Pile Design and Construction Rules of Thumb - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780128042021, 9780128042342

Pile Design and Construction Rules of Thumb

2nd Edition

Authors: Ruwan Rajapakse
eBook ISBN: 9780128042342
Paperback ISBN: 9780128042021
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 18th February 2016
Page Count: 378
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Description

Pile Design and Construction Rules of Thumb presents Geotechnical and Civil Engineers a comprehensive coverage of Pile Foundation related theory and practice. Based on the author’s experience as a PE, the book brings concise theory and extensive calculations, examples and case studies that can be easily applied by professional in their day-to-day challenges.

In its first part, the book covers the fundamentals of Pile Selection: Soil investigation, condition, pile types and how to choose them. In the second part it addresses the Design of Pile Foundations, including different types of soils, pile groups, pile settlement and pile design in rock. Next, the most extensive part covers Design Strategies and contains chapters on loading analysis, load distribution, negative skin friction, design for expansive soils, wave equation analysis, batter piles, seismic analysis and the use of softwares for design aid. The fourth part covers Construction Methods including hammers, Inspection, cost estimation, load tests, offshore piling, beams and caps.

In this new and updated edition the author has incorporated new pile designs such as helical, composite, wind turbine monopiles, and spiral coil energy piles. All calculations have been updated to most current materials characteristics and designs available in the market. Also, new chapters on negative skin friction, pile driving, and pile load testing have been added.

Practicing Geotechnical, and Civil Engineers will find in this book an excellent handbook for frequent consult, benefiting from the clear and direct calculations, examples, and cases. Civil Engineering preparing for PE exams may benefit from the extensive coverage of the subject.

Key Features

  • Convenient for day-to-day consults;
  • Numerous design examples for sandy soils, clay soils, and seismic loadings;
  • Now including helical, composite, wind turbine monopiles, and spiral coil energy piles;
  • Methodologies and case studies for different pile types;
  • Serves as PE exam preparation material.

Readership

Practicing Geotechnical Engineers, Foundation Engineers, Civil Engineers, and Researchers. Professionals preparing for PE Civil Engineering.

Table of Contents

  • 1: Site investigation and soil conditions
    • Abstract
    • 1.1. Origin of rocks and soils
    • 1.2. Soil strata types
    • 1.3. Site investigation
    • 1.4. Origin of a project
    • 1.5. Pile foundations versus shallow foundations
    • 1.6. Subsurface investigation phase
    • 1.7. Geotechnical field tests
    • 1.8. SPT (N) and friction angle
    • 1.9. Field tests
    • 1.10. Pressure meter testing
  • 2: Geophysical methods
    • Abstract
    • 2.1. Ground-penetrating radar methods
    • 2.2. Seismic method
  • 3: Groundwater
    • Abstract
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Vertical distribution of groundwater
    • 3.3. Aquifers, aquicludes, aquifuges, and aquitards
  • 4: Foundation types
    • Abstract
    • 4.1. Shallow foundations
    • 4.2. Mat foundations
    • 4.3. Pile foundations
    • 4.4. Caissons
    • 4.5. Foundation selection criteria
  • 5: Pile types
    • Abstract
    • 5.1. Displacement Piles
    • 5.2. Nondisplacement piles
    • 5.3. Timber piles
    • 5.4. Steel ‘H’ piles
    • 5.5. Pipe piles
    • 5.6. Precast concrete piles
    • 5.7. Augercast piles (continuous flight auger piles)
    • 5.8. Frankie piles
    • 5.9. Delta piles
    • 5.10. Vibrex piles (casing removal type)
    • 5.11. Compressed base type
    • 5.12. Precast piles with grouted base
    • 5.13. Mandrel driven piles
    • 5.14. Composite piles
    • 5.15. Fiber-reinforced plastic piles
  • 6: Selection of piles
    • Abstract
    • 6.1. H-sections
    • 6.2. Concrete piles
    • 6.3. Augercast piles
    • 6.4. Open- and closed-end pipe piles
    • 6.5. Concrete piles
    • 6.6. Augercast piles
    • 6.7. H-piles
  • 7: Static and dynamic analysis
    • Abstract
    • 7.1. Pile design in sandy soils (static analysis)
    • 7.2. Equations for end bearing capacity in sandy soils
    • 7.3. Equations for skin friction in sandy soils
    • 7.4. Design examples
    • 7.5. Parameters that affect end bearing capacity
    • 7.6. Critical depth for end bearing capacity (sandy soils)
    • 7.7. Critical depth for skin friction (sandy soils)
  • 8: Design of driven piles
    • Abstract
    • 8.1. Pile design in sandy soils (dynamic analysis)
    • 8.2. Water jetting
    • 8.3. Driving stresses
    • 8.4. Pile design in clayey soils
    • 8.5. Structural design of piles
    • 8.6. Recommended guidelines for pile design
    • 8.7. Uplift forces
    • 8.8. Pile design in expansive soil
    • 8.9. Open-ended pipe pile design: semiempirical approach
    • 8.10. Case study 1: friction piles
    • 8.11. Case study 2: H–sections in retaining walls
    • 8.12. Design of pile groups
    • 8.13. Eccentric loading on a pile group
    • 8.14. Double eccentricity
    • 8.15. Pile groups in clay soils
  • 9: Design of bored piles
    • Abstract
    • 9.1. Augercast pile design (empirical method)
    • 9.2. Design concepts
    • 9.3. Augercast pile design in sandy soils
    • 9.4. Failure mechanisms of augercast piles
    • 9.5. Case study: comparison between bored piles and driven piles
    • 9.6. Design of pin piles: semiempirical approach
    • 9.7. Bored piles in retaining walls
  • 10: Caisson design
    • Abstract
    • 10.1. Caissons in sandy soils
    • 10.2. Belled caisson design
  • 11: Piles in rock
    • Abstract
    • 11.1. Rock joints
    • 11.2. Dip angle and strike
    • 11.3. Oriented rock coring
    • 11.4. Oriented core data
    • 11.5. Rock mass classification
    • 11.6. Q system
    • 11.7. Caisson design in rock
  • 12: Underpinning
    • Abstract
    • 12.1. Underpinning to stop settlement
    • 12.2. Pier underpinning
    • 12.3. Pier underpinning: construction procedure
    • 12.4. Jack underpinning
    • 12.5. Underpinning with driven piles
    • 12.6. Mudjacking (underpinning concrete slabs)
    • 12.7. Underpinning: case study
  • 13: Pile settlement
    • Abstract
    • 13.1. Pile settlement measurement
    • 13.2. Method to compute the settlement and pile compression
    • 13.3. Stiffness of single piles
    • 13.4. Settlement of single piles (semiempirical approach)
    • 13.5. Pile settlement comparison (end bearing versus floating)
    • 13.6. Critical depth for settlement
    • 13.7. Pile group settlement in sandy soils
    • 13.8. Long-term pile group settlement in clay soils
    • 13.9. Long-term pile group settlement in clay soils Janbu method
    • 13.10. Pile group settlement in sandy soils: Janbu method
    • 13.11. Pile group settlement versus single pile settlement
    • 13.12. Pile group design (capacity and settlement): example
  • 14: Wave equation basics
    • Abstract
    • 14.1. Assumptions
    • 14.2. Representation of piles in wave equation analysis
    • 14.3. Wave equation
    • 14.4. Equation for tip resistance for rapid loading condition
    • 14.5. Equations for skin friction for rapid loading condition
    • 14.6. Example of input data for wave equation software
  • 15: Negative skin friction (downdrag)
    • Abstract
    • 15.1. Introduction
    • 15.2. Bitumen-coated pile installation
    • 15.3. How bitumen coating would work against downdrag
    • 15.4. Original site soil profile
    • 15.5. Load distribution inside piles
    • 15.6. Neutral plane concept
  • 16: Bitumen-coated pile design
    • Abstract
    • 16.1. Causes for negative skin friction
    • 16.2. Bitumen coating
    • 16.3. Bitumen behavior
    • 16.4. Designing bitumen-coated piles for negative skin friction
    • 16.5. Bitumen behavior during storage
    • 16.6. Bitumen behavior during driving
    • 16.7. Case study: bitumen-coated piles
  • 17: Laterally loaded piles
    • Abstract
    • 17.1. py curve method
    • 17.2. Lateral loading analysis: simple procedure
  • 18: Short course on seismology
    • Abstract
    • 18.1. Faults
    • 18.2. Largest earthquakes recorded
  • 19: Seismic analysis of piles
    • Abstract
    • 19.1. Kinematic loads
    • 19.2. Inertial loads
    • 19.3. Seismic pile design: inertial loads
    • 19.4. Liquefaction analysis
    • 19.5. Impact due to earthquakes
    • 19.6. General guidelines for seismic pile design
  • 20: Batter pile design
    • Abstract
    • 20.1. Theory
  • 21: Pile design software
    • Abstract
    • 21.1. Software
    • 21.2. Pile design: finite element method
  • 22: Pile driving methods
    • Abstract
    • 22.1. Early history of pile driving
    • 22.2. Steam-operated pile hammers
    • 22.3. Diesel hammers
    • 22.4. Hydraulic hammers
    • 22.5. Vibratory hammers
    • 22.6. Pile driving procedure
    • 22.7. Pile selection guide
    • 22.8. General guidelines for selecting a pile hammer
    • 22.9. ASTM standards
    • 22.10. ACI (American Concrete Institute) standards for general concreting
    • 22.11. Design stresses and driving stresses
    • 22.12. Vibratory hammers: design of piles
    • 22.13. Pile driving through obstructions
    • 22.14. Pile heave and redriving
    • 22.15. Case study
    • 22.16. Soil displacement during pile driving
  • 23: Water jetting
    • Abstract
    • 23.1. Water jet types
    • 23.2. Ideal water pathway
    • 23.3. Water requirement
  • 24: Pile load testing
    • Abstract
    • 24.1. Theory
    • 24.2. Pile load test procedure
  • 25: Pile construction verification
    • Abstract
    • 25.1. Straightness of the pile
    • 25.2. Damage to the pile
    • 25.3. Plumpness of piles
    • 25.4. Pile integrity testing
    • 25.5. Use of existing piles
    • 25.6. Environmental issues
    • 25.7. Utilities
  • 26: Pile identification plan
    • Abstract
  • 27: As built plans
    • Abstract
    • 27.1. Batter information
    • 27.2. Use of as-built plans
  • 28: Code issues (Eurocode and other building codes)
    • Abstract
    • 28.1. Eurocode
    • 28.2. Design using static load tests
    • 28.3. Compute characteristic axial compression load using ground tests
    • 28.4. NYC building code
  • 29: Economic considerations and costing
    • Abstract
    • 29.1. Pile material
    • 29.2. Transportation cost
    • 29.3. Pile length
    • 29.4. Splicing cost
    • 29.5. Equipment cost
    • 29.6. Labor market
    • 29.7. Cost estimate for pile driving projects
  • Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
378
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9780128042342
Paperback ISBN:
9780128042021

About the Author

Ruwan Rajapakse

Ruwan Rajapakse is presently a project manager for STV Incorporated, one of the most prominent design firms in New York City. He has extensive experience in design and construction of piles and other geotechnical engineering work. He is a licensed professional engineer (PE) in New York and New Jersey and a certified construction manager (CCM). He is currently an adjunct professor at New Jersey Institute of Technology conducting the graduate level geotechnical engineering course. He is the author of four books including Geotechnical Engineering Calculations and Rule of Thumb and Pile Design and Construction Rules of Thumb by Butterworth-Heinemann.

Affiliations and Expertise

Practicing Civil Engineer and Construction Manager, New York, NY, USA and New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ, USA