Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Structure and Interaction with Environment - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128012895, 9780128014431

Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Structure and Interaction with Environment, Volume 34A

1st Edition

Editors: Robert Shadwick Anthony Farrell Colin Brauner
eBook ISBN: 9780128014431
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128012895
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 16th November 2015
Page Count: 422
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Table of Contents

  • Contents of Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Internal Processes, Volume 34B
  • Preface
  • List of Abbreviations
  • 1. Elasmobranchs and Their Extinct Relatives: Diversity, Relationships, and Adaptations Through Time
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Systematic and Phylogenetic Framework of Chondrichthyan Diversity
    • 3 Environments and Adaptations
    • 4 Conclusion
    • References
  • 2. How Elasmobranchs Sense Their Environment
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 The Visual System
    • 3 The Non-visual System
    • 4 The Auditory and Vestibular Systems
    • 5 The Electrosensory System
    • 6 The Lateral Line System
    • 7 Cutaneous Mechanoreception
    • 8 The Chemosensory Systems
    • 9 Sensory Input to the Central Nervous System in Elasmobranchs
    • 10 Perspectives on Future Directions
    • References
  • 3. Elasmobranch Gill Structure
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Overview of the Elasmobranch Gill
    • 3 Evolution of the Gill: Elasmobranch Gill Structure in Relation to Other Fishes
    • 4 Elasmobranch Versus Teleost Ventilation
    • 5 Details of the Elasmobranch Gill
    • 6 Diversity in Elasmobranch Gill Dimensions and Morphology
    • 7 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
  • 4. Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics of Feeding in Elasmobranchs
    • 1 General Trophic Morphology
    • 2 Feeding Behaviors
    • 3 Biomechanical Models for Prey Capture
    • 4 Modulation of Muscle Activity
    • 5 Biomechanical Models for Prey Processing and Transport
    • 6 Biomechanics of Filter Feeding
    • 7 Biomechanics of Upper Jaw Protrusion
    • 8 Ecophysiological Patterns
    • References
  • 5. Elasmobranch Muscle Structure and Mechanical Properties
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Fiber Types
    • 3 Contractile Properties
    • 4 Summary
    • 5 Future Directions
    • References
  • 6. Swimming Mechanics and Energetics of Elasmobranch Fishes
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Elasmobranch Locomotor Diversity
    • 3 Elasmobranch Kinematics and Body Mechanics
    • 4 Hydrodynamics of Elasmobranch Locomotion
    • 5 The Remarkable Skin of Elasmobranchs and its Locomotor Function
    • 6 Energetics of Elasmobranch Locomotion
    • 7 Climate Change: Effects on Elasmobranch Locomotor Function
    • 8 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
    • References
  • 7. Reproduction Strategies
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Classification of Reproductive Modes in Elasmobranchs
    • 3 Mating Strategies and Parthenogenesis
    • 4 Classification of Reproductive Cycles in Elasmobranchs
    • 5 Endocrine Control of Reproductive Cycles in Elasmobranchs
    • 6 The Future
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
  • 8. Field Studies of Elasmobranch Physiology
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Thermal Physiology
    • 3 Swimming Kinematics and Energetics
    • 4 A Case Field Study: Thresher Sharks
    • 5 Future Directions in Field Physiology
    • References
  • Index
  • Other Volumes in the Fish Physiology Series

Description

Fish Physiology: Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes, Volume 34A is a useful reference for fish physiologists, biologists, ecologists, and conservation biologists. Following an increase in research on elasmobranchs due to the plight of sharks in today’s oceans, this volume compares elasmobranchs to other groups of fish, highlights areas of interest for future research, and offers perspective on future problems. Covering measurements and lab-and-field based studies of large pelagic sharks, this volume is a natural addition to the renowned Fish Physiology series.

Key Features

  • Provides needed comprehensive content on the physiology of elasmobranchs
  • Offers a systems approach between structure and interaction with the environment and internal physiology
  • Contains contributions by leading experts in their respective fields, under the guidance of internationally recognized and highly respected editors
  • Highlights areas of interest for future research, including perspective on future problems

Readership

Researchers, Students and academics in zoology, marine biology, fish physiology, comparative physiology, ecology and applied researchers in conservation biology


Details

No. of pages:
422
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128014431
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128012895

About the Editors

Robert Shadwick Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Canada Research Chair, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver B.C., Canada

Anthony Farrell Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Colin Brauner Editor

The primary goal of his research program is to investigate environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management.

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada