Physics 1942 – 1962 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483197463, 9781483222493

Physics 1942 – 1962

1st Edition

Including Presentation Speeches and Laureates' Biographies

Authors: Yong Zhou
eBook ISBN: 9781483222493
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 636
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Description

Physics 1942 – 1962 presents Nobel Lectures on physics from 1942 to 1962. This book is 20 chapters that cover various Nobel physics subjects. The opening chapters deal with the topics of molecular ray methods, exclusion principle, quantum mechanics, the ionosphere, development of the Meson theory, interaction between high-speed nucleons and atomic nuclei, and the artificial production of fast particles. Other chapters discuss the principle of nuclear induction, research in nuclear magnetism, the discovery of phase contrast, statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics, the hydrogen atom structure, and the magnetic moment of the electron. The final chapters explore the semiconductor and transistor technology, laws of parity conservation, particle radiation, optics of light sources, the early antiprotron studies, elementary particles, bubble chamber, nucleus structure evaluation using the electron-scattering method, and the gamma radiation. This book is directed toward physicists.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Publisher's Note

1942 (Prize not Awarded)

1943 Otto Stern

1944 Isidor Isaac Rabi

Motivation

Account of Stern's and Rabi's Works

The Method of Molecular Rays

Biography O. Stern

Biography I. I. Rabi

1945 Wolfgang Pauli

Motivation

Presentation

Exclusion Principle and Quantum Mechanics

Biography W. Pauli

1946 Percy Williams Bridgman

Motivation

Presentation

General Survey of Certain Results in the Field of High-Pressure Physics

Biography P. W. Bridgman

1947 Sir Edward Victor Appleton

Motivation

Presentation

The Ionosphere

Biography E. V. Appleton

1948 Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett

Motivation

Presentation

Cloud Chamber Researches in Nuclear Physics and Cosmic Radiation

Biography P. M. S. Blackett

1949 Hideki Yukawa

Motivation

Presentation

Meson Theory in Its Developments

Biography H. Yukawa

1950 Cecil Frank Powell

Motivation

Presentation

The Cosmic Radiation

Biography C. F. Powell

1951 Sir John Douglas Cockcroft and Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton

Motivation

Presentation

Experiments on the Interaction of High-Speed Nucleons with Atomic Nuclei

Biography J. D. Cockcroft

The Artificial Production of Fast Particles

Biography E. T. S. Walton

1952 Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell

Motivation

Presentation

The Principle of Nuclear Induction

Biography F. Bloch

Research in Nuclear Magnetism

Biography E. M. Purcell

1953 Frits Zernike

Motivation

Presentation

How I Discovered Phase Contrast

Biography F. Zernike

1954 Max Born and Walther Bothe

Motivation

Presentation

The Statistical Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics

Biography M. Born

The Coincidence Method

Biography W. Bothe

1955 Willis Eugene Lamb and Polykarp Kusch

Motivation

Presentation

Fine Structure of the Hydrogen Atom

Biography W. E. Lamb, Jr.

The Magnetic Moment of the Electron

Biography P. Kusch

1956 William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain

Motivation

Presentation

Semiconductor Research Leading to the Point Contact Transistor

Biography J. Bardeen

Transistor Technology Evokes New Physics

Biography W. Shockley

Surface Properties of Semiconductors

Biography W. H. Brattain

1957 Chen Ning Yang and Tsung Dae Lee

Motivation

Presentation

The Law of Parity Conservation and Other Symmetry Laws of Physics

Biography C. N. Yang

Weak Interactions and Nonconservation of Parity

Biography T. D. Lee

1958 Pavel Aleksejevič Čerenkov, Il’ja Michajlovič Frank and Igor’ Evgen’evič Tamm

Motivation

Presentation

Radiation of Particles Moving at a Velocity Exceeding that of Light, and Some of the Possibilities for their Use in Experimental Physics

Biography P. A. Cerenkov

Optics of Light Sources Moving in Refractive Media

Biography I. M. Frank

General Characteristics of Radiations Emitted by Systems Moving with Super-Light Velocities with Some Applications to Plasma Physics

Biography I. E. Tamm

1959 Emilio Gino Segrè and Owen Chamberlain

Motivation

Presentation

The Early Antiproton Work

Biography O. Chamberlain

Properties of Antinucleons

Biography E. G. Segrè

1960 Donald Arthur Glaser

Motivation

Presentation

Elementary Particles and Bubble Chambers

Biography D. A. Glaser

1961 Robert Hofstadter and Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer

Motivation

Presentation

The Electron-Scattering Method and its Application to the Structure of Nuclei and Nucleons

Biography R. Hofstadter

Recoilless Nuclear Resonance Absorption of Gamma Radiation

Biography R. L. Mössbauer

1962 Lev Davidovič Landau

Motivation

Presentation

Biography L. D. Landau

Name Index

Subject Index

Index of Biographies


Details

No. of pages:
636
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9781483222493

About the Author

Yong Zhou

Professor Yong Zhou is a recognized expert in the field of non-linear difference equations and their applications in China. He was Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Dynamical Systems and Differential Equations over 2007-2011, and is present Guest Editor at Optimization (T&F), Nonlinear Dynamics and Journal of Vibration and Control (Sage), and at Elsevier former Guest Editor of Computers & Mathematics with Applications over 2010-2012 and Applied Mathematics and Computation over 2014-2015.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, P.R. China.