Physiology of Plants and Their Cells

Physiology of Plants and Their Cells

Pergamon Biological Sciences Series

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Author: James A. Goss
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483151816

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Physiology of Plants and Their Cells is a 20-chapter book introducing the field of plant physiology. Plant physiology is generally a study of the living activity of the plant. This book begins by elucidating the value of plants to man, and describing the plant cells including its classification, structure, and nutrition. Subsequent chapters explain the role of water, minerals, and photosynthesis in plant physiology. Other topics on plants underlined in this book include energy storage, utilization, and loss; amino acid synthesis; metabolism; proteins; enzymes; phytochemistry; membranes; intercellular communication; growth; longevity; senescence; and death. Lastly, the relevance of plant physiology to contemporary problems facing mankind is explained. This book will be useful as a general reference for teachers and scientists interested in certain aspects of the field, as well as for students of biology and agriculture.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1 The Plant Cell and Its Nutrition

    Values of Plants to Man

    What is Plant Physiology?

    The Living Cell

    Cell Classification

    Plant Cell Structure

    Intracellular Transport

    Cell Nutrition

    Chapter 2 Water Enters the Plant

    Soil Structure

    Soil Profile

    Soil Water

    The Soil Solution

    Water Potential

    Plant Roots

    Water Enters the Plant


    Chapter 3 Distribution of Water within the Plant

    Water Moves through the Root

    Mechanisms of Water Movement

    Lateral Water Movement

    Water Moves into the Cell

    Loss of Water from the Plant

    Control of Water Loss

    Extent of Water Loss

    Plant Water Content

    Chapter 4 The Functions of Water within the Plant

    Properties of Water

    Importance of Water to the Plant

    How Water Functions

    States of Water within the Plant

    Drought Tolerance

    Chapter 5 Mineral Nutrition of Plants

    Plant Ash

    The Mineral Nutrients

    Entrance of Minerals into Plants

    Theories of Ion Uptake

    Loss of Minerals from Plants

    Plant Culture Techniques

    Uptake of Specific Ions

    Chapter 6 Photosynthesis and Carbon Dioxide Fixation

    Carbon Dioxide in the Environment

    Carbon Dioxide Enters the Plant

    Dark Fixation of Carbon Dioxide

    Carbon Dioxide Fixation through Photosynthesis

    Importance of Photosynthesis

    Where Photosynthesis Occurs

    Mechanism of Photosynthetic Carbon Fixation—Calvin Cycle

    The C-4 Dicarboxylic Acid Pathway

    How Photosynthesis is Measured

    Extent of Photosynthesis

    Factors which Alter Photosynthesis

    Chapter 7 Photosynthesis and the Entrance of Energy into the Cell

    Forms of Energy

    Radiant Energy


    Chlorophyll Synthesis

    The Chloroplast

    Control of Chlorophyll Synthesis

    Chlorophyll Degradation

    Other Chloroplast Pigments

    Chloroplast Structure

    The Light Reactions of Photosynthesis

    The High Energy Reaction

    The Phytochrome Reaction

    Fungal Response to Light



    Ultraviolet Radiation


    Chapter 8 Energy Storage, Utilization, and Loss

    Mechanisms of Metabolism

    Energy Carriers


    Pathways of Respiration

    Plant Mitochondria

    Respiration Rate

    The Climacteric


    High Temperature Injuries


    Chapter 9 Amino Acid Synthesis and Metabolism

    The Mineral Nutrient Nitrogen

    Available Forms of Nitrogen

    Nitrate Assimilation

    Entrance of Ammonia into Organic Compounds


    Structure of the Amino Acids

    Sulfur as a Mineral Nutrient

    The Entrance of Sulfate into the Plant

    Sulfate Assimilation



    Functions of Amino Acids

    Chapter 10 Plant Proteins

    The Nucleic Acids

    Protein Synthesis

    Protein Classification

    Proteins as Food

    Protein Breakdown

    Chapter 11 Plant Enzymes

    The Structure of Enzymes


    Mechanism of Enzyme Function

    Enzyme Nomenclature

    Enzyme Inhibition

    Enzyme Location within the Cell

    Enzyme Loss

    Types of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions

    Chapter 12 The Regulation of Metabolism

    Metabolic Regulation Defined

    Regulation by Temperature

    Regulation by Solar Radiation

    Regulation by Endogenous Chemicals

    Regulation by Substrate Concentration


    Regulation by Internal Control Systems

    Regulation by Enzyme Concentration

    Chapter 13 Phytochemistry

    Why Chemicals Accumulate

    Metabolic Pools

    Significance of Plant Chemicals

    Storage Carbohydrates

    Fat Storage

    Secondary Plant Products—Waxes

    Essential Oils


    Cyanogenic Glycosides

    Mustard Oil Glycosides


    Phenolic Glycosides

    Phenolic Acids

    Cinnamic Acids












    Synthesis of Phenolic Glycosides


    Chapter 14 Plant Membranes and Their Permeability

    Chemical Structure of the Membrane

    Physical Structure of the Membrane

    Origin of Plant Membranes

    Membrane Functions

    Environmental Control of Permeability

    Mechanisms of Permeability

    Chapter 15 Intercellular Communication

    Rapid Communication



    Auxin Translocation

    Carbohydrate Transport

    Nitrogen Translocation

    Rate of Movement

    Translocation Mechanisms

    Chapter 16 Plant Growth: Cell Division

    Plant Growth

    Cell Division

    Logarithmic Growth

    Sigmoid Growth

    Synchronized Division

    The Cell Cycle

    Plant Polyuronides

    Cell Wall Formation

    Plant Meristems

    Control of Cell Division

    Chapter 17 Plant Growth: Cell Enlargement

    Sigmoid Growth Curve

    Cell Enlargement

    Water and Cell Enlargement

    Cell Wall Polysaccharides

    Polysaccharide Derivatives

    Cell Wall Structure

    Mechanism of Wall Expansion

    Wall Hormones

    Rates of Cell Enlargement

    Time of Cell Enlargement

    Patterns of Cell Enlargement

    Cell Enlargement in Seeds

    Seed Dormancy

    Seed Germination

    Physiology of Seed Germination

    Fruit Growth

    Chapter 18 Differentiation and Correlative Development

    Constancy of DNA

    Intercellular Differences

    Differentiation in the Zygote

    Embryo Development

    Differentiation in Callus Tissue

    Control of Growth Dimension

    Correlative Development

    Floral Initiation

    Bud Dormancy


    Vegetative Reproduction

    Chapter 19 Longevity, Senescence, and Death



    Fruit Ripening


    Delay of Senescence

    Internal Causes of Senescence


    Chapter 20 The Relevance of Plant Physiology

    Physiology of Crop Production

    The Plant's Environment

    Primary Factors

    Plant Propagation

    Plant Diseases



    Growth Inhibitors and Retardants



Product details

  • No. of pages: 474
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483151816

About the Author

James A. Goss

About the Editor

Peter Gray

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