Physics in the Modern World - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780124722804, 9780323161435

Physics in the Modern World

2nd Edition

Authors: Jerry Marion
eBook ISBN: 9780323161435
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 656
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Description

Physics in the Modern World, Second Edition focuses on the applications of physics in a world dominated by technology and the many ways that physical ideas are manifest in everyday situations, from the operation of rockets and cameras to space travel and X-ray photography. It shows how physical principles bring a pattern of simplicity and continuity to the diverse natural and technological world around us. Automobile air bags, artificial gravity, and pollution control, as well as appliance economics, radar, and other modern phenomena and devices are discussed to emphasize the way that physical principles are applied in today's world.

Comprised of 21 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to physical ideas, with particular reference to the basic concepts used in describing and measuring things such as length, time, and mass. The discussion then turns to motion, force, and linear momentum, along with circular motion, torque, and angular momentum. Subsequent chapters focus on gravitation and space travel; energy and electricity; liquids and gases; electromagnetism; heat; waves; electromagnetic radiation; light; atoms; relativity; structure of matter; nuclei and nuclear power; and radiation. Each chapter concludes with a list of exercises that include questions and problems.

This monograph is intended for physics students who are specializing in other disciplines.

Table of Contents


Preface

1 Introduction to Physical Ideas

Describing and Measuring Things

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

2 Motion

2-1 Average Speed

2-2 Graphical Representation of Speed

2-3 Acceleration

2-4 Accelerated Motion

2-5 Free Fall

2-6 Vectors

2-7 Motion in Two Dimensions

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

3 Force

3-1 Force and Inertia

3-2 Dynamics

3-3 Action and Reaction

3-4 Friction

3-5 Statics

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

4 Linear Momentum

4-1 (Mass) × (Velocity)

4-2 The Conservation of Linear Momentum

4-3 The Vector Character of Linear Momentum

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

5 Circular Motion, Torque, and Angular Momentum

5-1 Circular Motion

5-2 Torque

5-3 Center of Mass

5-4 Angular Momentum

5-5 Rotational Inertia

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

6 Gravitation and Space Travel

6-1 Planetary Motion

6-2 Universal Gravitation

6-3 Space Travel

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

7 Energy

7-1 Work

7-2 Work Done Against Various Forces

7-3 Power

7-4 Kinetic and Potential Energy

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

8 Energy in Today's World

8-1 How Much Energy Do We Use?

8-2 Water Power

8-3 Fossil Fuels

8-4 Nuclear Energy

8-5 Secondary Energy Sources

8-6 The Storage of Energy

8-7 Energy and the Environment

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

9 Heat

9-1 The Laws of Thermodynamics

9-2 Temperature and Heat

9-3 Thermal Effects on Size

9-4 Heat Calculations

9-5 Heat Transfer

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

10 Liquids and Gases

10-1 Pressure

10-2 Buoyancy

10-3 The Gas Laws

10-4 Kinetic Theory

10-5 Changes of Phase

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

11 Electricity

11-1 The Electric Force

11-2 The Electric Field

11-3 The Electron Charge and the Electron Volt

11-4 Capacitance

11-5 Electric Current

11-6 Electric Resistance

11-7 Electric Circuits

11-8 Atmospheric Electricity

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

12 Electromagnetism

12-1 Magnetism and the Earth's Magnetic Field

12-2 The Interaction of Currents and Charges with Magnetic Fields

12-3 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents

12-4 Fields That Vary with Time

12-5 Alternating Current

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

13 Waves

13-1 Simple Harmonic Motion

13-2 Wave Pulses on Springs and Strings

13-3 Traveling Waves

13-4 Superimposed Waves

13-5 Sound

13-6 Refraction, Diffraction, and Interference

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

14 Electromagnetic Radiation

14-1 Producing Electromagnetic Waves

14-2 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves

14-3 Polarization

14-4 Photons

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

15 Light

15-1 Basic Features of Light and Light Sources

15-2 Lenses

15-3 Optical Instruments

15-4 Color and Spectra

15-5 Light and Vision

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

16 Relativity

16-1 The Basis of Relativity

16-2 The Velocity of Light

16-3 Relativistic Effects on Time and Length

16-4 Mass and Energy

16-5 The General Theory

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

17 Electrons and Photons

17-1 The Photoelectric Effect

17-2 The Wave Nature of Particles

17-3 Quantum Theory

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

18 The Modern View of Atoms

18-1 The Hydrogen Atom

18-2 Quantum Theory of the Hydrogen Atom

18-3 Complex Atoms and the Periodic Table

18-4 X Rays

18-5 Lasers

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

19 The Structure of Matter

19-1 Ionic Bonds and Ionic Crystals

19-2 Covalent Bonds and Covalent Crystals

19-3 Hydrogen Bonds

19-4 Semiconductors

19-5 Superconductors

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

20 Nuclei and Nuclear Power

20-1 Radioactivity

20-2 The Nuclear Atom

20-3 The Composition of Nuclei

20-4 Nuclear Masses

20-5 Nuclear Reactions

20-6 Nuclear Fission

20-7 Nuclear Reactors

20-8 Nuclear Fusion

20-9 The Strong and Weak Forces

20-10 Nuclear Reactions in the Sun

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

21 Radiation - Effects and Uses

21-1 Radiation and Radiation Effects

21-2 Radiation Techniques in Various Fields

21-3 Biological Effects of Radiation

21-4 Biological and Medical Uses of Radiation

Important Terms and Concepts

Suggested Readings

Questions and Exercises

Appendix

Essential Definitions of Trigonometry

Answers Odd-Numbered Numerical Exercises

Index

Details

No. of pages:
656
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323161435

About the Author

Jerry Marion