Physiology of Woody Plants - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124250505, 9780323142366

Physiology of Woody Plants

1st Edition

Authors: Paul Kramer
eBook ISBN: 9780323142366
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1979
Page Count: 826
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Description

Physiology of Woody Plants explains how physiological processes are involved in growth of woody plants and how they are affected by the environment, including the mechanisms of the processes themselves.
Organized into 17 chapters, this book discusses the role of plant physiology, as well as the form and structure of woody plant. It also explores the nature and periodicity of shoot, cambial, root, and reproductive growth of trees of the temperate and tropical zones. Other topics elucidated are the process of photosynthesis and respiration, the various substances found in woody plants, plant nutrition, and factors affecting plant growth. This book will be valuable as a text to students and teachers and as a reference to investigators and others who desire a better understanding of how woody plants grow.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 The Role of Plant Physiology

Introduction

The Role of Plant Physiology

The Scope of Tree Physiology

Problems and Prospects

General References

2 Structure

Introduction

Leaves

Stems

Wood Structure of Gymnosperms

Wood Structure of Angiosperms

Bark

Roots

General References

3 Vegetative Growth

Introduction

Shoot Growth

Shoot Types and Growth Patterns

Shoot Growth in the Tropics

Cambial Growth

Root Growth

Measurement and Analysis of Growth

General References

4 Reproductive Growth

Introduction

Periodicity of Reproductive Growth

Sexual Reproduction in Angiosperms

Sexual Reproduction in Gymnosperms

Asexual Reproduction

General References

5 Photosynthesis

Introduction

The Chloroplast Pigments

Factors Affecting Chlorophyll Formation

The Photosynthetic Mechanism

Variations in Rates of Photosynthesis

Factors Affecting Photosynthesis

General References

6 Enzymes, Energetics, and Respiration

Introduction

Enzymes and Energetics

Respiration

Respiration of Plants and Plant Parts

Factors Affecting Respiration

Assimilation

General References

7 Carbohydrates

Introduction

Kinds of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrate Transformations

Uses of Carbohydrates

Accumulation of Carbohydrates

Seasonal Cycles in Carbohydrate Content

Autumn Coloration

General References

8 Lipids, Terpenes, and Related Substances

Introduction

Lipids

Waxes, Cutin, and Suberin

Internal Lipid Layers

Compound Lipids

Occurrence of Lipids in Woody Plants

Isoprenoids or Terpenes

Functions of Secondary Compounds in Plants

General References

9 Nitrogen Metabolism and Nutrition

Introduction

Distribution and Seasonal Fluctuations of Nitrogen

Important Nitrogen Compounds

Nitrogen Requirements

Sources of Nitrogen

The Nitrogen Cycle

General References

10 Mineral Nutrition and Salt Absorption

Mineral Nutrition

Salt Absorption

General References

11 Translocation

Introduction

Water Transport

Mineral Transport

Translocation of Organic Compounds

Interplant Translocation

Mechanisms of Phloem Translocation

Control of Phloem Transport

General References

12 The Importance of Water and the Process of Transpiration

Introduction

Transpiration

Plant Factors Affecting Transpiration

Stomata

Interaction of Factors Affecting Transpiration

Measurement of Transpiration

Transpiration Rates

Water Loss from Plant Stands

General References

13 Absorption of Water, Ascent of Sap, and Water Balance

The Absorption of Water

Water Absorption Mechanisms

Root and Stem Pressures

Factors Affecting Water Absorption

The Ascent of Sap

The Water Conducting System

The Water Balance

Drought Tolerance

Measurement of Water Stress

General References

14 Physiology of Seeds and Seedlings

Introduction

Seed Structure and Composition

Seed Longevity

Seed Testing

Patterns of Seed Germination

Environmental Control of Seed Germination

Physiology of Seed Germination

Seed Dormancy

Physiology of Young Seedlings

General References

15 Growth Regulators

Introduction

General Controls

Naturally Occurring Hormones

Interactions of Hormones

Growth Regulators and Disease

General References

16 Internal Factors Affecting Growth

Introduction

Internal Control of Vegetative Growth

Internal Control of Reproductive Growth

Internal Correlations

Crown Form

General References

17 Environmental and Cultural Factors Affecting Growth

Introduction

Complexity of Environmental Control of Growth

Environmental Control of Vegetative Growth

Cultural Practices and Vegetative Growth

Insects and Diseases

Pollution

Fire

Environmental Control of Reproductive Growth

Cultural Practices and Reproductive Growth

General References

18 Scientific and Common Names of Woody Plants

Bibliography

Index


Details

No. of pages:
826
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323142366

About the Author

Paul Kramer