Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780128013632, 9780128016442

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

2nd Edition

Authors: Syed Ahmed
eBook ISBN: 9780128016442
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128013632
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 26th November 2014
Page Count: 784
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Description

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects.

The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. 

Key Features

  • Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content
  • Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements
  • Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems
  • Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators
  • Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems

Readership

Undergraduate and graduate students in medical physics, radiation physics, radiation detection and measurement, radiation safety, particle physics, nuclear medicine and nuclear engineering

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Preface to the second edition
  • Preface to the first edition
  • 1. Properties and sources of radiation
    • 1.1 Types of radiation
    • 1.2 Waves or particles?
    • 1.3 Radioactivity and radioactive decay
    • 1.4 Activation
    • 1.5 Sources of radiation
    • 1.6 General properties and sources of particles and waves
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 2. Interaction of radiation with matter
    • 2.1 Some basic concepts and terminologies
    • 2.2 Types of particle interactions
    • 2.3 Interaction of photons with matter
    • 2.4 Interaction of heavy charged particles with matter
    • 2.5 Interaction of electrons with matter
    • 2.6 Interaction of neutral particles with matter
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 3. Gas-filled detectors
    • 3.1 Production of electron–ion pairs
    • 3.2 Diffusion and drift of charges in gases
    • 3.3 Regions of operation of gas-filled detectors
    • 3.4 Ionization chambers
    • 3.5 Proportional counters
    • 3.6 Geiger–Mueller counters
    • 3.7 Sources of error in gaseous detectors
    • 3.8 Detector efficiency
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 4. Liquid-filled detectors
    • 4.1 Properties of liquids
    • 4.2 Liquid ionization chamber
    • 4.3 Liquid proportional counters
    • 4.4 Commonly used liquid detection media
    • 4.5 Sources of error in liquid-filled ionizing detectors
    • 4.6 Cherenkov detectors
    • 4.7 Bubble chamber
    • 4.8 Liquid scintillator detectors
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 5. Solid-state detectors
    • 5.1 Semiconductor detectors
    • 5.2 Diamond detectors
    • 5.3 Thermoluminescent detectors
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 6. Scintillation detectors and photodetectors
    • 6.1 Scintillation mechanism and scintillator properties
    • 6.2 Organic scintillators
    • 6.3 Inorganic scintillators
    • 6.4 Transfer of scintillation photons
    • 6.5 Photodetectors
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 7. Position-sensitive detection and imaging
    • 7.1 Some important terms and quantities
    • 7.2 Position-sensitive detection
    • 7.3 Imaging devices
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 8. Signal processing
    • 8.1 Preamplification
    • 8.2 Signal transport
    • 8.3 Pulse shaping
    • 8.4 Filtering
    • 8.5 Amplification
    • 8.6 Discrimination
    • 8.7 Analog-to-digital conversion
    • 8.8 Digital signal processing
    • 8.9 Electronic noise
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 9. Essential statistics for data analysis
    • 9.1 Measures of centrality
    • 9.2 Measure of dispersion
    • 9.3 Probability
    • 9.4 Confidence intervals
    • 9.5 Measurement uncertainty
    • 9.6 Confidence tests
    • 9.7 Regression
    • 9.8 Correlation
    • 9.9 Time series analysis
    • 9.10 Frequency domain analysis
    • 9.11 Counting statistics
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 10. Software for data analysis
    • 10.1 Standard analysis packages
    • 10.2 Custom-made data analysis packages
    • Bibliography
  • 11. Dosimetry and radiation protection
    • 11.1 Importance of dosimetry
    • 11.2 Quantities related to dosimetry
    • 11.3 Passive dosimetry
    • 11.4 Active dosimetry
    • 11.5 Microdosimetry
    • 11.6 Biological effects of radiation
    • 11.7 Radiation protection
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 12. Radiation spectroscopy
    • 12.1 Spectroscopy of photons
    • 12.2 Spectroscopy of charged particles
    • 12.3 Neutron spectroscopy
    • 12.4 Mass spectroscopy
    • 12.5 Time spectroscopy
    • Problems
    • Bibliography
  • 13. Data acquisition systems
    • 13.1 Data acquisition chain
    • 13.2 Modular instruments
    • 13.3 PC-based systems
    • Bibliography
  • Appendix A. Essential electronic measuring devices
    • A.1 Multimeters
    • A.2 Oscilloscopes
  • Appendix B. Constants and conversion factors
    • B.1 Constants
    • B.2 Masses and electrical charges of particles
    • B.3 Conversion prefixes
  • Appendix C. VME connector pin assignments

Details

No. of pages:
784
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780128016442
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128013632

About the Author

Syed Ahmed

Dr. Ahmed has several years of extensive practical experience in the field of radiation detection and measurement. He holds degrees of Masters in Physics, Masters in Nuclear Engineering, and PhD in Physics. He has heavily contributed to research and development in some of the world renowned Physics laboratories, such as Max-Planck-Institute for Physics in Germany, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in USA, and Sudbury Neutrino Observatory in Canada. Particle/radiation detection and measurement are his primary areas of expertise. Currently he is working at Laurentian University/Penguin ASI Inc. as a Senior Research Scientist. Apart from research and development, Dr. Ahmed also teaches in the Physics department of Laurentian University.

Dr. Ahmed is a Chartered Scientist and a Chartered Physicist of the Institute of Physics, UK. He holds memberships of the Institute of Physics, UK, the Canadian Association of Physicists, and the Institute of Particle Physics, Canada.

Affiliations and Expertise

Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada