Physiology and Behaviour of Marine Organisms - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080215488, 9781483188133

Physiology and Behaviour of Marine Organisms

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 12th European Symposium on Marine Biology, Stirling, Scotland, September 1977

Editors: D.S. McLusky A.J. Berry
eBook ISBN: 9781483188133
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1978
Page Count: 404
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Description

Physiology and Behavior of Marine Organisms covers the proceedings of the 12th European Symposium on Marine Biology, held in University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland on September 5-12, 1977. This book is organized into six parts encompassing 45 chapters.

The first part deals with metabolism-related topics in marine organisms, including nutrition, enzyme activity, respiration, and physiological adaptation. The succeeding parts consider the mechanism of osmoregulation, ionic transport, biological permeation, and the structure and function of chloride cells in gills. These parts also explore the physiological aspects of marine animals in the water's chemical environment. These topics are followed by discussions of the mechanisms of immobilization and detoxification of heavy metals and other pollutants by marine organisms, as well as the interspecies differences in pollutant tolerance of several marine creatures. The concluding parts look into the behavior, reproduction, and development of other marine animals.

This book will be of great value to marine biologists, physiologists, researchers, and advance students.

Table of Contents


Foreword

List of Participants

Previous Symposia

Metabolism

Effects of Nutritive Stress upon Diel Rhythms, Total Tissue Metabolism, and Tissue Metabolic Rates in Carcinus maenas (L.) (Crustacea: Decapoda).

Activities of Some Enzymes Associated with Energy yielding Metabolism in Glycera alba (Muller) from Three Areas of Loch Eil.

Starvation and the Lack of Haemocyanin in Cancer pagurus L. (Crustacea: Decapoda) from Scottish West Coast Waters.

Heart and Scaphognathite Activity during the Digging Behaviour of the Shore Crab, Carcinus maenas (L.).

Etude Experimentale de la Respiration, de la Croissance et de la fecondite de Tisbe holotnuriae (Copepode: Harpacticoide) eleve a des temperatures differentes.

Respiration of Patella vulgata on the shore.

Consumption and Utilization of food by Juvenile Plaice in the Wadden Sea.

Some Responses of Tropical Mangrove Fiddler Crabs (Uca spp.) to high Environmental Temperatures.

Physiological Adaptation of Cancer Irroratus Larvae to Cyclic Temperature.

Anaerobic Metabolism of the Scavenging Isopod Cirolana Borealis Lilljeborg. Adenonine Nucleotides.

In situ Monitoring of Oxygen Production and Respiration in Cnidaria with and without Zooxanthellae.

The Influence of Swimming Performance on the Metabolic Rate of Gadoid fish.

Osmotic and Permeability Studies

Sodium Balance and Salinity Tolerance of the Mysid Leptomysis mediterranea

Osmoregulation of the Euryhaline Chinese crab Eriocheir sinensis. Ionic Transports Across Isolated Perfused Gills as Related to the Salinity of the Environment.

Guanine and Permeability in Swimbladders of Slope-dwelling fish.

Structure and Function of Chloride Cells in the Gills of Anguilla anguilla.

Physiology and the Chemical Environment

Physiology of Denitrifying Bacteria from Tidal Mudflats in the River Tay.

C/N et controle de la physiologie des cultures de phytoplancton.

Contribution to Studies on the Effect of Ectocrine Substances on the Development of Marine Invertebrates. Absorption of Labelled (14C or 3H) dissolved Organic Substances by the Eggs and Larvae of Euphausia krohnii.

The Extraction of Specific Proteins for the Simultaneous Ectodermal Absorption of Charged and Neutral Amino Acids by Anemonia sulcata (Coelenterata: Anthozoa).

The Uptake and Utilization of Dissolved Amino Acids by the Bivalve Mya arenaria (L.).

Heavy Metals and Pollution

Mechanisms of Immobilization and Detoxication of Metals in Marine Organisms.

The Effect of Salinity on the uptake of Cadmium by the Common Mussel, Mytilus edulis (L.).

Response of Embryos of the American Oyster, Crassostrea Virginica, to Heavy Metals at Different Temperatures.

The Impact of Pollution on the intertidal fauna of the estuarine Firth of Forth.

Lead Transport in the Common Mussel, Mytilus edulis

Interspecific Differences in Tolerance of Eurytemora affinis and Acartia tonsa from an Estuarine Anoxic Basin to Low dissolved Oxygen and Hydrogen Sulphide.

Behaviour

Intraspecific Organisation in Parrot Fish.

Balcis alba (da Costa) - A 'Temporary' Ectoparasite on Neopentadactyla mixta ostergren

The Migration of Plaice Larvae Pleuronectes Platessa into the Western Wadden Sea.

Crustacean Larval Phototaxis: Possible Functional Significance.

Emergence Times of the Intertidal Midge Clunio marinus (Chironomidae) at Places with Abnormal Tides.

Diurnal Vertical Migration and Zooplankton-epibenthos Relationships in a North Norwegian fjordo

Factors Affecting the Impingement of Fishes on Power Station Cooling-water Intake Screens.

Habitat Selection and Games Theory.

In situ Observations on the Behaviour and Biology of the Tropical Spider Crab Stenorhynchus seticornis Herbst (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura)

Learning in the Starfish Marthasterias glacialis.

Reproduction and Development

Environmental Influences on Growth and Sex Ratio in different eel populations (Anguilla anguilla L.) of Adriatic coasts.

Some Aspects of Fission in Allostichaster polyplax

Environmental Control of Reproduction in the Polychaetes Eulalia viridis and Harmothoe imbricata.

Influence d'une temperature elevee sur le rythme de ponte et la fecondite des populations mediterraneenes de Scolelepis fuliginosa (Annelide: Polychete) en elevage au laboratoire.

The Effect of Salinity and Temperature on the Postlarval Growth of the Crab Rhithropanopeus harrisii.

The Relationship of Temperature and Salinity to Larval Development in Mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis L.).

Influence de la temperature sur la reproduction et la survie de quelques Nassariidae (Mollusca: Gasteropoda)

Laboratory Experiments on the Spawning of Macoma balthica its Implication for Production Research.

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
404
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1978
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483188133

About the Editor

D.S. McLusky

A.J. Berry