation deals with the Soviet planning apparatus, including its organization and administration together with the reforms that have been at work since 1957, furnishing a broad outline of the many economic and social problems forming the essence of Soviet thinking and planning. This book provides a very clear picture of the complexity of problems involved, particularly with the USSR government battling with the concepts of centralization, decentralization, and in industry between a vertical and horizontal structure. The topics that include economic growth, investment, location of industry, transport, manpower, use of available local resources, and migration are discussed only in broad outline of the magnitude of problems in the Soviet economic system. The efficiency of investments, choice of criteria, problem of priorities, productivity in highly integrated units, rationalization, specialization, and cooperation are also deliberated in this selection. This publication is intended for the average informed reader, particularly those who are interested in administering the planning apparatus in the near future.

Table of Contents

Preface to the English Edition

Preface to the French Edition

List of Standard Abbreviations


Chapter I. Background

External Aspects of Economic Life

Setting for an Exchange of Views

Chapter II. Characteristics of the Soviet System

A Collective Economy

Money and Commodity Concepts and their Role

Political and Administrative Organization

Territorial Divisions

The Party

Other Special Features of the Economic Structure

Chapter III. Ideology and Planning

Meaning of Ideology

The Influence of Ideology

The Origins of Planning

The "Laws" of Socialism

The Transition to Communism

Chapter IV. The Process of Planning

General Characteristics of Soviet Planning

Planning Procedures: Current Plans

Long-term Plans

Content of Plans and Product Classifications

Regional Planning

Chapter V. Co-ordination of Plans and Determination of Objectives

Co-ordination of Plans

Choice of Main Objectives

The Instruments of Planning: Norms, Balances and National Accounting

Chapter VI. Economic Organization and Economic Hierarchy

The Sovnarkhozy Experiment: The Reform of 1957

The Sovnarkhozy: Organization and Functions

Consequences of the Creation of the Sovnarkhozy

Administration of other Sectors of Production

The 1962-3 Reforms and the Present Organization of the Economy

Chapter VII. Problems of Economic Administration

Problems of Distribution

Implementation of Investment Plans

The Need for Specialization and for "Co-operation" by Enterprises

"Success Indicators"

Chapter VIII. Regional Economic Policy

Basic Principles: Utilization of Local Resources

The Building Up of Regional Complexes

The Importance of Demographic Factors in Regional Policy

The Balance between Town and Country: Example of the Ukraine

Changes in the Geographical Distribution of Industry

Attempts at Decentralization

The Soviet Road to Development: The Example of Central Asia

Chapter IX. Economic Equilibrium and the Search for Optimization

The Dynamics of Growth in a Socialist Economy

Growth Mechanism: The Effects of Technical Progress

The Problem of Efficiency in the Soviet Economy: Utilization of Resources

The Inadequacies of Enterprise Accounting

The Problem of Value and Prices

Calculations of Rate of Return and Investment Choices

The Use of Mathematical Methods and the Search for the Optimization

The Overall Efficiency of the Economy


Will the USSR overtake the West

Attitudes vis-à-vis the Soviet Experience and Lessons of the Latter





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© Pergamon 1966
1st January 1966
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Philippe J. Bernard

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