Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes V2

Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes V2

1st Edition - January 28, 1982

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  • Editor: Mark Mount
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147200

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Description

Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes, Volume 2, provides an understanding of the diversity and complexity of diseases caused by these organisms. It is part of a two-volume treatise that summarizes current research on phytopathogenic prokaryotes. The book is organized into five parts. Part I describes the movement of pathogens from one host to another. The concepts to be presented are essential for understanding the epidemiology and, therefore, the control of diseases caused by prokaryotes. Parts II and III elaborate on the dynamic nature of host/parasite interaction. First to be presented are methods by which hosts may evolve to minimize damage caused by their pathogens. Second, the mechanisms for rapid genetic change available to the pathogen to counteract host defenses are discussed. Part IV emphasizes control of diseases caused by prokaryotes. Manipulation of plant-prokaryote interactions to break the disease cycle or minimize losses is discussed in regard to cultural practices, host breeding, biological control, and chemical control. Part V deals with cultivation and preservation of phytopathogenic prokaryotes.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume 1

    Part I Epidemiology and Dispersal

    Chapter 1 How Bacteria Find Their Hosts

    I. Introduction

    II. How Plants Are Freed from Bacteria

    III. Bacteria in the Growing Milieu

    IV. Dissemination in Vegetatively Propagated Plant Parts

    V. Dissemination in Seed

    VI. Insect Transmission

    VII. Transmission via Collateral Hosts

    VIII. Airborne Dispersal

    IX. Activities of Man

    X. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 2 Field Dispersal of Soft Rot Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Dispersal by Insects

    III. Dispersal in Aerosols

    IV. Dispersal through Soil

    V. Dispersal by Cultural Practices

    VI. Other Means of Dispersal

    VII. Summary

    References

    Chapter 3 The Impaired Host and Soft Rot Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. The Soft Rot Bacteria

    III. Crop Contamination

    IV. Latency

    V. Disease Development

    References

    Chapter 4 Fastidious Prokaryotes: Epidemiology of the Hidden Pathogens

    I. Introduction

    II. Overviews of Four Diseases

    III. Fastidious Prokaryotes in Their Plant Hosts

    IV. Fastidious Prokaryotes in Their Vector Hosts

    V. How Vector Biology Affects Disease Spread

    VI. Future for Epidemiological Research

    References

    Part II Host Coevolution with the Pathogen

    Chapter 5 Host Resistance and Host-Parasite Interactions: A Perspective

    I. Introduction

    II. Gene-for-Gene Interactions

    III. Identification of Genes for Parasitism

    IV. Host Genes in Parasitic Interactions

    V. Direction for Future Research

    References

    Chapter 6 Preformed Resistance Mechanisms

    I. Introduction

    II. Physical Barriers: The Epidermis

    III. Bacterial Entry

    IV. Protection of Internal Tissues

    V. The Resistant State

    VI. Summary

    References

    Chapter 7 Induced Resistance

    I. Introduction

    II. Induced Resistance against Bacteria

    III. The Pseudomonas solanacearum Story

    IV. Induced Resistance against Diverse Challengers

    V. The Nature of Induced Resistance-An Hypothesis

    VI. From the Laboratory to the Field

    References

    Chapter 8 Hypersensitivity

    I. Introduction

    II. Determination and Characterization of Hypersensitivity

    III. Specificity of the Hypersensitive Reaction (HR)

    IV. Influence of Environmental Conditions on HR

    V. Development of HR

    VI. Similarity of Necrosis Development in Hypersensitive and Normosensitive Hosts

    VII. Suppression of HR Development

    VIII. Is the Hypersensitive Necrotic Lesion a Consequence of Bacteriostasis?

    IX. Practical Aspects for HR Use

    X. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 9 Recognition of Bacterial Pathogens by Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanisms Conferring Basic Compatibility

    III. Mechanisms Conferring Plant Resistance

    IV. Specific Recognition of Pathogens

    V. Plant Recognition Systems

    VI. Genetic Approaches to the Study of Recognition

    VII. Epilogue

    References

    Part III Pathogen Coevolution with the Host

    Chapter 10 Why Genetics?

    I. Introduction

    II. Genetics of Pathogenicity

    III. The "Null Hypothesis" Approach

    IV. Accomplishments Involving Prokaryotic Genetics

    V. Prospects

    References

    Chapter 11 Chromosomal Genetics of Pseudomonas spp. and Erwinia spp.

    I. Introduction

    II. Leaf-Spotting Pseudomonads

    III. Erwinia

    References

    Chapter 12 Plasmids in Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. Occurrence of Plasmids in Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

    III. Functions of Plasmids

    IV. Role of Indigenous Plasmids in Genetic Exchange

    V. Areas for Future Research

    References

    Chapter 13 Bridging the Gap to Plants: Bacterial DNA in Plant Cells

    I. Introduction

    II. The Process of Ti Plasmid Transfer to Plant Cells

    III. Amounts of T-DNA in Tumor Cells

    IV. Prospects for Genetic Engineering

    References

    Chapter 14 Prospectus for Genetic Engineering in Agriculture

    I. Introduction

    II. Complexity of the Problem

    III. Gene Vector Systems

    IV. Suitable Genes and Strategies for Plant Disease Control

    V. Transformation of Higher Plant Cells

    VI. Future Prospects

    References

    Part IV Strategies for Control

    Chapter 15 Manipulation of Plant-Prokaryote Interaction

    I. Introduction

    II. The Pathogen

    III. The Host

    IV. Strategies for Manipulating Plant-Prokaryote Interactions

    References

    Chapter 16 Disease Management by Cultural Practices and Environmental Control

    I. Introduction

    II. Pathogen-Free Planting and Propagating Material

    III. Planting Site Selection

    IV. Host Nutrition

    V. Sanitation

    VI. Other Cultural Practices

    VII. Environmental Controls

    VIII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 17 Control of Prokaryotes by Host Breeding

    I. Introduction

    II. Early Research on Breeding for Resistance

    III. Breeding Crop Plants for Resistance to Prokaryotes

    IV. Tissue-Cell Culture and Host Resistance

    V. Multilines and Resistance

    VI. Prospects for the Future

    References

    Chapter 18 Biological Control of Plant Pathogens with Prokaryotes

    I. Introduction

    II. Definitions and Terms

    III. Control of Phytopathogenic Bacteria with Bacteria

    IV. Control of Phytopathogenic Fungi with Bacteria

    V. Phytopathogenic Bacteria as Control Agents

    VI. Bacteriophages and Parasitic Bacteria

    VII. Prospects for Biological Control and Recommendations

    References

    Chapter 19 Chemical Control of Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemicals Used for Control

    III. Use of Chemicals to Reduce Inoculum

    IV. Determining the Need for and Timing of Control Action

    V. The Future of Chemical Control

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Part V Cultivation and Preservation

    Chapter 20 Cultivation in Vitro: Spiroplasmas, Plant Mycoplasmas, and Other Fastidious, Walled Prokaryotes

    I. Introduction

    II. Cultivation of Spiroplasmas

    III. Cultivation of Plant Mycoplasmas (MLOs)

    IV. Cultivation of Other Fastidious, Walled Prokaryotes

    V. Concluding Remarks

    References

    Chapter 21 Preservation of Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes

    I. Introduction

    II. Factors Affecting in Vitro Survival

    III. Preservation Methods

    IV. Discussion

    References

    Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 524
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1982
  • Published: January 28, 1982
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323147200

About the Editor

Mark Mount

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