Physiology of Woody Plants - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780120887651, 9780080568713

Physiology of Woody Plants

3rd Edition

Authors: Stephen Pallardy
Hardcover ISBN: 9780120887651
eBook ISBN: 9780080568713
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 17th October 2007
Page Count: 464
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Description

  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
    • Publisher Summary
    • HEREDITARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION OF GROWTH
    • PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATION OF GROWTH
    • PROBLEMS OF FORESTERS, HORTICULTURISTS, AND ARBORISTS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 2: The Woody Plant Body
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CROWN FORM
    • STEM FORM
    • VEGETATIVE ORGANS AND TISSUES
    • LEAVES
    • STEMS
    • WOOD STRUCTURE OF GYMNOSPERMS
    • WOOD STRUCTURE OF ANGIOSPERMS
    • BARK
    • ROOTS
    • REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 3: Vegetative Growth
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CELL AND TISSUE GROWTH
    • DORMANCY
    • SHOOT GROWTH
    • SHOOT TYPES AND GROWTH PATTERNS
    • SHOOT GROWTH IN THE TROPICS
    • CAMBIAL GROWTH
    • ROOT GROWTH
    • SHEDDING OF PLANT PARTS
    • Leaves
    • Branches
    • Bark
    • MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF GROWTH
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 4: Reproductive Growth
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN ANGIOSPERMS
    • SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN GYMNOSPERMS
    • MATURATION OF SEEDS
    • ABSCISSION OF REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 5: Photosynthesis
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CHLOROPLAST DEVELOPMENT AND STRUCTURE
    • THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC MECHANISM
    • CARBON DIOXIDE UPTAKE BY PHOTOSYNTHETIC TISSUES
    • CARBON AND OXYGEN ISOTOPE DISCRIMINATION DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS
    • VARIATIONS IN RATES OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
    • ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
    • WATER SUPPLY
    • PLANT FACTORS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 6: Enzymes, Energetics, and Respiration
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • ENZYMES AND ENERGETICS
    • RESPIRATION
    • RESPIRATION OF PLANTS AND PLANT PARTS
    • FACTORS AFFECTING RESPIRATION
    • ASSIMILATION
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 7: Carbohydrates
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • KINDS OF CARBOHYDRATES
    • CARBOHYDRATE TRANSFORMATIONS
    • USES OF CARBOHYDRATES
    • ACCUMULATION OF CARBOHYDRATES
    • AUTUMN COLORATION
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 8: Lipids, Terpenes, and Related Substances
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • LIPIDS
    • WAXES, CUTIN, AND SUBERIN
    • INTERNAL LIPIDS
    • ISOPRENOIDS OR TERPENOIDS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 9: Nitrogen Metabolism
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS OF NITROGEN
    • IMPORTANT NITROGEN COMPOUNDS
    • NITROGEN REQUIREMENTS
    • SOURCES OF NITROGEN
    • THE NITROGEN CYCLE
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 10: Mineral Nutrition
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUNCTIONS OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS AND EFFECTS OF DEFICIENCIES
    • ACCUMULATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS
    • MINERAL CYCLING
    • THE SOIL MINERAL POOL
    • LOSSES OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS FROM ECOSYSTEMS
    • ABSORPTION OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 11: Absorption of Water and Ascent of Sap
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • ABSORPTION OF WATER
    • WATER ABSORPTION PROCESSES
    • ROOT AND STEM PRESSURES
    • ASCENT OF SAP
    • THE WATER CONDUCTING SYSTEM
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 12: Transpiration and Plant Water Balance
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FACTORS AFFECTING TRANSPIRATION
    • INTERACTION OF FACTORS AFFECTING TRANSPIRATION
    • TRANSPIRATION RATES
    • WATER LOSS FROM PLANT STANDS
    • THE WATER BALANCE
    • EFFECTS OF WATER STRESS
    • ADAPTATION TO DROUGHT
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 13: Plant Hormones and Other Signaling Molecules
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • MAJOR CLASSES OF PLANT HORMONES
    • OTHER REGULATORY COMPOUNDS
    • MECHANISMS OF HORMONE ACTION
    • SUMMARY
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Key Features

  • The only book to provide recommendations for the use of specific management practices and experimental procedures and equipment *Updated coverage of nearly all topics of interest to woody plant physiologists
  • Extensive revisions of chapters relating to key processes in growth, photosynthesis, and water relations
  • More than 500 new references
  • Examples of molecular-level evidence incorporated in discussion of the role of expansion proteins in plant growth; mechanism of ATP production by coupling factor in photosynthesis; the role of cellulose synthase in cell wall construction; structure-function relationships for aquaporin proteins

Readership

agroforesters; agronomists; arborists; plant pathologists; ecophysiologists; soil scientists; students and researchers

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
    • Publisher Summary
    • HEREDITARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION OF GROWTH
    • PHYSIOLOGICAL REGULATION OF GROWTH
    • PROBLEMS OF FORESTERS, HORTICULTURISTS, AND ARBORISTS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 2: The Woody Plant Body
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CROWN FORM
    • STEM FORM
    • VEGETATIVE ORGANS AND TISSUES
    • LEAVES
    • STEMS
    • WOOD STRUCTURE OF GYMNOSPERMS
    • WOOD STRUCTURE OF ANGIOSPERMS
    • BARK
    • ROOTS
    • REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 3: Vegetative Growth
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CELL AND TISSUE GROWTH
    • DORMANCY
    • SHOOT GROWTH
    • SHOOT TYPES AND GROWTH PATTERNS
    • SHOOT GROWTH IN THE TROPICS
    • CAMBIAL GROWTH
    • ROOT GROWTH
    • SHEDDING OF PLANT PARTS
    • Leaves
    • Branches
    • Bark
    • MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS OF GROWTH
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 4: Reproductive Growth
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN ANGIOSPERMS
    • SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN GYMNOSPERMS
    • MATURATION OF SEEDS
    • ABSCISSION OF REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 5: Photosynthesis
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • CHLOROPLAST DEVELOPMENT AND STRUCTURE
    • THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC MECHANISM
    • CARBON DIOXIDE UPTAKE BY PHOTOSYNTHETIC TISSUES
    • CARBON AND OXYGEN ISOTOPE DISCRIMINATION DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS
    • VARIATIONS IN RATES OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
    • ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
    • WATER SUPPLY
    • PLANT FACTORS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 6: Enzymes, Energetics, and Respiration
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • ENZYMES AND ENERGETICS
    • RESPIRATION
    • RESPIRATION OF PLANTS AND PLANT PARTS
    • FACTORS AFFECTING RESPIRATION
    • ASSIMILATION
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 7: Carbohydrates
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • KINDS OF CARBOHYDRATES
    • CARBOHYDRATE TRANSFORMATIONS
    • USES OF CARBOHYDRATES
    • ACCUMULATION OF CARBOHYDRATES
    • AUTUMN COLORATION
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 8: Lipids, Terpenes, and Related Substances
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • LIPIDS
    • WAXES, CUTIN, AND SUBERIN
    • INTERNAL LIPIDS
    • ISOPRENOIDS OR TERPENOIDS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 9: Nitrogen Metabolism
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DISTRIBUTION AND SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS OF NITROGEN
    • IMPORTANT NITROGEN COMPOUNDS
    • NITROGEN REQUIREMENTS
    • SOURCES OF NITROGEN
    • THE NITROGEN CYCLE
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 10: Mineral Nutrition
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FUNCTIONS OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS AND EFFECTS OF DEFICIENCIES
    • ACCUMULATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS
    • MINERAL CYCLING
    • THE SOIL MINERAL POOL
    • LOSSES OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS FROM ECOSYSTEMS
    • ABSORPTION OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 11: Absorption of Water and Ascent of Sap
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • ABSORPTION OF WATER
    • WATER ABSORPTION PROCESSES
    • ROOT AND STEM PRESSURES
    • ASCENT OF SAP
    • THE WATER CONDUCTING SYSTEM
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 12: Transpiration and Plant Water Balance
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • FACTORS AFFECTING TRANSPIRATION
    • INTERACTION OF FACTORS AFFECTING TRANSPIRATION
    • TRANSPIRATION RATES
    • WATER LOSS FROM PLANT STANDS
    • THE WATER BALANCE
    • EFFECTS OF WATER STRESS
    • ADAPTATION TO DROUGHT
    • SUMMARY
  • Chapter 13: Plant Hormones and Other Signaling Molecules
    • Publisher Summary
    • INTRODUCTION
    • MAJOR CLASSES OF PLANT HORMONES
    • OTHER REGULATORY COMPOUNDS
    • MECHANISMS OF HORMONE ACTION
    • SUMMARY
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
464
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2008
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080568713
Hardcover ISBN:
9780120887651

About the Author

Stephen Pallardy

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri, Columbia, U.S.A.

Reviews

"... an excellent text for students and reference for a broad range of researchers and growers who need to understand woody plant physiology." Biologia Plantarum