Physics in the Modern World

Physics in the Modern World

2nd Edition - March 10, 1981

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  • Author: Jerry Marion
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161435

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Description

Physics in the Modern World, Second Edition focuses on the applications of physics in a world dominated by technology and the many ways that physical ideas are manifest in everyday situations, from the operation of rockets and cameras to space travel and X-ray photography. It shows how physical principles bring a pattern of simplicity and continuity to the diverse natural and technological world around us. Automobile air bags, artificial gravity, and pollution control, as well as appliance economics, radar, and other modern phenomena and devices are discussed to emphasize the way that physical principles are applied in today's world. Comprised of 21 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to physical ideas, with particular reference to the basic concepts used in describing and measuring things such as length, time, and mass. The discussion then turns to motion, force, and linear momentum, along with circular motion, torque, and angular momentum. Subsequent chapters focus on gravitation and space travel; energy and electricity; liquids and gases; electromagnetism; heat; waves; electromagnetic radiation; light; atoms; relativity; structure of matter; nuclei and nuclear power; and radiation. Each chapter concludes with a list of exercises that include questions and problems. This monograph is intended for physics students who are specializing in other disciplines.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    1 Introduction to Physical Ideas

    Describing and Measuring Things

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    2 Motion

    2-1 Average Speed

    2-2 Graphical Representation of Speed

    2-3 Acceleration

    2-4 Accelerated Motion

    2-5 Free Fall

    2-6 Vectors

    2-7 Motion in Two Dimensions

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    3 Force

    3-1 Force and Inertia

    3-2 Dynamics

    3-3 Action and Reaction

    3-4 Friction

    3-5 Statics

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    4 Linear Momentum

    4-1 (Mass) × (Velocity)

    4-2 The Conservation of Linear Momentum

    4-3 The Vector Character of Linear Momentum

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    5 Circular Motion, Torque, and Angular Momentum

    5-1 Circular Motion

    5-2 Torque

    5-3 Center of Mass

    5-4 Angular Momentum

    5-5 Rotational Inertia

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    6 Gravitation and Space Travel

    6-1 Planetary Motion

    6-2 Universal Gravitation

    6-3 Space Travel

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    7 Energy

    7-1 Work

    7-2 Work Done Against Various Forces

    7-3 Power

    7-4 Kinetic and Potential Energy

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    8 Energy in Today's World

    8-1 How Much Energy Do We Use?

    8-2 Water Power

    8-3 Fossil Fuels

    8-4 Nuclear Energy

    8-5 Secondary Energy Sources

    8-6 The Storage of Energy

    8-7 Energy and the Environment

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    9 Heat

    9-1 The Laws of Thermodynamics

    9-2 Temperature and Heat

    9-3 Thermal Effects on Size

    9-4 Heat Calculations

    9-5 Heat Transfer

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    10 Liquids and Gases

    10-1 Pressure

    10-2 Buoyancy

    10-3 The Gas Laws

    10-4 Kinetic Theory

    10-5 Changes of Phase

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    11 Electricity

    11-1 The Electric Force

    11-2 The Electric Field

    11-3 The Electron Charge and the Electron Volt

    11-4 Capacitance

    11-5 Electric Current

    11-6 Electric Resistance

    11-7 Electric Circuits

    11-8 Atmospheric Electricity

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    12 Electromagnetism

    12-1 Magnetism and the Earth's Magnetic Field

    12-2 The Interaction of Currents and Charges with Magnetic Fields

    12-3 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents

    12-4 Fields That Vary with Time

    12-5 Alternating Current

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    13 Waves

    13-1 Simple Harmonic Motion

    13-2 Wave Pulses on Springs and Strings

    13-3 Traveling Waves

    13-4 Superimposed Waves

    13-5 Sound

    13-6 Refraction, Diffraction, and Interference

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    14 Electromagnetic Radiation

    14-1 Producing Electromagnetic Waves

    14-2 Properties of Electromagnetic Waves

    14-3 Polarization

    14-4 Photons

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    15 Light

    15-1 Basic Features of Light and Light Sources

    15-2 Lenses

    15-3 Optical Instruments

    15-4 Color and Spectra

    15-5 Light and Vision

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    16 Relativity

    16-1 The Basis of Relativity

    16-2 The Velocity of Light

    16-3 Relativistic Effects on Time and Length

    16-4 Mass and Energy

    16-5 The General Theory

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    17 Electrons and Photons

    17-1 The Photoelectric Effect

    17-2 The Wave Nature of Particles

    17-3 Quantum Theory

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    18 The Modern View of Atoms

    18-1 The Hydrogen Atom

    18-2 Quantum Theory of the Hydrogen Atom

    18-3 Complex Atoms and the Periodic Table

    18-4 X Rays

    18-5 Lasers

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    19 The Structure of Matter

    19-1 Ionic Bonds and Ionic Crystals

    19-2 Covalent Bonds and Covalent Crystals

    19-3 Hydrogen Bonds

    19-4 Semiconductors

    19-5 Superconductors

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    20 Nuclei and Nuclear Power

    20-1 Radioactivity

    20-2 The Nuclear Atom

    20-3 The Composition of Nuclei

    20-4 Nuclear Masses

    20-5 Nuclear Reactions

    20-6 Nuclear Fission

    20-7 Nuclear Reactors

    20-8 Nuclear Fusion

    20-9 The Strong and Weak Forces

    20-10 Nuclear Reactions in the Sun

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    21 Radiation - Effects and Uses

    21-1 Radiation and Radiation Effects

    21-2 Radiation Techniques in Various Fields

    21-3 Biological Effects of Radiation

    21-4 Biological and Medical Uses of Radiation

    Important Terms and Concepts

    Suggested Readings

    Questions and Exercises

    Appendix

    Essential Definitions of Trigonometry

    Answers Odd-Numbered Numerical Exercises

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 656
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1981
  • Published: March 10, 1981
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323161435

About the Author

Jerry Marion

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