Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Structure and Interaction with Environment

Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Structure and Interaction with Environment

1st Edition - November 16, 2015

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  • Editors: Robert Shadwick, Anthony Farrell, Colin Brauner
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128014431
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128012895

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Fish Physiology: Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes, Volume 34A is a useful reference for fish physiologists, biologists, ecologists, and conservation biologists. Following an increase in research on elasmobranchs due to the plight of sharks in today’s oceans, this volume compares elasmobranchs to other groups of fish, highlights areas of interest for future research, and offers perspective on future problems. Covering measurements and lab-and-field based studies of large pelagic sharks, this volume is a natural addition to the renowned Fish Physiology series.

Key Features

  • Provides needed comprehensive content on the physiology of elasmobranchs
  • Offers a systems approach between structure and interaction with the environment and internal physiology
  • Contains contributions by leading experts in their respective fields, under the guidance of internationally recognized and highly respected editors
  • Highlights areas of interest for future research, including perspective on future problems


Researchers, Students and academics in zoology, marine biology, fish physiology, comparative physiology, ecology and applied researchers in conservation biology

Table of Contents

    • Contents of Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Internal Processes, Volume 34B
    • Preface
    • List of Abbreviations
    • 1. Elasmobranchs and Their Extinct Relatives: Diversity, Relationships, and Adaptations Through Time
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Systematic and Phylogenetic Framework of Chondrichthyan Diversity
      • 3 Environments and Adaptations
      • 4 Conclusion
      • References
    • 2. How Elasmobranchs Sense Their Environment
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 The Visual System
      • 3 The Non-visual System
      • 4 The Auditory and Vestibular Systems
      • 5 The Electrosensory System
      • 6 The Lateral Line System
      • 7 Cutaneous Mechanoreception
      • 8 The Chemosensory Systems
      • 9 Sensory Input to the Central Nervous System in Elasmobranchs
      • 10 Perspectives on Future Directions
      • References
    • 3. Elasmobranch Gill Structure
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Overview of the Elasmobranch Gill
      • 3 Evolution of the Gill: Elasmobranch Gill Structure in Relation to Other Fishes
      • 4 Elasmobranch Versus Teleost Ventilation
      • 5 Details of the Elasmobranch Gill
      • 6 Diversity in Elasmobranch Gill Dimensions and Morphology
      • 7 Conclusions
      • Acknowledgments
      • References
    • 4. Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics of Feeding in Elasmobranchs
      • 1 General Trophic Morphology
      • 2 Feeding Behaviors
      • 3 Biomechanical Models for Prey Capture
      • 4 Modulation of Muscle Activity
      • 5 Biomechanical Models for Prey Processing and Transport
      • 6 Biomechanics of Filter Feeding
      • 7 Biomechanics of Upper Jaw Protrusion
      • 8 Ecophysiological Patterns
      • References
    • 5. Elasmobranch Muscle Structure and Mechanical Properties
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Fiber Types
      • 3 Contractile Properties
      • 4 Summary
      • 5 Future Directions
      • References
    • 6. Swimming Mechanics and Energetics of Elasmobranch Fishes
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Elasmobranch Locomotor Diversity
      • 3 Elasmobranch Kinematics and Body Mechanics
      • 4 Hydrodynamics of Elasmobranch Locomotion
      • 5 The Remarkable Skin of Elasmobranchs and its Locomotor Function
      • 6 Energetics of Elasmobranch Locomotion
      • 7 Climate Change: Effects on Elasmobranch Locomotor Function
      • 8 Conclusions
      • Acknowledgments
      • References
    • 7. Reproduction Strategies
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Classification of Reproductive Modes in Elasmobranchs
      • 3 Mating Strategies and Parthenogenesis
      • 4 Classification of Reproductive Cycles in Elasmobranchs
      • 5 Endocrine Control of Reproductive Cycles in Elasmobranchs
      • 6 The Future
      • Acknowledgment
      • References
    • 8. Field Studies of Elasmobranch Physiology
      • 1 Introduction
      • 2 Thermal Physiology
      • 3 Swimming Kinematics and Energetics
      • 4 A Case Field Study: Thresher Sharks
      • 5 Future Directions in Field Physiology
      • References
    • Index
    • Other Volumes in the Fish Physiology Series

Product details

  • No. of pages: 422
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2015
  • Published: November 16, 2015
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128014431
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128012895

About the Editors

Robert Shadwick

Affiliations and Expertise

Canada Research Chair, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver B.C., Canada

Anthony Farrell

Affiliations and Expertise

Dept of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Colin Brauner

Colin Brauner
Dr. Colin Brauner was educated in Canada at the University of British Columbia (Ph D), followed by a Post-doctoral fellowship at Aarhus University and the University of Southern Denmark, and was a Research Associate at McMaster University. He is a Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility. He has been a Co-Editor of the Fish Physiology series since 2006. His research investigates environmental adaptations (both mechanistic and evolutionary) in relation to gas-exchange, acid-base balance and ion regulation in fish, integrating responses from the molecular, cellular and organismal level. The ultimate goal is to understand how evolutionary pressures have shaped physiological systems among vertebrates and to determine the degree to which physiological systems can adapt/acclimate to natural and anthropogenic environmental changes. This information is crucial for basic biology and understanding the diversity of biological systems, but much of his research conducted to date can also be applied to issues of aquaculture, toxicology and water quality criteria development, as well as fisheries management. His achievements have been recognized by the Society for Experimental Biology, UK (President’s medal) and the Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research (J.C. Stevenson Memorial Lecturer) and the Vancouver Marine Sciences Centre (Murray A. Newman Award for Aquatic Research). He is a former President of the Canadian Society of Zoologists.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Zoology, UBC and Director of the UBC Aquatics Facility, Canada

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