Planning in the Soviet Union

Planning in the Soviet Union

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Author: Philippe J. Bernard
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156132

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Description

Planning in the Soviet Union compiles the result of M. Bernard’s two-month visit to the USSR in 1961, for the purpose of investigating regional planning on behalf of the French Government Planning Office. This compilation deals with the Soviet planning apparatus, including its organization and administration together with the reforms that have been at work since 1957, furnishing a broad outline of the many economic and social problems forming the essence of Soviet thinking and planning. This book provides a very clear picture of the complexity of problems involved, particularly with the USSR government battling with the concepts of centralization, decentralization, and in industry between a vertical and horizontal structure. The topics that include economic growth, investment, location of industry, transport, manpower, use of available local resources, and migration are discussed only in broad outline of the magnitude of problems in the Soviet economic system. The efficiency of investments, choice of criteria, problem of priorities, productivity in highly integrated units, rationalization, specialization, and cooperation are also deliberated in this selection. This publication is intended for the average informed reader, particularly those who are interested in administering the planning apparatus in the near future.

Table of Contents


  • Preface to the English Edition

    Preface to the French Edition

    List of Standard Abbreviations

    Introduction

    Chapter I. Background

    External Aspects of Economic Life

    Setting for an Exchange of Views

    Chapter II. Characteristics of the Soviet System

    A Collective Economy

    Money and Commodity Concepts and their Role

    Political and Administrative Organization

    Territorial Divisions

    The Party

    Other Special Features of the Economic Structure

    Chapter III. Ideology and Planning

    Meaning of Ideology

    The Influence of Ideology

    The Origins of Planning

    The "Laws" of Socialism

    The Transition to Communism

    Chapter IV. The Process of Planning

    General Characteristics of Soviet Planning

    Planning Procedures: Current Plans

    Long-term Plans

    Content of Plans and Product Classifications

    Regional Planning

    Chapter V. Co-ordination of Plans and Determination of Objectives

    Co-ordination of Plans

    Choice of Main Objectives

    The Instruments of Planning: Norms, Balances and National Accounting

    Chapter VI. Economic Organization and Economic Hierarchy

    The Sovnarkhozy Experiment: The Reform of 1957

    The Sovnarkhozy: Organization and Functions

    Consequences of the Creation of the Sovnarkhozy

    Administration of other Sectors of Production

    The 1962-3 Reforms and the Present Organization of the Economy

    Chapter VII. Problems of Economic Administration

    Problems of Distribution

    Implementation of Investment Plans

    The Need for Specialization and for "Co-operation" by Enterprises

    "Success Indicators"

    Chapter VIII. Regional Economic Policy

    Basic Principles: Utilization of Local Resources

    The Building Up of Regional Complexes

    The Importance of Demographic Factors in Regional Policy

    The Balance between Town and Country: Example of the Ukraine

    Changes in the Geographical Distribution of Industry

    Attempts at Decentralization

    The Soviet Road to Development: The Example of Central Asia

    Chapter IX. Economic Equilibrium and the Search for Optimization

    The Dynamics of Growth in a Socialist Economy

    Growth Mechanism: The Effects of Technical Progress

    The Problem of Efficiency in the Soviet Economy: Utilization of Resources

    The Inadequacies of Enterprise Accounting

    The Problem of Value and Prices

    Calculations of Rate of Return and Investment Choices

    The Use of Mathematical Methods and the Search for the Optimization

    The Overall Efficiency of the Economy

    Conclusion

    Will the USSR overtake the West

    Attitudes vis-à-vis the Soviet Experience and Lessons of the Latter

    Postscript

    Bibliography

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 336
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483156132

About the Author

Philippe J. Bernard

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