Pigment—Protein Complexes in Plastids

Pigment—Protein Complexes in Plastids

Synthesis and Assembly

1st Edition - February 26, 1993

Write a review

  • Editors: Christer Sundqvist, Margareta Ryberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272115

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order

Description

Pigment-Protein Complexes in Plastids: Synthesis and Assembly covers the different aspects of biosynthesis, assembly, and function of pigment-protein complexes. This book focuses on the molecular biology and physiological relevance of chlorophyll-protein complexes. The regulation and biosynthesis of chlorophyll proteins that involve a coordinated expression of nuclear and plastid genes and require communication among the cell organelles to respond properly to changing light and temperature conditions are also deliberated. This publication is intended for researchers in the fields of plant molecular biology, genetics, plant physiology and biochemistry, and cell biology, as well as students and teachers in agriculture, horticulture, biology, and biochemistry interested in pigment-protein complexes.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    1 The Chloroplast as Site of Chlorophyll Formation and Photosynthesis: A Short History

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chloroplast as an Organelle

    III. The Chloroplast as Site for Photosynthetic Pigments

    IV. The Chloroplast as Site for Photosynthesis

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    2 Plastid Ultrastructure and Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Common Plastid Features

    III. Plastid Types and Development

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    3 Light and Temperature Regulation of Chloroplast Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Chloroplast Pigments

    III. Pigment-Protein Complexes

    IV. Light-Regulated Development

    V. Light Effects on Transcription and Translation

    VI. Case Study: Regulation of LHCPII

    VII. Temperature Effects on Chloroplast Development

    VIII. Concluding Remarks

    References

    4 Biosynthesis of the Chlorophyll Chromophore of Pigmented Thylakoid Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Early Stages of Chlorophyll Synthesis: The Pathway to Protoporphyrin IX

    III. Later Stages of Chlorophyll Synthesis: The Magnesium Branch

    References

    5 Protochlorophyllide Reductase: A Key Enzyme in the Greening Process

    I. Introduction

    II. Light Regulation of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

    III. Pigment-Enzyme Complex

    IV. Enzyme Activity of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

    V. Cloning of Protochlorophyllide Reductase Genes and Primary Structure of Enzyme Protein

    VI. Active Site and Membrane Association of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

    VII. Concluding Remarks

    References

    6 Esterification of Chlorophyllide and Its Implication for Thylakoid Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Detection and Characterization of Chlorophyll Synthetase Activity

    III. Hydrogenation of Geranylgeranyl Derivatives

    IV. Translation of Plastid-Encoded Chlorophyll a Apoproteins and Chlorophyll Synthetase Reaction

    V. Influence of Metal Chelators and 5-Aminolevulinate on Chlorophyll Synthetase of Developing Plastids

    VI. Concluding Remarks

    References

    7 Chloroplast Lipids and the Assembly of Membranes

    I. Introduction

    II. Plastici Lipids and Localization of Biosynthesis

    III. Heterogeneity of Lipids in Inner Plastid Membranes

    IV. Specific Interactions Between Thylakoid Lipids and Chlorophyll Protein Complexes in Photosystem II

    V. Assembly of Prolamellar Body Membranes

    References

    8 Regulation, Synthesis, and Integration of Chloroplast- and Nuclear-Encoded Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Chloroplast-Encoded Chlorophyll Apoproteins

    III. Nuclear-Encoded Chlorophyll-Binding Proteins

    IV. Coordination of Nuclear and Plastid Gene Expression

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    9 Import and Routing of Chloroplast Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Chloroplast Targeting Signals

    III. Chloroplast Envelope Translocation

    IV. Intraorganelle Routing

    References

    10 Assembly and Reconstitution of Chlorophyll a/b-Containing Complexes

    I. Introduction

    II. Chlorophyll a/b-Containing Complexes and Apoproteins

    III. Assembly of Light Harvesting Complex II

    IV. Reconstitutions

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    11 Photosynthetic Activities During Early Assembly of Thylakoid Membranes

    I. Introduction

    II. Time Course of Development of Photosynthetic Activities After Single Turnover of Protochlorophyllide Reductase

    III. Spectral Changes of Chlorophyll(ide) in Relation to Formation of Photosystems

    IV. Synthesis of Chlorophyll a-Binding Polypeptides Induced by Short Illumination

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    12 Structure, Function, and Assembly of Photosystem I

    I. Introduction

    II. Structural and Functional Characterization of Photosystem I

    III. Assembly of Photosystem I

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    13 Function and Organization of Photosystem II

    I. Introduction

    II. Function of Photosystem II

    III. Structural Organization of Photosystem II

    IV. Photoinhibition and Turnover of Photosystem II Components

    V. Dynamic Changes and Photosystem II Heterogeneity

    VI. Concluding Remarks

    References

    14 Carotenoids in Chloroplast Pigment-Protein Complexes

    I. Introduction

    II. Occurrence and Distribution of Carotenoids

    III. Location of Carotenoids in Pigment-Protein Complexes

    IV. Functions of Carotenoids in Pigment-Protein Complexes

    V. Biosynthesis of Carotenoids

    VI. Carotenoid Biosynthesis as Part of Chloroplast Development

    VII. Concluding Remarks

    Appendix

    References

    15 Molecular Biology of Chromoplast Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Chromoplasts: Ultrastructure, Chemistry, and Function

    III. Genes Affecting Chromoplasts

    IV. Chromoplast DNA

    V. Chromoplast Proteins

    VI. Chromoplasts and Leucoplasts: Importance of Not Being Green

    VII. Conclusions and Prospects

    References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 534
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1993
  • Published: February 26, 1993
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272115

About the Editors

Christer Sundqvist

Margareta Ryberg

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Pigment—Protein Complexes in Plastids"