Physiology of the Cladocera

1st Edition

Authors: Nikolai Smirnov
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123969538
eBook ISBN: 9780123972347
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 24th October 2013
Page Count: 352
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The Physiology of Cladocera is a much-needed summary of foundational information on these increasingly important model organisms. This unique and valuable summary is based on the world's literature, including Russian research not widely available until now. It offers systematically arranged data on the physiology of Cladocera, assisting with explanation of their life and distribution, as well as discussion on directions of future research. Special expert contributions in genetics, immunology, and cytology round out the physiological chapters and provide comprehensive insight into the state of knowledge of Cladocera and its underlying mechanisms.

Cladocera crustaceans make up a significant part of the natural communities and biological productivity of fresh waters. In recent decades, they have become globally studied for many purposes, including systematics, genetic, molecular, ecological and evolutionary biology studies. They are also used as "sentinel" organisms for assessing water quality and the environment. In addition, the genome of Daphnia (a genus within Cladocera) was recently sequenced and published, giving this system a much wider exposure. It has also led to a rapidly growing awareness of the importance of understanding physiological processes as they relate to evolutionary and ecological genomics and ecogenomic toxicology.

Despite the increasing use of Cladocera in research and study, physiological background information on these creatures is fragmentary. Hundreds of unconnected publications have been accumulated on their physiology, and a synthesis and general representation of the literature has been much needed for the many researchers working with this organism. The Physiology of Cladocera stands alone as a valuable and comprehensive offering in this area for many researchers and students.

Key Features

  • Collects and synthesizes from the worldwide literature the state of knowledge of cladoceran physiology
  • Forward-looking perspective incorporates information from the emerging technological worlds of genomics, cytology, chemical communication, and immunology
  • Provides foundational information on Cladocera physiology for researchers in various fields, including conservation and evolutionary biology, genomics, ecology, ecotoxicology, and comparative physiology


Researchers in zoology, comparative physiology, and ecology; applied researchers in environmental monitoring, conservation biology and toxicology; university-level students and instructors in these areas

Table of Contents





Chapter 1. General

1.1 Systematic Position

1.2 General Morphological Background

1.3 Size and Weight Characteristics

Chapter 2. Methods

Chapter 3. Chemical Composition

3.1 Moisture Content and Calorific Value

3.2 Principal Organic Constituents

3.3 Xenobiotics in the Cladoceran Body

Chapter 4. Nutrition

4.1 Feeding

4.2 Feeding Characteristics

4.3 Digestion

4.4 Digestion of Particular Substances

4.5 Assimilation

4.6 Starvation

4.7 Natural Toxicity

4.8 Impact of Xenobiotics on Digestion

Chapter 5. Respiration

5.1 Anatomical Background

5.2 Environmental Background

5.3 Oxygen Consumption

5.4 Hemoglobin and Iron

5.5 Evolution of Carbon Dioxide and the Respiratory Quotient

5.6 Energy Budget

5.7 Hypoxia

5.8 Anoxia

5.9 Impact of Xenobiotics on Respiration

Chapter 6. Circulation

6.1 Anatomical Background: Blood Cells

6.2 Blood Flow

6.3 Heart Rate

6.4 Heart Regulation

6.5 Heart Arrest

6.6 Adhesion of Blood Cells

6.7 Phagocytosis

6.8 Impact of Xenobiotics on Heart Rate

Chapter 7. Excretion

7.1 Anatomical Background

7.2 The Process of Excretion

7.3 Bioaccumulation of Toxic Substances

7.4 Transformation of Xenobiotics

7.5 The Routes of Elimination of Xenobiotics

Chapter 8. Osmotic Regulation

8.1 Potential Anatomical Background

8.2 Environmental Background

8.3 Water Balance: the Impermeability of Chitin to Water

8.4 Process of Osmotic Regulation

8.5 Effect of Xenobiotics on Osmotic Regulation

Chapter 9. Cell and Tissue Metabolism

9.1 Metabolism in Tissues

9.2 Effects of Xenobiotics on Cytology and


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© Academic Press 2014
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About the Author

Nikolai Smirnov

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Ecology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia