Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes V2 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125090025, 9780323147200

Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes V2

1st Edition

Editors: Mark Mount
eBook ISBN: 9780323147200
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1982
Page Count: 524
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Description

Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes, Volume 2, provides an understanding of the diversity and complexity of diseases caused by these organisms. It is part of a two-volume treatise that summarizes current research on phytopathogenic prokaryotes. The book is organized into five parts. Part I describes the movement of pathogens from one host to another. The concepts to be presented are essential for understanding the epidemiology and, therefore, the control of diseases caused by prokaryotes. Parts II and III elaborate on the dynamic nature of host/parasite interaction. First to be presented are methods by which hosts may evolve to minimize damage caused by their pathogens. Second, the mechanisms for rapid genetic change available to the pathogen to counteract host defenses are discussed. Part IV emphasizes control of diseases caused by prokaryotes. Manipulation of plant-prokaryote interactions to break the disease cycle or minimize losses is discussed in regard to cultural practices, host breeding, biological control, and chemical control. Part V deals with cultivation and preservation of phytopathogenic prokaryotes.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Contents of Volume 1

Part I Epidemiology and Dispersal

Chapter 1 How Bacteria Find Their Hosts

I. Introduction

II. How Plants Are Freed from Bacteria

III. Bacteria in the Growing Milieu

IV. Dissemination in Vegetatively Propagated Plant Parts

V. Dissemination in Seed

VI. Insect Transmission

VII. Transmission via Collateral Hosts

VIII. Airborne Dispersal

IX. Activities of Man

X. Conclusions

References

Chapter 2 Field Dispersal of Soft Rot Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. Dispersal by Insects

III. Dispersal in Aerosols

IV. Dispersal through Soil

V. Dispersal by Cultural Practices

VI. Other Means of Dispersal

VII. Summary

References

Chapter 3 The Impaired Host and Soft Rot Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. The Soft Rot Bacteria

III. Crop Contamination

IV. Latency

V. Disease Development

References

Chapter 4 Fastidious Prokaryotes: Epidemiology of the Hidden Pathogens

I. Introduction

II. Overviews of Four Diseases

III. Fastidious Prokaryotes in Their Plant Hosts

IV. Fastidious Prokaryotes in Their Vector Hosts

V. How Vector Biology Affects Disease Spread

VI. Future for Epidemiological Research

References

Part II Host Coevolution with the Pathogen

Chapter 5 Host Resistance and Host-Parasite Interactions: A Perspective

I. Introduction

II. Gene-for-Gene Interactions

III. Identification of Genes for Parasitism

IV. Host Genes in Parasitic Interactions

V. Direction for Future Research

References

Chapter 6 Preformed Resistance Mechanisms

I. Introduction

II. Physical Barriers: The Epidermis

III. Bacterial Entry

IV. Protection of Internal Tissues

V. The Resistant State

VI. Summary

References

Chapter 7 Induced Resistance

I. Introduction

II. Induced Resistance against Bacteria

III. The Pseudomonas solanacearum Story

IV. Induced Resistance against Diverse Challengers

V. The Nature of Induced Resistance-An Hypothesis

VI. From the Laboratory to the Field

References

Chapter 8 Hypersensitivity

I. Introduction

II. Determination and Characterization of Hypersensitivity

III. Specificity of the Hypersensitive Reaction (HR)

IV. Influence of Environmental Conditions on HR

V. Development of HR

VI. Similarity of Necrosis Development in Hypersensitive and Normosensitive Hosts

VII. Suppression of HR Development

VIII. Is the Hypersensitive Necrotic Lesion a Consequence of Bacteriostasis?

IX. Practical Aspects for HR Use

X. Conclusion

References

Chapter 9 Recognition of Bacterial Pathogens by Plants

I. Introduction

II. Mechanisms Conferring Basic Compatibility

III. Mechanisms Conferring Plant Resistance

IV. Specific Recognition of Pathogens

V. Plant Recognition Systems

VI. Genetic Approaches to the Study of Recognition

VII. Epilogue

References

Part III Pathogen Coevolution with the Host

Chapter 10 Why Genetics?

I. Introduction

II. Genetics of Pathogenicity

III. The "Null Hypothesis" Approach

IV. Accomplishments Involving Prokaryotic Genetics

V. Prospects

References

Chapter 11 Chromosomal Genetics of Pseudomonas spp. and Erwinia spp.

I. Introduction

II. Leaf-Spotting Pseudomonads

III. Erwinia

References

Chapter 12 Plasmids in Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

I. Introduction

II. Occurrence of Plasmids in Plant Pathogenic Bacteria

III. Functions of Plasmids

IV. Role of Indigenous Plasmids in Genetic Exchange

V. Areas for Future Research

References

Chapter 13 Bridging the Gap to Plants: Bacterial DNA in Plant Cells

I. Introduction

II. The Process of Ti Plasmid Transfer to Plant Cells

III. Amounts of T-DNA in Tumor Cells

IV. Prospects for Genetic Engineering

References

Chapter 14 Prospectus for Genetic Engineering in Agriculture

I. Introduction

II. Complexity of the Problem

III. Gene Vector Systems

IV. Suitable Genes and Strategies for Plant Disease Control

V. Transformation of Higher Plant Cells

VI. Future Prospects

References

Part IV Strategies for Control

Chapter 15 Manipulation of Plant-Prokaryote Interaction

I. Introduction

II. The Pathogen

III. The Host

IV. Strategies for Manipulating Plant-Prokaryote Interactions

References

Chapter 16 Disease Management by Cultural Practices and Environmental Control

I. Introduction

II. Pathogen-Free Planting and Propagating Material

III. Planting Site Selection

IV. Host Nutrition

V. Sanitation

VI. Other Cultural Practices

VII. Environmental Controls

VIII. Conclusions

References

Chapter 17 Control of Prokaryotes by Host Breeding

I. Introduction

II. Early Research on Breeding for Resistance

III. Breeding Crop Plants for Resistance to Prokaryotes

IV. Tissue-Cell Culture and Host Resistance

V. Multilines and Resistance

VI. Prospects for the Future

References

Chapter 18 Biological Control of Plant Pathogens with Prokaryotes

I. Introduction

II. Definitions and Terms

III. Control of Phytopathogenic Bacteria with Bacteria

IV. Control of Phytopathogenic Fungi with Bacteria

V. Phytopathogenic Bacteria as Control Agents

VI. Bacteriophages and Parasitic Bacteria

VII. Prospects for Biological Control and Recommendations

References

Chapter 19 Chemical Control of Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes

I. Introduction

II. Chemicals Used for Control

III. Use of Chemicals to Reduce Inoculum

IV. Determining the Need for and Timing of Control Action

V. The Future of Chemical Control

VI. Conclusions

References

Part V Cultivation and Preservation

Chapter 20 Cultivation in Vitro: Spiroplasmas, Plant Mycoplasmas, and Other Fastidious, Walled Prokaryotes

I. Introduction

II. Cultivation of Spiroplasmas

III. Cultivation of Plant Mycoplasmas (MLOs)

IV. Cultivation of Other Fastidious, Walled Prokaryotes

V. Concluding Remarks

References

Chapter 21 Preservation of Phytopathogenic Prokaryotes

I. Introduction

II. Factors Affecting in Vitro Survival

III. Preservation Methods

IV. Discussion

References

Index






Details

No. of pages:
524
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323147200

About the Editor

Mark Mount

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