Physiology of Mollusca - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483232423, 9781483275857

Physiology of Mollusca

1st Edition

Volume II

Editors: Karl M. Wilbur C. M. Yonge
eBook ISBN: 9781483275857
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 660
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Physiology of Mollusca, Volume II focuses on the physiology of mollusks, as well as feeding, digestion, mechanics of the heart, metabolism, and pigmentation. The selection first offers information on feeding and digestion, including Amphineura, Gastropoda, Bivalvia, anatomy of the gut, movement of food, and digestive diverticula. The text then elaborates on feeding and digestion in cephalopods and heart, circulation, and blood cells. Discussions focus on food and feeding, mechanics of heart and circulation, control of the heart, cardioregulatory substances, and blood cells.
The publication considers respiration, molluscan hemoglobin and myoglobin, and molluscan hemocyanins. The text then examines the pigmentation of mollusks, carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism, physiology of the nervous system, and sense organs. Topics include indole pigments, sugar and polysaccharides, metabolism of nitrogenous compounds, terminal products of nitrogen metabolism in mollusks, and synaptic transmission.
The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the physiology of mollusks.

Table of Contents




Contents of Volume I

1. Feeding

I. Gastropoda

II. Amphineura

III. Scaphopoda

IV. Bivalvia


2. Digestion

I. Anatomy of the Gut

II. Movement of Food

III. Digestion

IV. The Digestive Diverticula

V. Amoebocytes

VI. Symbiosis with Unicellular Algae


3. Feeding and Digestion in Cephalopods

I. Food and Feeding

II. Digestion

III. Summary


4. Heart, Circulation, and Blood Cells

I. Introduction

II. Mechanics of Heart and Circulation

III. Physiology of Molluscan Cardiac Tissue

IV. Control of the Heart

V. Cardioregulatory Substances

VI. Pharmacology of Hearts

VII. Blood Cells

VIII. Summary and Conclusions


5. Respiration

I. Types of Respiratory Systems

II. Oxygen Consumption


6. Molluscan Hemoglobin and Myoglobin

I. Function of Hemoglobin in Molluscs

II. Distribution of Hemoglobin

III. Cellular and Intracellular Distribution of Hemoglobin

IV. Hemoglobin Content and Its Variations

V. Chemical Properties of Molluscan Hemoglobins



Note Added in Proof

7. Molluscan Hemocyanins

I. General

II. Function

III. Preparation

IV. Physical Properties

V. Chemical Properties

VI. The Active Site and the Oxygenation Reaction


8. Pigmentation of Molluscs

Part 1. Schemochromes or Structural Colors

Part 2. Biochromes or True Pigments

I. Carotenoids

II. Indole Pigments

III. Tetrapyrroles

IV. Miscellaneous


9. Carbohydrate Metabolism

I. Sugar and Polysaccharides

II. Pathways of Carbohydrate Metabolism


10. Nitrogen Metabolism

I. Nitrogenous Constituents of Molluscan Organisms

II. The Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds

III. Nitrogenous Compounds in Osmotic Regulation

IV. Terminal Products of Nitrogen Metabolism in Molluscs


11. Excretion

I. Introduction

II. Processes in Urine Formation

III. Systematic Survey of the Phylum

IV. Summary


12. Physiology of the Nervous System

I. Introduction

II. Structure of the Neuron

III. Properties of Excitable Structures

IV. Synaptic Transmission

V. Integration and Plasticity at the Neuronal Level

VI. Activity and Organization at the Ganglionic Level

VII. Learning in Mollusca Other Than Cephalopods


13. Sense Organs (Less Cephalopods)

I. Introduction

II. Photoreception

III. Mechanoreception

IV. Chemoreception

V. Perception of Other Stimuli


14. Cephalopod Sense Organs

I. Introduction

II. Internal Receptors

III. External Contact Receptors

IV. Eyes


15. The Brain and Behavior of Cephalopods

I. Introduction

II. The Structure of the Brain of Cephalopods

III. A Note on the Behavior of Octopuses under Laboratory Conditions

IV. Brain Lesions Affecting Movement and Posture

V. Visual Learning

VI. Tactile Learning

VII. Proprioception and its Role in the Discrimination of Things Seen or Touched

VIII. The Brains of Cephalopods Other Than Octopus

IX. The Behavior of Cephalopods, Other Than in Training Experiments

X. The Brain and Behavior of Nautilus


Author Index

Subject Index

Systematic Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1966
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Karl M. Wilbur

C. M. Yonge

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