Physics and Astronomy of the Moon

Physics and Astronomy of the Moon

1st Edition - January 1, 1961

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  • Editor: Zdeněk Kopal
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270784

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Physics and Astronomy of the Moon focuses on the application of principles of physics in the study of the moon, including perturbations, equations, light scattering, and photometry. The selection first offers information on the motion of the moon in space and libration of the moon. Topics include Hill's equations of motion, non-solar perturbations, improved lunar ephemeris, optical and physical libration of the moon, and adjustment of heliometric observations of the moon's libration. The text then elaborates on the dynamics of the earth-moon system, photometry of the moon, and polarization of moonlight. The publication explains lunar eclipses and the topography of the moon. Discussions focus on the photometric model of eclipses, brightness of the solar elementary ring, effects of light scattering, photometry of lunar eclipses, and determination of altitudes on the moon. The text then evaluates the interpretation of lunar craters, luminescence of the lunar surface, and the origin and history of the moon. The selection is a dependable reference for physicists and astronomers interested in the application of principles of physics in the study of the moon.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    Chapter 1 The Motion of the Moon in Space

    I. Introductory Remarks

    II. The Principal Methods

    III. Hill's Equations of Motion

    IV. Non-Solar Perturbations

    V. Comparison with the Observations

    VI. The Improved Lunar Ephemeris

    VII. Radar Distances of the Moon


    Chapter 2 Libration of the Moon

    I. Rotation of the Moon and the Laws of Cassini

    II. Optical Libration of the Moon

    III. Physical Libration of the Moon

    IV. Physical Libration in Longitude

    V. Physical Libration in Inclination and Node

    VI. Influence of Solar Attraction

    VII. Determination of the Constants of the Moon's Physical Libration from Observations

    VIII. Comparison of Heliometric Observations of the Moon with Theory

    IX. Adjustment of Heliometric Observations of the Moon's Libration

    X. Remarks Concerning the Figure of the Moon

    XI. Values of the Constants of the Moon's Physical Libration and Conclusion


    Chapter 3 Dynamics of the Earth-Moon System

    I. Introduction

    II. Kinematical and Dynamical Relationships

    III. Tidal Deformation

    IV. Rotation of the Earth

    V. Secular Variation : The Evidence

    VI. The Tidal Couple

    VII. Inclination and Eccentricity


    Chapter 4 Photometry of the Moon

    I. Introduction

    II. Integral Brightness as a Function of the Phase-Angle

    I I I . Absolute Magnitude and Albedo of the Moon

    IV. Brightness of Surface Details

    V. Laws of Reflection

    VI. Colorimetric Characteristics

    VII. Conclusions


    Chapter 5 The Polarization of Moonlight

    I. Introduction

    II. Polarization of Light from the Whole Disk

    III. Polarization by Different Regions of the Disk

    IV. Polarization of Light by Mineral Substances

    V. Substances with Vitreous Surfaces

    VI. Slightly Absorbing Powdered Substances

    VII. Substances with Rough or Diffusing Surfaces

    VIII. Powdered Opaque Substances

    IX. The Interpretation of the Polarization of the Light from the Moon

    X. Origin of the Powdery Nature of Lunar Ground

    XL Polarization of the Ashen Light of the Moon

    X II. The Study of the Polarization of Ashen Light

    X III. Origin of the Polarization of the Ashen Light

    XIV. Polarization Curve of the Earth

    XV. The Nature of the Lunar Ground

    XVI. The Investigation of an Atmosphere Surrounding the Moon


    CHAPTER 6 Lunar Eclipses

    I. Introduction

    II. The History of Lunar Eclipses

    III. The Basic Characteristics of the Eclipses

    IV. Future Eclipses

    V. Increase of the Earth's Shadow

    VI. The Photometric Model of the Eclipses

    VII. General Transmission Coefficient

    VIII. Computation of the Refraction and of the Air-mass

    IX. Brightness of the Solar Elementary Ring

    X. Structure of the Auxiliary Shadow

    XI. Normal Densities of the Shadow

    XII. The Eclipse on the Moon

    XIII. Geographic Circumstances of Eclipses

    XIV. Effects of Light Scattering

    XV. Photometry of Lunar Eclipses

    XVI. Comparison between Theory and Observations

    XVII. Atmospheric Ozone

    XVIII. High Absorbing Layer

    XIX. Meteorological Analysis of the Eclipse

    XX. Lunar Luminescence

    XXI. Possible Manifestations of Lunar Luminescence Outside the Eclipses

    XXII. The Variations in Brightness of the Eclipse

    XXIII Further Phenomena during Lunar Eclipses

    XXIV. Allied Phenomena

    XXV. Conclusions


    CHAPTER 7 Topography of the Moon

    I. Lunar Topography : a Survey

    II. Lunar Coordinates

    III. Determination of Altitudes on the Moon

    IV. Formations of the Lunar Surface


    CHAPTER 8 Interpretation of Lunar Craters

    I. Introduction

    II. Crater-forming Processes

    III. Maars

    IV. Impact Craters

    V. Ballistics of Copernicus

    VI. History of the Copernicus Region


    IV. The Librations of the Moon

    V. Pulse Length Considerations

    VI. The Early Experiments

    VII. The Later Experiments

    VIII. Summary of the Results

    IX. Discussion of the Results

    X. The Lunar Ionosphere

    XI. Conclusion


    Chapter 13 Origin and History of the Moon

    I. Introduction

    II. Origin of the Lunar Craters

    III. The Imbrium Collision

    IV. Time of Formation of the Lunar Surface

    V. The Figure of the Moon

    VI. The Heat Balance of the Moon

    VII. Density and Composition of the Moon

    VIII. The Chemical Composition of the Surface Regions

    IX. The Origin of the Moon

    X. Conclusions


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 554
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1961
  • Published: January 1, 1961
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270784

About the Editor

Zdeněk Kopal

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  • Kostas P. Fri Dec 10 2021

    verry, verry good.

    verry, verry good.