Physiological Psychology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121366605, 9780323143813

Physiological Psychology

1st Edition

Authors: Thomas Brown
eBook ISBN: 9780323143813
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 658
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Description

Physiological Psychology explores the trends in physiological psychology, a rapidly growing and changing field that deals with the relationship between physiology and behavior. It considers the physiological correlates of emotions and how emotions are related to specific kinds of brain activity, the plasticity of the nervous system as it relates to learning and memory, and higher processes, such as thinking, decision making, reasoning, and language. Organized into 16 chapters, the book begins with an overview of the nervous system and the neuron, emphasizing the sensory systems: vision, audition, the chemical senses (olfaction and taste), and the somatosensory and vestibular systems. Then, it discusses the physiological bases of some of the more ""primitive"" behaviors, such as hunger, thirst, reproduction, sleep, and emotion. In particular, it examines the motor system of the brain, the motivation for food and water, the biological bases of sexual behavior, the biological rhythms and sleep, and the role of genetics, nutrition, environment, and hormones in development. The last chapter deals with the cortex and its role in the higher processes. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists, biologists, chemists, physicists, engineers, nutritionists, and many others interested in the relationship between biology and behavior.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 Introduction

Introduction

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

2 The Neuron: Axonal Conduction

Introduction

The Structure of the Neuron

Summary: The Structure of the Neuron

Axonal Conduction

Summary: Axonal Conduction

Integration at the Axon Hillock

Summary: Integration at the Axon Hillock

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

3 The Neuron: Synaptic Transmission

Introduction

The Structure of the Synapse

Summary: The Structure of the Synapse

Synaptic Transmission

Summary: Synaptic Transmission

The Neurotransmitters

Summary: The Neurotransmitters

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

4 Overview of the Nervous System

Introduction

General Features of the Brain

Summary: General Features of the Brain

Subdivisions of the Brain

Summary: Subdivisions of the Brain

The Spinal Cord

Summary: The Spinal Cord

The Peripheral Nervous System

Summary: The Peripheral Nervous System

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

5 Introduction to the Senses and Vision

Introduction

Introduction to the Senses

Summary: Introduction to the Senses

Vision

Summary: Structure of the Eye and Afferent Visual Pathway

Transduction in the Photoreceptors

Summary: Transduction in the Photoreceptors %

Coding Intensity

Coding of Pattern and Movement

Summary: Coding of Intensity, Pattern, and Movement

Coding Depth

Summary: Coding Depth

Color Coding

Summary: Color Coding

Efferent Output of Visual Information

Summary: Efferent Output of Visual Information

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

6 Audition

Introduction

Sound: The Auditory Stimulus

Summary: The Auditory Stimulus

Structure of the Ear

Summary: Structure of the Ear

Transduction in the Ear

Summary: Transduction in the Auditory System

The Afferent Auditory Pathway

The Coding of Sound

Summary: The Coding of Sound

Efferent Effects in the Auditory System

Summary: Efferent Effects in the Auditory System

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

7 The Chemical Senses

Introduction

The Chemical Stimulus

Summary: The Chemical Stimulus

Gustation

Summary: Gustation

Olfaction

Summary: Olfaction

Biological Relevance of the Chemical Senses

Summary: Biological Relevance of the Chemical Senses

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

8 The Somatosensory and Vestibular Systems

Introduction

The Skin Senses

Summary: Structure of the Skin and the Afferent Sensory Pathway

General Features of Coding in the Skin Senses

Summary: General Features of Coding in the Skin Senses

The Coding of Touch

Summary: The Coding of Touch

The Coding of Temperature

Summary: The Coding of Temperature

The Coding of Pain

Summary: The Coding of Pain

Kinesthesia

Summary: Kinesthesia

The Vestibular System

Summary: The Vestibular System

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

9 The Motor System of the Brain

Introduction

The Muscles

Summary: Muscles and Muscular Contraction

Reflex Pathways

Summary: Reflex Pathways

Efferent Motor Pathways

Summary: Efferent Motor Pathways

Central Control of Movement

Summary: Central Control of Movement

Motor Dysfunctions

Summary: Motor Dysfunctions

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

10 Emotions

Introduction

The Physiological Signs of Emotion

Summary: The Physiological Signs of Emotion

Aggression

Summary: Aggression

Reward

Summary: Reward

Reward and Mental Illness

Summary: Reward and Mental Illness

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

11 Hunger and Thirst

Introduction

The Regulation of Food Intake

Summary: The Regulation of Food Intake

The Regulation of Water Balance

Summary: The Regulation of Water Balance

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

12 Sexual Behavior

Introduction

The Differences Between Males and Females

Summary: Differences between Males and Females

Sexual Development

Summary: Sexual Development

The Biological Bases of Adult Sexual Behavior

Summary: Biological Bases of Adult Sexual Behavior

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

13 Biological Rhythms and Sleep

Introduction

Orcadian Rhythms

Summary: Orcadian Rhythms

Sleep

Summary: Sleep

Neural Mechanisms of Sleep and Waking

Summary: Neural Mechanisms of Sleep and Waking

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

14 Plasticity in the Nervous System: Development

Introduction

The Developing Nervous System

Summary: The Developing Nervous System

The Genetic Contribution to Development

Summary: The Genetic Contribution to Development

Nutritional Contributions to Development

Summary: Nutritional Contributions to Development

Hormonal Contributions to Development

Summary: Hormonal Contributions to Development

Environmental Contributions to Development

Summary: Environmental Contributions to Development

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

15 Plasticity in the Nervous System: Development

Introduction

Conceptual Issues

Summary: Conceptual Issues

Model Systems

Summary: Model Systems

Learning and Memory in the Intact, Behaving Animal

Summary: Learning and Memory in the Intact, Behaving Animal

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

16 Higher Processes

Introduction

Higher Processes in the Association Cortex

Summary: Higher Processes in the Association Cortex

Average Evoked Potentials

Summary: Average Evoked Potentials

Asymmetry in the Nervous System: The Split-Brain

Summary: Asymmetry in the Nervous System

Language

Summary: Language

Key Terms

Suggested Readings

Appendix: Human Brain Atlas

Glossary

References

Author Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
658
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143813

About the Author

Thomas Brown