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Pigment—Protein Complexes in Plastids - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126769609, 9781483272115

Pigment—Protein Complexes in Plastids

1st Edition

Synthesis and Assembly

Editors: Christer Sundqvist Margareta Ryberg
eBook ISBN: 9781483272115
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 26th February 1993
Page Count: 534
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Pigment-Protein Complexes in Plastids: Synthesis and Assembly covers the different aspects of biosynthesis, assembly, and function of pigment-protein complexes.

This book focuses on the molecular biology and physiological relevance of chlorophyll-protein complexes. The regulation and biosynthesis of chlorophyll proteins that involve a coordinated expression of nuclear and plastid genes and require communication among the cell organelles to respond properly to changing light and temperature conditions are also deliberated.

This publication is intended for researchers in the fields of plant molecular biology, genetics, plant physiology and biochemistry, and cell biology, as well as students and teachers in agriculture, horticulture, biology, and biochemistry interested in pigment-protein complexes.

Table of Contents



1 The Chloroplast as Site of Chlorophyll Formation and Photosynthesis: A Short History

I. Introduction

II. The Chloroplast as an Organelle

III. The Chloroplast as Site for Photosynthetic Pigments

IV. The Chloroplast as Site for Photosynthesis

V. Concluding Remarks


2 Plastid Ultrastructure and Development

I. Introduction

II. Common Plastid Features

III. Plastid Types and Development

IV. Concluding Remarks


3 Light and Temperature Regulation of Chloroplast Development

I. Introduction

II. Chloroplast Pigments

III. Pigment-Protein Complexes

IV. Light-Regulated Development

V. Light Effects on Transcription and Translation

VI. Case Study: Regulation of LHCPII

VII. Temperature Effects on Chloroplast Development

VIII. Concluding Remarks


4 Biosynthesis of the Chlorophyll Chromophore of Pigmented Thylakoid Proteins

I. Introduction

II. Early Stages of Chlorophyll Synthesis: The Pathway to Protoporphyrin IX

III. Later Stages of Chlorophyll Synthesis: The Magnesium Branch


5 Protochlorophyllide Reductase: A Key Enzyme in the Greening Process

I. Introduction

II. Light Regulation of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

III. Pigment-Enzyme Complex

IV. Enzyme Activity of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

V. Cloning of Protochlorophyllide Reductase Genes and Primary Structure of Enzyme Protein

VI. Active Site and Membrane Association of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

VII. Concluding Remarks


6 Esterification of Chlorophyllide and Its Implication for Thylakoid Development

I. Introduction

II. Detection and Characterization of Chlorophyll Synthetase Activity

III. Hydrogenation of Geranylgeranyl Derivatives

IV. Translation of Plastid-Encoded Chlorophyll a Apoproteins and Chlorophyll Synthetase Reaction

V. Influence of Metal Chelators and 5-Aminolevulinate on Chlorophyll Synthetase of Developing Plastids

VI. Concluding Remarks


7 Chloroplast Lipids and the Assembly of Membranes

I. Introduction

II. Plastici Lipids and Localization of Biosynthesis

III. Heterogeneity of Lipids in Inner Plastid Membranes

IV. Specific Interactions Between Thylakoid Lipids and Chlorophyll Protein Complexes in Photosystem II

V. Assembly of Prolamellar Body Membranes


8 Regulation, Synthesis, and Integration of Chloroplast- and Nuclear-Encoded Proteins

I. Introduction

II. Chloroplast-Encoded Chlorophyll Apoproteins

III. Nuclear-Encoded Chlorophyll-Binding Proteins

IV. Coordination of Nuclear and Plastid Gene Expression

V. Concluding Remarks


9 Import and Routing of Chloroplast Proteins

I. Introduction

II. Chloroplast Targeting Signals

III. Chloroplast Envelope Translocation

IV. Intraorganelle Routing


10 Assembly and Reconstitution of Chlorophyll a/b-Containing Complexes

I. Introduction

II. Chlorophyll a/b-Containing Complexes and Apoproteins

III. Assembly of Light Harvesting Complex II

IV. Reconstitutions

V. Concluding Remarks


11 Photosynthetic Activities During Early Assembly of Thylakoid Membranes

I. Introduction

II. Time Course of Development of Photosynthetic Activities After Single Turnover of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

III. Spectral Changes of Chlorophyll(ide) in Relation to Formation of Photosystems

IV. Synthesis of Chlorophyll a-Binding Polypeptides Induced by Short Illumination

V. Concluding Remarks


12 Structure, Function, and Assembly of Photosystem I

I. Introduction

II. Structural and Functional Characterization of Photosystem I

III. Assembly of Photosystem I

IV. Concluding Remarks


13 Function and Organization of Photosystem II

I. Introduction

II. Function of Photosystem II

III. Structural Organization of Photosystem II

IV. Photoinhibition and Turnover of Photosystem II Components

V. Dynamic Changes and Photosystem II Heterogeneity

VI. Concluding Remarks


14 Carotenoids in Chloroplast Pigment-Protein Complexes

I. Introduction

II. Occurrence and Distribution of Carotenoids

III. Location of Carotenoids in Pigment-Protein Complexes

IV. Functions of Carotenoids in Pigment-Protein Complexes

V. Biosynthesis of Carotenoids

VI. Carotenoid Biosynthesis as Part of Chloroplast Development

VII. Concluding Remarks



15 Molecular Biology of Chromoplast Development

I. Introduction

II. Chromoplasts: Ultrastructure, Chemistry, and Function

III. Genes Affecting Chromoplasts

IV. Chromoplast DNA

V. Chromoplast Proteins

VI. Chromoplasts and Leucoplasts: Importance of Not Being Green

VII. Conclusions and Prospects




No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1993
26th February 1993
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editors

Christer Sundqvist

Margareta Ryberg

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