Physiology of Mollusca

Physiology of Mollusca

Volume II

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Editors: Karl M. Wilbur, C. M. Yonge
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483275857

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Physiology of Mollusca, Volume II focuses on the physiology of mollusks, as well as feeding, digestion, mechanics of the heart, metabolism, and pigmentation. The selection first offers information on feeding and digestion, including Amphineura, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, anatomy of the gut, movement of food, and digestive diverticula. The text then elaborates on feeding and digestion in cephalopods and heart, circulation, and blood cells. Discussions focus on food and feeding, mechanics of heart and circulation, control of the heart, cardioregulatory substances, and blood cells. The publication considers respiration, molluscan hemoglobin and myoglobin, and molluscan hemocyanins. The text then examines the pigmentation of mollusks, carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism, physiology of the nervous system, and sense organs. Topics include indole pigments, sugar and polysaccharides, metabolism of nitrogenous compounds, terminal products of nitrogen metabolism in mollusks, and synaptic transmission. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the physiology of mollusks.

Table of Contents

  • Contents



    Contents of Volume I

    1. Feeding

    I. Gastropoda

    II. Amphineura

    III. Scaphopoda

    IV. Bivalvia


    2. Digestion

    I. Anatomy of the Gut

    II. Movement of Food

    III. Digestion

    IV. The Digestive Diverticula

    V. Amoebocytes

    VI. Symbiosis with Unicellular Algae


    3. Feeding and Digestion in Cephalopods

    I. Food and Feeding

    II. Digestion

    III. Summary


    4. Heart, Circulation, and Blood Cells

    I. Introduction

    II. Mechanics of Heart and Circulation

    III. Physiology of Molluscan Cardiac Tissue

    IV. Control of the Heart

    V. Cardioregulatory Substances

    VI. Pharmacology of Hearts

    VII. Blood Cells

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions


    5. Respiration

    I. Types of Respiratory Systems

    II. Oxygen Consumption


    6. Molluscan Hemoglobin and Myoglobin

    I. Function of Hemoglobin in Molluscs

    II. Distribution of Hemoglobin

    III. Cellular and Intracellular Distribution of Hemoglobin

    IV. Hemoglobin Content and Its Variations

    V. Chemical Properties of Molluscan Hemoglobins



    Note Added in Proof

    7. Molluscan Hemocyanins

    I. General

    II. Function

    III. Preparation

    IV. Physical Properties

    V. Chemical Properties

    VI. The Active Site and the Oxygenation Reaction


    8. Pigmentation of Molluscs

    Part 1. Schemochromes or Structural Colors

    Part 2. Biochromes or True Pigments

    I. Carotenoids

    II. Indole Pigments

    III. Tetrapyrroles

    IV. Miscellaneous


    9. Carbohydrate Metabolism

    I. Sugar and Polysaccharides

    II. Pathways of Carbohydrate Metabolism


    10. Nitrogen Metabolism

    I. Nitrogenous Constituents of Molluscan Organisms

    II. The Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds

    III. Nitrogenous Compounds in Osmotic Regulation

    IV. Terminal Products of Nitrogen Metabolism in Molluscs


    11. Excretion

    I. Introduction

    II. Processes in Urine Formation

    III. Systematic Survey of the Phylum

    IV. Summary


    12. Physiology of the Nervous System

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of the Neuron

    III. Properties of Excitable Structures

    IV. Synaptic Transmission

    V. Integration and Plasticity at the Neuronal Level

    VI. Activity and Organization at the Ganglionic Level

    VII. Learning in Mollusca Other Than Cephalopods


    13. Sense Organs (Less Cephalopods)

    I. Introduction

    II. Photoreception

    III. Mechanoreception

    IV. Chemoreception

    V. Perception of Other Stimuli


    14. Cephalopod Sense Organs

    I. Introduction

    II. Internal Receptors

    III. External Contact Receptors

    IV. Eyes


    15. The Brain and Behavior of Cephalopods

    I. Introduction

    II. The Structure of the Brain of Cephalopods

    III. A Note on the Behavior of Octopuses under Laboratory Conditions

    IV. Brain Lesions Affecting Movement and Posture

    V. Visual Learning

    VI. Tactile Learning

    VII. Proprioception and its Role in the Discrimination of Things Seen or Touched

    VIII. The Brains of Cephalopods Other Than Octopus

    IX. The Behavior of Cephalopods, Other Than in Training Experiments

    X. The Brain and Behavior of Nautilus


    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Systematic Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 660
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483275857

About the Editors

Karl M. Wilbur

C. M. Yonge

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