Physiological Bases of Human Performance During Work and Exercise

1st Edition


  • Print ISBN 9780443102714


Physiological Bases of Human Performance during Work and Exercise is a high-level physiology text for advanced students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of human physiology, exercise science and applied physiology. Eighty internationally recognised scientists from sixteen countries have written chapters within six areas: Physiological performance limits and human adaptation; The physiological bases of gender differences in performance; Age and human performance; Performance under environmental extremes; Exercise and health interactions; and Optimising performance through supplementation. Each section contains state-of-the-art reviews of the scientific literature. To stimulate critical thinking, there are thirteen debates and discussions that focus on some of the controversial topics that exist across these disciplines.

Table of Contents

List of contributors. Preface

Section 1: Limitations and adaptations. Section Introduction - Human adaptation (Roy Shephard).

Chapter 1 - Cardiovascular responses to exercise and limitations to human performance )Michael Tschakovsky and Kyra Pyke). Chapter 2 - Pulmonary responses to exercise and limitations to human performance (MIchael Stickland, Markus Amman, Keisho Katayama and Jerome Dempsey). Chapter 3 - Cardiovascular and pulmonary adaptations to endurance training (Daniel Green, Louise Naylor, Keith George, Jerome Dempsey, Michael Stickland and Keisho Katayama). Chapter 4 - Neuromuscular adaptations to exercise (Paavo Komi and Caroline Nicol). Chapter 5 - Central and neuromuscular fatigue (Janet Taylor, Paavo Komi, and Caroline Nicol). Chapter 6 - Cellular mechanisms of skeletal muscle fatigue (David Allen, Graham Lamb and Hakan Westerblad). Chapter 7 - Performance limitations due to substrate availability (Mark Hargreaves). Chapter 8 - Genetics and human performance: natural selection and genetic modification (Geoffrey Goldspink and Christiana Velloso). Chapter 9 - Detraining, bed rest and adaptation to microgravity (Marco Narici, Claire Stewart and Pietro di Prampero). Chapter 10 - Topical debates. 10.1 Maximal exercise: is it limited centrally or peripherally? (Peter Wagner and Niels Secher). 10.2 Human performance and maximal aerobic power (Timothy Noakes and Bjorn Ekblom). 10.3 The anaerobic threshold: fact or misinterpretation (Mike Lindinger and Brian Whipp).

Section 2: Gender differences. Section introduction - Our limits of physiological knowledge: the legacy of male-based physiology (Sarah Nunneley).

Chapter 11 - Exercise, work and stress in adolescent and adult women (Denise Smith, Patricia Fehling and Jeff Segrave). Chapter 12 - Human performance in the pregnant woman: foetal and materanl considerations (Michelle Motola). Chapter 13 - Physiological bases of health-enhancing physical activity for post-menopausal women (K


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© 2008
Churchill Livingstone
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About the authors

Nigel Taylor

Affiliations and Expertise

Human Performance Laboratories, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Australia

Herbert Groeller

Affiliations and Expertise

Human Performance Laboratories, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Australia