Planning for Engineers and Surveyors

Planning for Engineers and Surveyors

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Authors: F. D. Hobbs, J. F. Doling
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483147369

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Description

Planning for Engineers and Surveyors provides an understanding of the land use and transport planning context in which the work of engineers and surveyors was carried out. It attempts to explain what the planners of land use and transport did and why. It describes the problems which planners face, the reasons why they emerged, the techniques used to develop plans, and the political as well as the technical nature of planning. The book begins with a definition of planning and a review of different popular beliefs about planners themselves. This is followed by separate chapters on the development of the planning system, including its history, institutional framework, and laws; the impact of social, economic, and physical environment on planning; and transport and communications planning. Subsequent chapters cover features of the planning process which are general to planning at different levels and of different sectors; the development of planning policies; the design implications and characteristics of a number of land uses; and the political character of planning.

Table of Contents


  • List of Illustrations

    1. The Nature of Planning and Planners

    Introduction

    The Definition of Planning

    The Planners

    2. The Development of the Planning System

    The History of Planning

    The Renaissance Period

    The Industrial Revolution

    The Second World War

    The Progress of Planning since the War

    The Institutional Framework

    Central Government

    Local Government

    Regional Planning

    The Present Legislation

    Structure Plans

    Local Plans

    Transport Policies and Programs

    Housing Investment Programs

    Development Control

    The Community Land Act

    Management and Staffing in Local Authorities

    The Structure of Local Authorities

    The Structure of Planning Departments

    The Staffing of Planning Departments

    3. People, Land and Resources

    Introduction

    Population

    Population Trends

    The Death Rate

    The Birth Rate

    Migration

    The Number of Households

    Housing

    Socio Economic Characteristics of the Population

    Employment

    Industrial Structure

    Characteristics of the Employed Population

    Unemployment

    The Use OP Land: Urban Areas

    The Growth of Urban Areas

    New Towns

    The Present Extent of Urbanization

    The Internal Structure of Cities

    The Use of Land: Rural Areas

    Agriculture

    Forestry

    Protecting the Countryside

    Natural Resources

    Energy

    4. Transport and Communications

    Introduction

    The History of Transport Technology

    The Organization of Society

    Characteristics of the Transport System

    Technical Characteristics

    Transport Modes

    Transport Efficiency

    Capacity

    The Costs of Transportation

    Monetary Costs

    Resources

    Accidents

    Environmental Costs

    Policies for Transportation

    Traffic Restraint

    Transport Developments

    Social Factors

    5. The Planning Process

    Introduction

    The Rational-Comprehensive Model

    The Planning Cycle

    Systems Analysis

    The Formulation of Goals

    Information

    The Generation of Alternative Plans

    The Evaluation of Alternative Plans

    Implementation

    Monitoring

    Limitations of the Rational Comprehensive Model

    Satisficing

    Incrementalism

    6. The Development of Planning Policies

    Introduction

    Problems of Forecasting

    Uncertainty

    Self-fulfilling Forecasts

    Self-defeating Forecasts

    Extrapolating Trends

    Population Forecasting

    The Elements of Change

    Time Series Methods

    Ratio Methods

    Cohort Survival Methods

    Housing Stock Models

    Housing

    The Number of Households

    The Number of Houses

    The Amount of New Building

    Employment

    Retailing

    Information

    Methods

    Recreation

    Recreation Standards

    The Locational Dimension

    Transport

    Forecasting Vehicle Numbers

    Trip Generation and Attraction

    Trip Distribution

    Modal Split

    Trip Assignment

    Accessibility Indices

    7. A Comprehensive Land Use Model the Design Process

    Introduction

    General Aspects of Design

    Social Factors

    Aesthetic Aspects

    Physical Factors

    Economic and Administrative Aspect

    The Site

    Residential Development

    Planning Controls

    Housing Standards

    Economic Controls

    Market Constraints

    The Form of Development

    Industry

    Site Requirements

    Layout

    Commercial Areas

    Traffic Management

    One-Way Streets

    Pedestrianization Schemes

    8. Politics and Participation

    Introduction

    The Nature of Land Use Conflicts

    Accessibility

    Compensation and Betterment

    County-District Conflicts

    The Political Character of Planning

    The Elected Representatives

    The Officers

    Pressure Groups

    Public Participation

    Legislation

    Implementation

    The Planning Process

    Recent Experience

    Future Directions

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 232
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483147369

About the Authors

F. D. Hobbs

J. F. Doling

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