Physiological Psychology

Physiological Psychology

1st Edition - January 1, 1980

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  • Author: Thomas Brown
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143813

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Description

Physiological Psychology explores the trends in physiological psychology, a rapidly growing and changing field that deals with the relationship between physiology and behavior. It considers the physiological correlates of emotions and how emotions are related to specific kinds of brain activity, the plasticity of the nervous system as it relates to learning and memory, and higher processes, such as thinking, decision making, reasoning, and language. Organized into 16 chapters, the book begins with an overview of the nervous system and the neuron, emphasizing the sensory systems: vision, audition, the chemical senses (olfaction and taste), and the somatosensory and vestibular systems. Then, it discusses the physiological bases of some of the more ""primitive"" behaviors, such as hunger, thirst, reproduction, sleep, and emotion. In particular, it examines the motor system of the brain, the motivation for food and water, the biological bases of sexual behavior, the biological rhythms and sleep, and the role of genetics, nutrition, environment, and hormones in development. The last chapter deals with the cortex and its role in the higher processes. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists, biologists, chemists, physicists, engineers, nutritionists, and many others interested in the relationship between biology and behavior.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 Introduction

    Introduction

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    2 The Neuron: Axonal Conduction

    Introduction

    The Structure of the Neuron

    Summary: The Structure of the Neuron

    Axonal Conduction

    Summary: Axonal Conduction

    Integration at the Axon Hillock

    Summary: Integration at the Axon Hillock

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    3 The Neuron: Synaptic Transmission

    Introduction

    The Structure of the Synapse

    Summary: The Structure of the Synapse

    Synaptic Transmission

    Summary: Synaptic Transmission

    The Neurotransmitters

    Summary: The Neurotransmitters

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    4 Overview of the Nervous System

    Introduction

    General Features of the Brain

    Summary: General Features of the Brain

    Subdivisions of the Brain

    Summary: Subdivisions of the Brain

    The Spinal Cord

    Summary: The Spinal Cord

    The Peripheral Nervous System

    Summary: The Peripheral Nervous System

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    5 Introduction to the Senses and Vision

    Introduction

    Introduction to the Senses

    Summary: Introduction to the Senses

    Vision

    Summary: Structure of the Eye and Afferent Visual Pathway

    Transduction in the Photoreceptors

    Summary: Transduction in the Photoreceptors %

    Coding Intensity

    Coding of Pattern and Movement

    Summary: Coding of Intensity, Pattern, and Movement

    Coding Depth

    Summary: Coding Depth

    Color Coding

    Summary: Color Coding

    Efferent Output of Visual Information

    Summary: Efferent Output of Visual Information

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    6 Audition

    Introduction

    Sound: The Auditory Stimulus

    Summary: The Auditory Stimulus

    Structure of the Ear

    Summary: Structure of the Ear

    Transduction in the Ear

    Summary: Transduction in the Auditory System

    The Afferent Auditory Pathway

    The Coding of Sound

    Summary: The Coding of Sound

    Efferent Effects in the Auditory System

    Summary: Efferent Effects in the Auditory System

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    7 The Chemical Senses

    Introduction

    The Chemical Stimulus

    Summary: The Chemical Stimulus

    Gustation

    Summary: Gustation

    Olfaction

    Summary: Olfaction

    Biological Relevance of the Chemical Senses

    Summary: Biological Relevance of the Chemical Senses

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    8 The Somatosensory and Vestibular Systems

    Introduction

    The Skin Senses

    Summary: Structure of the Skin and the Afferent Sensory Pathway

    General Features of Coding in the Skin Senses

    Summary: General Features of Coding in the Skin Senses

    The Coding of Touch

    Summary: The Coding of Touch

    The Coding of Temperature

    Summary: The Coding of Temperature

    The Coding of Pain

    Summary: The Coding of Pain

    Kinesthesia

    Summary: Kinesthesia

    The Vestibular System

    Summary: The Vestibular System

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    9 The Motor System of the Brain

    Introduction

    The Muscles

    Summary: Muscles and Muscular Contraction

    Reflex Pathways

    Summary: Reflex Pathways

    Efferent Motor Pathways

    Summary: Efferent Motor Pathways

    Central Control of Movement

    Summary: Central Control of Movement

    Motor Dysfunctions

    Summary: Motor Dysfunctions

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    10 Emotions

    Introduction

    The Physiological Signs of Emotion

    Summary: The Physiological Signs of Emotion

    Aggression

    Summary: Aggression

    Reward

    Summary: Reward

    Reward and Mental Illness

    Summary: Reward and Mental Illness

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    11 Hunger and Thirst

    Introduction

    The Regulation of Food Intake

    Summary: The Regulation of Food Intake

    The Regulation of Water Balance

    Summary: The Regulation of Water Balance

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    12 Sexual Behavior

    Introduction

    The Differences Between Males and Females

    Summary: Differences between Males and Females

    Sexual Development

    Summary: Sexual Development

    The Biological Bases of Adult Sexual Behavior

    Summary: Biological Bases of Adult Sexual Behavior

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    13 Biological Rhythms and Sleep

    Introduction

    Orcadian Rhythms

    Summary: Orcadian Rhythms

    Sleep

    Summary: Sleep

    Neural Mechanisms of Sleep and Waking

    Summary: Neural Mechanisms of Sleep and Waking

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    14 Plasticity in the Nervous System: Development

    Introduction

    The Developing Nervous System

    Summary: The Developing Nervous System

    The Genetic Contribution to Development

    Summary: The Genetic Contribution to Development

    Nutritional Contributions to Development

    Summary: Nutritional Contributions to Development

    Hormonal Contributions to Development

    Summary: Hormonal Contributions to Development

    Environmental Contributions to Development

    Summary: Environmental Contributions to Development

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    15 Plasticity in the Nervous System: Development

    Introduction

    Conceptual Issues

    Summary: Conceptual Issues

    Model Systems

    Summary: Model Systems

    Learning and Memory in the Intact, Behaving Animal

    Summary: Learning and Memory in the Intact, Behaving Animal

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    16 Higher Processes

    Introduction

    Higher Processes in the Association Cortex

    Summary: Higher Processes in the Association Cortex

    Average Evoked Potentials

    Summary: Average Evoked Potentials

    Asymmetry in the Nervous System: The Split-Brain

    Summary: Asymmetry in the Nervous System

    Language

    Summary: Language

    Key Terms

    Suggested Readings

    Appendix: Human Brain Atlas

    Glossary

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 658
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1980
  • Published: January 1, 1980
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143813

About the Author

Thomas Brown

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