Pipeline Planning and Construction Field Manual

Pipeline Planning and Construction Field Manual

1st Edition - June 26, 1978

Write a review

  • Author: E. Shashi Menon
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123838674
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123838544

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (Mobi, EPub, PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


Pipeline Planning and Construction Field Manual aims to guide engineers and technicians in the processes of planning, designing, and construction of a pipeline system, as well as to provide the necessary tools for cost estimations, specifications, and field maintenance. The text includes understandable pipeline schematics, tables, and DIY checklists. This source is a collaborative work of a team of experts with over 180 years of combined experience throughout the United States and other countries in pipeline planning and construction. Comprised of 21 chapters, the book walks readers through the steps of pipeline construction and management. The comprehensive guide that this source provides enables engineers and technicians to manage routine auditing of technical work output relative to technical input and established expectations and standards, and to assess and estimate the work, including design integrity and product requirements, from its research to completion. Design, piping, civil, mechanical, petroleum, chemical, project production and project reservoir engineers, including novices and students, will find this book invaluable for their engineering practices.

Key Features

  • Back-of-the envelope calculations
  • Checklists for maintenance operations
  • Checklists for environmental compliance
  • Simulations, modeling tools and equipment design
  • Guide for pump and pumping station placement


Piping Engineers, Designers, Civil Engineers, Mechanical Engineers, Petroleum Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Project Production Engineers and Project Reservoir Engineers

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors

    Author Biography


    Chapter 1. Design Basis

    1.1. Units of Measurement

    1.2. Physical Properties of Liquids and Gases

    Chapter 2. Route Selection

    2.1. Community and Local Agencies

    2.2. Population Density

    2.3. Technical and Project Necessities

    2.4. Constructibility

    2.5. Right-of-Way

    2.6. Environmental Issues

    2.7. Route Beginning and Ending Points

    2.8. Connections

    2.9. Mapping System

    2.10. Field Review

    2.11. Parallel Other Lines

    2.12. Integrity

    2.13. Established Corridors

    Chapter 3. Pipeline Regulatory and Environmental Permits

    3.1. Regulation of Interstate Pipelines

    3.2. Regulation of Intrastate Pipelines

    3.3. Environmental Permits for Interstate Pipelines

    3.4. Environmental Permits for Intrastate Pipelines

    3.5. Local Permits

    Chapter 4. Right-of-Way

    4.1. Right-of-Way Deliverables and Requirements

    4.2. Project Planning

    4.3. Right-of-Way Budgeting

    4.4. Right-of-Way Database and Records

    4.5. Field Support

    4.6. Right-of-Way Negotiations and Condemnation

    4.7. Construction Support

    4.8. Project Completion and Pipeline Operations

    Chapter 5. Alignment Sheets

    5.1. Uses

    5.2. Alignment Sheet Development

    5.3. Quantity of Alignment Sheets

    5.4. Stationing

    5.5. Survey

    5.6. Drawing Issuance

    5.7. Changes to the Route

    5.8. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Requirements

    5.9. Existing Systems

    Chapter 6. Overview of Pipeline Materials

    6.1. Criteria

    6.2. Product to Be Transported

    6.3. Operating Pressure

    6.4. Operating Temperature

    6.5. Handling and Welding

    6.6. Volume or Throughput

    6.7. Codes and Regulations

    6.8. Coating

    6.9. Joint Coating

    6.10. Fittings

    Chapter 7. Pipe Strength and Wall Thickness

    7.1. Allowable Operating Pressure

    7.2. Barlow's Equation for Internal Pressure

    7.3. Derivation of Barlow's Equation

    7.4. Modified Barlow's Equation

    7.5. Gas Pipelines: Class Locations

    7.6. Thick-Walled Pipes

    7.7. Mainline Valves

    7.8. Blowdown Calculations

    7.9. Determining Pipe Tonnage

    Chapter 8. Pipeline Hydraulic Analysis

    8.1. Velocity of Flow in Liquid Pipelines

    8.2. Reynolds Number in Liquid Flow

    8.3. Pressure and Head of a Liquid

    8.4. Pressure Drop in Liquid Flow

    8.5. Friction Factor

    8.6. Colebrook–White Equation

    8.7. Moody Diagram

    8.8. Hazen–Williams Equation

    8.9. Minor Losses

    8.10. Flow of Gas in Pipelines

    8.11. Erosional Velocity

    8.12. Reynolds Number in Gas Flow

    8.13. Friction Factor in Gas Flow

    8.14. Colebrook–White Equation for Gas Flow

    8.15. Transmission Factor

    8.16. Pressure Drop in Gas Flow

    8.17. Effect of Pipe Elevations

    8.18. The Average Gas Pressure

    Chapter 9. Series and Parallel Piping and Power Required

    9.1. Total Pressure Required to Transport Liquids

    9.2. Hydraulic Pressure Gradient in Liquids

    9.3. Series Piping in Liquid Pipelines

    9.4. Parallel Piping in Liquid Pipelines

    9.5. Transporting High Vapor Pressure Liquids

    9.6. Pumping Power Required in Liquid Pipelines

    9.7. System Head Curves – Liquid Pipelines

    9.8. Injections and Deliveries – Liquid Pipelines

    9.9. Pipe Loops in Liquid Pipelines

    9.10. Gas Pipelines

    9.11. Hydraulic Pressure Gradient in Gas Pipeline

    9.12. Series Piping in Gas Pipelines

    9.13. Parallel Piping in Gas Pipelines

    Chapter 10. Valve Stations

    10.1. What to Expect

    10.2. Valve Usage

    10.3. Some Other Valves Not Listed by API-6D

    10.4. Valve Pressure Class

    10.5. Pipeline Design and Valve Selection

    10.6. Mainline Valve Locations

    10.7. Valve Station Design

    10.8. Buried Valve Vaults

    10.9. Direct Burial of Valves

    10.10. Natural Gas Pipeline Valves

    10.11. Valve Placement on Gas Pipelines

    10.12. Block Valve Spacing on Gas Transmission Lines

    10.13. Valve Maintenance for Liquid and Gas Pipelines as per Code

    10.14. Overpressure Safety Valves and Pressure Limiting Devices for Hazardous Liquid Pipelines

    10.15. Natural Gas Pipeline Valves Maintenance

    10.16. Pressure Limiting and Regulating Stations for Gas Pipelines

    10.17. General Valve Station Protection

    10.18. Pipeline Valve Selection – Ball or Gate?

    Chapter 11. Pump Stations

    11.1. Multipump Station Pipelines

    11.2. Hydraulic Balance and Pump Stations Required

    11.3. Telescoping Pipe Wall Thickness

    11.4. Change of Pipe Grade – Grade Tapering

    11.5. Slack Line and Open Channel Flow

    11.6. Batching Different Liquids

    11.7. Centrifugal Pumps Versus Reciprocating Pumps

    11.8. Centrifugal Pump Head and Efficiency Versus Flow Rate

    11.9. BHP Versus Flow Rate

    11.10. NPSH Versus Flow Rate

    11.11. Specific Speed

    11.12. Affinity Laws for Centrifugal Pumps

    11.13. Effect of Specific Gravity and Viscosity on Pump Performance

    11.14. Pump Configuration – Series and Parallel

    11.15. Pump Head Curve Versus System Head Curve

    11.16. Multiple Pumps Versus System Head Curve

    11.17. NPSH Required Versus NPSH Available

    11.18. Pump Station Configuration

    11.19. Control Pressure and Throttle Pressure

    11.20. Variable Speed Pumps

    11.21. VSD Pump Versus Control Valve

    Chapter 12. Compressor Stations

    12.1. Compressor Station Locations

    12.2. Hydraulic Balance

    12.3. Isothermal Compression

    12.4. Adiabatic Compression

    12.5. Polytropic Compression

    12.6. Discharge Temperature of Compressed Gas

    12.7. Compression Power Required

    12.8. Optimum Compressor Locations

    12.9. Compressors in Series and Parallel

    12.10. Types of Compressors – Centrifugal and Positive Displacement

    12.11. Compressor Performance Curves

    12.12. Compressor Head and Gas Flow Rate

    12.13. Compressor Station Piping Losses

    12.14. Compressor Station Schematic

    Chapter 13. Corrosion Protection

    13.1. Corrosion in Pipelines

    13.2. Causes of Pipeline Failure

    13.3. Types of Corrosion

    13.4. Corrosion Control

    Chapter 14. Leak Detection

    14.1. Prevention

    14.2. Pressure Regulation

    14.3. Cathodic Protection

    14.4. Corrosion Coupons

    14.5. Pipeline Markers

    14.6. Smart Pigging

    14.7. Pipeline Security

    14.8. Regulations

    14.9. Purpose

    14.10. Intermediate Block Valves

    14.11. Check Valves

    14.12. Patrolling

    14.13. Detection

    14.14. Measurement

    14.15. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System

    14.16. Hydrostatic Testing

    Chapter 15. Pipeline Pigging and Inspection

    15.1. Pig Use

    15.2. Pipeline Pigging

    15.3. Problem Pipelines

    15.4. Piggable Pipelines

    15.5. Pig Propulsion

    15.6. Utility Pigs

    15.7. Selecting Pigs for Small Bore and Double Diameter Pipelines

    15.8. Poly Pigs

    15.9. My First Experience with Poly Pigs

    15.10. Pig Trains

    15.11. Smart Pigs

    15.12. Smart Pig Types

    15.13. Crack Detection

    15.14. Preparation for Smart Pig Inspection

    15.15. MFL Smart Pig

    15.16. Post Smart Pig Inspection

    15.17. Expert Data Evaluation

    15.18. External Corrosion

    15.19. Internal Corrosion

    15.20. Postinspection Criteria

    Chapter 16. Pipeline Construction

    16.1. Pipeline Construction Sequence

    16.2. Restoration of Disturbed Construction R.O.W.

    Chapter 17. Welding and NDT

    17.1. Pipeline Welding Procedures

    17.2. Specimen Preparation

    17.3. Testing

    17.4. Criteria for Weld Acceptance

    17.5. Classic Pipeline Welding

    17.6. Double Joints

    17.7. Using Higher X-Grade Pipe

    17.8. Welders' Qualification

    17.9. Welders' Responsibility

    17.10. Automatic Pipeline Welding

    17.11. Verifying Automatic Weld Integrity

    17.12. Semiautomatic Welding

    17.13. Strength of Welded Pipelines

    17.14. Nondestructive Testing of Pipe Girth Welds

    17.15. Radiographic NDT

    17.16. Repair of Defect

    17.17. Welding Rejection Criteria

    Chapter 18. Hydrostatic Testing

    18.1. Testing Pipe

    18.2. Classifying in Service Pipelines

    18.3. Intrastate Pipelines

    18.4. Pretest Planning for an Intrastate Pipeline

    18.5. Test Water Disposal

    18.6. Safety and Equipment Procedures During Test

    18.7. Turning and Operating Valves

    18.8. Training and Judgment

    18.9. Back to Test Procedure

    18.10. Pressurization

    18.11. List of Equipment for Hydrostatic Test

    18.12. Test On

    18.13. Posttest Results

    18.14. Posttest Leak Analysis

    18.15. Entrained Air and Vapor

    18.16. Leaking Isolation Valves and Fittings

    18.17. Changing Test Water Temperature

    18.18. Posttest Report

    18.19. Volume Analysis

    18.20. Testing Interstate Liquid and Natural Gas Transmissions Lines

    18.21. Test Section 12

    18.22. Cross-Country Pipeline Testing

    18.23. Pipeline Rupture

    Chapter 19. Commissioning

    19.1. Plan

    19.2. Plan Sequence

    19.3. Operations and Maintenance Manuals

    19.4. Completion of Construction

    19.5. Sizing or Gauging Pigs

    19.6. System Checkout

    19.7. Pipeline Drying

    19.8. Line Fill

    Chapter 20. Specification Writing, Data Sheet Production, Requisition Development, and Bid Analysis

    20.1. Specification Writing

    20.2. Material Specifications

    20.3. Construction Specifications

    20.4. Material Requisition Development

    20.5. Bid Quotation and Bid Analysis

    Chapter 21. Operations and Maintenance Manuals

    21.1. Operating Manuals

    21.2. Regulations

    21.3. Written Emergency Procedures

    21.4. Training Program

    21.5. Details

    21.6. Maintenance Manuals

    21.7. Preventative Maintenance

    21.8. Project Data Book

    21.9. Startup Sequential Process

    21.10. Shutdown Sequential Process

    Appendix 1. Chapter 1

    Appendix 2. Chapter 3

    Appendix 3. Chapter 4

    Appendix 4. Chapter 7

    Appendix 5. Chapter 8

    Appendix 6. Chapter 9

    Appendix 7. Chapter 11

    Appendix 8. Chapter 12

    Appendix 9. Chapters 17 and 18


Product details

  • No. of pages: 576
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2011
  • Published: June 26, 1978
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780123838674
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123838544

About the Author

E. Shashi Menon

E. Shashi Menon, Vice President of SYSTEK Technologies, Inc is a Registered Professional Engineer based in USA for the last 40 years with Bachelors and Masters degrees in Mechanical Engineering. He has extensive experience in Oil and Gas Pipeline Design and construction in USA and South America, having worked for leading US companies. He is the author of several popular technical publications on the subject. He has also coauthored over a dozen software programs in Liquid and Gas Pipeline Hydraulics used by engineers in the industry since 1992. He lives in Lake Havasu City, Arizona

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice President, SYSTEK Technologies, Inc., Lake Havasu City, AZ, USA

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Pipeline Planning and Construction Field Manual"