Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System

1st Edition - December 4, 2021

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  • Editors: Tracy Gregg, Rosaly Lopes, Sarah Fagents
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128139875
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128139882

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Description

Planetary Volcanism across the Solar System compares and contrasts the vast array of planetary bodies in the Solar System, including Earth. The wealth of spacecraft data for almost all major solid-surface bodies in the Solar System indicate that volcanism has been a dominant mechanism in shaping the landscapes of these bodies. The book addresses key questions surrounding our understanding of planetary volcanism, such as how to integrate the data into a coherent view of how volcanic activity arises, how this mechanism shapes planets, which volcanic landforms are ubiquitous throughout the Solar System, and which are unique. By placing a singular emphasis on comparing volcanic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, and with the explicit objective of providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon, users will find an up-to-date, accessible and comprehensive discussion of the major volcanic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies.

Key Features

  • Includes an introduction placing the book in the context of the larger Comparative Planetology series
  • Compares volcanic processes and landforms on all relevant Solar System bodies, providing a systems-level understanding of this widespread phenomenon
  • Offers a thorough examination of the major volcanic processes and landforms that shape and drive the evolution of planets, moons and smaller bodies
  • Includes information from new mission data and discoveries in recent years
  • Features over 100 color illustrations and charts to more clearly convey concepts
  • Offers additional online content, including figures, animations, video, and other multimedia content such as interviews with contributing authors

Readership

Planetary Scientists, Geologists, Geophysicists, Geochemists, Volcanologists, Remote-sensing specialists. Also, third-level (i.e., college/university) educators delivering terrestrial and/or planetary volcanism materials to undergraduate students at first- and second-year levels

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • About the editors
  • Foreword
  • 1: Volcanism in the Solar System
  • Abstract
  • 2: Effusive silicate volcanism: Observations and processes
  • Abstract
  • Overview
  • Introduction to silicate effusive volcanic processes and landforms
  • Planetary basalt compositions
  • Morphology of silicate volcanic features
  • Comparison with widespread effusive volcanism on Earth
  • Volcanism on Vesta
  • Volcanic outgassing from effusive eruptions
  • Planetary calderas
  • Extensional volcanic landscapes
  • Volcano stability
  • 3: Planetary volcanism: Craters, lava flows, fissures, and insights into their formation from observations of the April–August 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Caldera collapse
  • Lava lakes
  • Lava channels
  • Fissure chronology
  • Collapse pits
  • Vents
  • Flows in the ocean
  • Synthesis
  • 4: Explosive volcanism: Observations and processes
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Overview
  • Explosive volcanic processes on bodies lacking an atmosphere: Theory
  • Explosive volcanism on bodies lacking an atmosphere: Observations
  • Explosive volcanic processes in the presence of an atmosphere: Theory
  • Explosive volcanism in an atmosphere: Observations
  • Conclusion
  • 5: Cryovolcanism
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Cryomagma production
  • Cryomagma compositions and properties
  • Cryomagma eruption mechanisms
  • Manifestation of cryovolcanism in the outer Solar System
  • Summary and future directions
  • 6: The origin of magma on planetary bodies
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • What is magma?
  • The origin of magma: Changes in P, T, and X
  • Factors controlling partial melt compositions
  • Movement and accumulation of magma
  • Magma diversification
  • Summary
  • 7: Ages of planetary surfaces
  • Abstract
  • Overview
  • Absolute dating techniques
  • Relative dating
  • Impact craters as clocks
  • Mercury
  • Venus
  • Moon
  • Mars
  • Galilean satellites: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto
  • Summary
  • 8: Composition of planetary crusts and planetary differentiation
  • Abstract
  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Nature of planetary crusts
  • Planetary crustal composition models
  • Crustal growth rates
  • Scale and timing of planetary silicate differentiation
  • Concluding remarks
  • 9: Volcanism in the Solar System: Review, synthesis, and some outstanding questions
  • Abstract
  • Exploring planets
  • Silicate volcanism
  • Cryovolcanism
  • Closing remarks
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 354
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: December 4, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128139875
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128139882

About the Editors

Tracy Gregg

Tracy K.P. Gregg is an Associate Professor in the Department of Geology at the University at Buffalo in Buffalo, NY. Her primary research interest is lava flows, and she is not particular about where they are or their composition. She has done field work on lava flows in Idaho, Peru, Iceland and Hawaii; as well as studied volcanic morphologies on Mars, the Moon, Venus, and Jupiter’s moon Io. She has personally investigated lavas at the East Pacific Rise and the Galapagos Spreading Center, more than 2500 m below sea level, from the safety of the submersible Alvin. She supervised the NASA Planetary Geology and Geophysics Undergraduate Research Program (PGGURP) for 20 years, and is now helping to run its sequel (Summer Undergraduate Program in Planetary Research, or SUPPR). Tracy is a Fellow of the Geological Society of America (GSA), and was awarded the Ronald Greeley Award for Distinguished Service from the GSA Planetary Geology Division.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor, Department of Geology, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, United States

Rosaly Lopes

Rosaly Lopes is a Senior Research Scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, where she is also Manager of the Planetary Science Section. An expert on planetary volcanism, she worked on the Galileo mission to Jupiter and is currently on the science team of the Cassini mission to Saturn. Her research expertise is on volcanoes in the Solar System, particularly the active volcanoes of Jupiter's moon Io and the ice volcanoes of Saturn's icy moons. She is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Geological Society of America, and the winner of the American Astronomical Society’s 2005 Carl Sagan Medal. She has published seven books and over one hundred and twenty peer-reviewed publications

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Scientist, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CA, USA

Sarah Fagents

Sarah Fagents is a Researcher in the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. She investigates volcanic features and eruption processes on the Earth and other planets, and is a member of the science team of the upcoming Mars 2020 rover mission. Her publications cover a wide range of volcanic subject matter, including magma–water interactions, explosive volcanism on Mars and Venus, lava flow dynamics and heat transfer, and cryovolcanism on Jupiter’s moon Europa. She shares her enthusiasm for planetary volcanism with the public whenever possible.

Affiliations and Expertise

Researcher, Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA

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